Igor Ivanov is a Professor at Moscow State Institute for International Relations. Previously, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs, from 1998 to 2004, and Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, from 2004 to 2007. Minister Ivanov holds the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. He took part in the work of several UN General Assembly sessions, many international conferences, and in particular, co-chaired the Bosnia settlement talk in Dayton, Ohio. From 1991 to 1993, he represented the USSR and then Russia as Ambassador to Spain. Minister Ivanov has also worked as a researcher at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, USSR Academy of Sciences. He has published a number of studies and articles on the history of Russian foreign affairs and foreign policy. Minister Ivanov has a Ph.D. in history. In 1969, he graduated from the Moscow State Institute of Foreign Languages and is fluent in Spanish and English.