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CrisisWatch Database

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134 results found
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Rwanda

  |  1 Dec 2014

Unchanged

Two Rwandan League of Human Rights (LIPRODHOR) members arrested 21 Nov in Kigali, accused of forgery. New witness in former President Habyarimana 1994 plane crash case reportedly abducted 13 Nov.

Rwanda

  |  1 Nov 2014

Unchanged

First political debate held 14 Oct on potential revision of Rwandan constitution; proposed amendment would allow President Kagame to run for third term.

Rwanda

  |  1 Oct 2014

Unchanged

Repression continued, including among Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) high ranks: former Protocol Director to President Rose Kabuye, former Permanent Secretary Mary Baine, former Rwandan ambassador to the Netherlands Immaculée Uwanyirigira publicly accused early Sept of conspiring against RPF. Senate President Jean-Damascène Ntawukuliryayo 17 Sept resigned after allegations of mismanagement raised in petition from 15 senators. Manzi Byabagamba, brother of recently arrested Colonel Tom Byabagamba and brother-in-law of recently arrested Frank Rusagara, arrested 20 Sept with 8-month pregnant wife and son on undisclosed charges.

Rwanda

  |  1 Sep 2014

Unchanged

FM Louise Mushikiwabo 15 Aug warned against further delay in taking military action against FDLR in DRC; representative at UNSC meeting early Aug expressed same sentiments. Arrest of retired high level army officers General Franck Rusagara, Captain David Kabuye and Colonel Tom Byabagamba confirmed 23 Aug by Ministry of Defence spokesperson. Border demarcation process between DRC and Rwanda revived, expert team 25-30 Aug assessed situation.

Rwanda

  |  1 Aug 2014

Unchanged

After Rwanda's Prime Minister Pierre Damien Habumuremyi was dismissed on 23 July, his successor Anastase Murekezi was appointed and sworn in on 24 July, along with several new ministers.

Rwanda

  |  1 Jul 2014

Unchanged

Tensions with DRC intensified (see DR Congo): President Kagame 5 June warned of increasing insecurity in north and west due to alleged DRC armed groups, also reportedly reiterated threat against those who would “destabilise the country”.

Rwanda

  |  1 Jun 2014

Unchanged

HRW 16 May published report documenting 14 missing person cases, implicated state agents; police denied allegations. Ministry of Justice early May denied media reports international inquiry proved govt involvement in dissident attacks.

Rwanda

  |  1 May 2014

Unchanged

Tensions with France increased when President Kagame emphasised France’s alleged involvement in genocide on eve of commemoration. Govt mid-April arrested popular musician and journalist, accused of involvement in opposition parties Rwanda National Congress (RNC) and Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR) plot to overthrow govt; RNC and FDLR 21 April strongly condemned arrests.

Rwanda

  |  1 Apr 2014

Unchanged

Diplomatic tensions with South Africa intensified: Johannesburg residence of Rwandan dissident and former Army Chief of Staff General Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa attacked by armed men 3 March; S Africa 7 March expelled 3 Rwandan, 1 Burundian diplomat, accused them of complicity in murder attempt; Rwanda expelled 6 S African diplomats, accused S Africa of harbouring terrorists.

Rwanda

  |  1 Mar 2014

Unchanged

UN Special Rapporteur Maina Kiai 2 Feb criticised President Kagame’s regime as dictatorial following 10-day visit to country. 6 opposition parties met 15 Feb in Brussels to discuss potential alliance. Ex-Mayor Onesphore Rwabukombe sentenced to 14 years' jail by German court for involvement in 1994 genocide. French Court de Cassation 26 Feb blocked extradition of 3 genocide suspects, overturning prior court ruling; Rwanda strongly criticised ruling.

Rwanda

  |  1 Feb 2014

Unchanged

Patrick Karegeya, former intelligence chief and co-founder of Rwanda National Congress (RNC) group of opposition leaders in exile, found dead in Johannesburg 1 Jan; 4 Rwandan suspects reportedly arrested in Mozambique, awaiting extradition to South Africa. U.S. condemned killing. UK 20 Jan stopped aid payments pending murder investigation results. UNSC 23 Jan discussed report on DRC, accused Rwanda of cooperation with M23; Kigali strongly denied.

Rwanda

  |  2 Jan 2014

Unchanged

Conviction of opposition leader Victoire Ingabire upheld on appeal, jail term increased from 8 to 15 years.

Rwanda

  |  1 Dec 2013

Unchanged

Following defeat of M23 rebels in DRC, Rwanda called on UN and Kinshasa to focus on defeating FDLR Hutu rebels operating in eastern DRC. U.S. Special Envoy to Great Lakes Russ Feingold early month said U.S. could lift sanctions on Rwanda if it is no longer supporting M23 rebels. Former presidential guard Joel Mutabazi, extradited from Uganda in Oct, charged 13 Nov alongside 14 others with terrorism, inciting revolt. French appeals court approved extradition of 2 Rwandans wanted for role in 1994 genocide.

Rwanda

  |  1 Oct 2013

Unchanged

President Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Front won parliamentary elections 16 Sept with over 76% of vote; govt reported 98.8% turnout. 2 killed, 14 injured 13-14 Sept in 2 grenade attacks, Kigali.

Rwanda

  |  1 Sep 2013

Deteriorated

Tensions with DRC escalated: govt alleged 34 bomb attacks by DRC on Rwandan territory late-Aug, said DRC “deliberately” firing rockets across border; UN and DRC govt said M23 rebels responsible for bomb attacks, DRC govt suggested M23 seeking to draw Rwanda into conflict. Govt late-Aug dispatched military convoy to border; U.S. 28 Aug called on Rwanda, DRC to avoid war; UNSG Ban reportedly called President Kagame late-Aug to urge restraint. UN 22 Aug called for investigation into “disappearance or abduction” of 3 Rwandan refugees, including 2 ex-presidential guards, from Uganda. Opposition Democratic Green Party 12 Aug said not ready for Sept polls after electoral commission took 3 years to register it, would prepare for 2017 presidential elections.

Rwanda

  |  1 Aug 2013

Unchanged

Leaked UN Group of Experts report dated 20 June said Rwanda providing “limited” support to M23 rebels in DRC. U.S. 23 July called on Rwanda to end support for M23 rebels. DRC 27 July issued arrest warrants for M23’s former president Jean-Marie Runiga and 3 other rebel leaders currently hosted as refugees in Rwanda. 2 mortars reportedly fired from DRC fell in Rubavu District 14 July. In 10 July letter to UNSC, Rwandan ambassador accused MONUSCO commanders of meeting with FDLR rebels in DRC; MONUSCO denied allegations. 11 members of Intwarane Catholic group arrested 23 July for illegal protest outside President Kagame’s residence in Kigali. 3 killed by grenade in Kigali 26 July.

Rwanda

  |  1 Jul 2013

Unchanged

President Kagame 10 June said Tanzanian President Kikwete’s suggestion that govt negotiate with FDLR rebels “utter nonsense”; Tanzanian govt refused to issue apology.

Rwanda

  |  1 Jun 2013

Unchanged

President Kagame 20 May questioned UN’s record in DRC saying in some places security has deteriorated despite peacekeepers; again rejected allegations of supporting Congolese M23 rebels.

Rwanda

  |  1 May 2013

Unchanged

Rwanda 1 April took chair of UNSC; FM Mushikiwabo expressed reservations over UN intervention in DRC, 15 April said Rwanda preferred political over military solution. Opposition leader Victoire Ingabire 16 April began appeal to Supreme Court challenging Oct 2012 genocide denial conviction.

Rwanda

  |  1 Apr 2013

Unchanged

ICC indictee Bosco Ntaganda mid-month crossed border from DRC into Rwanda, surrendered at U.S. embassy and was transferred to ICC. Several donors resumed aid programs: UK 2 March released GBP 24m for humanitarian projects. Amnesty International 25 March reported trial of opposition leader Victoire Ingabire “flawed”, international standards flouted. Govt continued tightening controls on civil society. Grenade attack 27 March killed 1, wounded 8 in Kigali.

Rwanda

  |  1 Mar 2013

Unchanged

President Kagame 17 Feb tasked 3 senior Rwandan Patriotic Front members with developing “transition formula” for end of his mandate in 2017, quelling rumours he will seek further term. Kagame 23 Feb signed DRC peace framework.

Rwanda

  |  1 Feb 2013

Unchanged

President Kagame 21 Jan said he does not oppose planned UN deployment of surveillance drones to DRC, again denied Rwandan support for M23 rebels, acknowledged difficult budget situation due to aid suspension. Germany 30 Jan announced suspended aid to Rwanda to be released. Rwanda 28 Jan expelled Belgian diplomat. 

Rwanda

  |  30 Dec 2012

Unchanged

Govt 2 Dec said FDLR rebels crossed border from DR Congo into Rwanda, killed national park warden near Musanze province. U.S. President Obama 18 Dec called for end to Rwandan support for DR Congo M23 rebels.

Rwanda

  |  1 Dec 2012

Unchanged

Govt 19 Nov accused DRC military of shelling across border in Gisenyi, wounding 3 civilians. DRC soldier shot dead, Rwandan wounded 3 Nov in Kibumba, near Goma, when several DRC soldiers crossed border. UN Group of Experts 21 Nov released new report again accusing Rwanda of supporting M23. Pressure to cut aid to Rwanda for support to DRC’s M23 rebels mounted among EU member states, U.S.; UK 30 Nov announced £21m to be withheld. Authorities 27 Nov said attack by FDLR Hutu rebel group in Rubavu district repelled, 6 FDLR killed, 2 captured.

Rwanda

  |  1 Nov 2012

Unchanged

Country won 2-year Africa seat on UNSC 18 Oct despite continued international condemnation for reported support to DRC rebels. UN group of experts report leaked mid-Oct accused Defence Minister James Kabarebe of commanding DRC M23 rebels. Opposition leader Victoire Ingabire sentenced to 8 years jail 30 Oct for “genocide denial”. Amnesty International early Oct released report alleging govt torture of detainees in run-up to 2010 election.

Rwanda

  |  1 Oct 2012

Unchanged

Govt early Sept withdrew Special Forces supporting Congolese army against Hutu rebels, ending joint operations initiated in 2010; DRC govt said Rwanda smuggling troops supporting M23 out of eastern regions. EU 25 Sept froze further budgetary support over allegations Kigali supporting M23; President Kagame 27 Sept rejected claims, warned against external solutions to DRC crisis at UN high level summit.

Rwanda

  |  1 Sep 2012

Unchanged

Govt continued to deny allegations of support to DRC M23 rebels; FM Mushikiwabo visited New York, lobbied against UN allegations. Belgian FM Didier Reynders visited late Aug, threatened to propose UN sanctions if Kigali did not halt M23 support. Govt early month requested UN investigate appointment of coordinator of UN group of experts Steve Hege, alleged he sympathises with FDLR following new report linking govt with M23 rebels. Exiled opposition members 17 Aug visited The Hague, called for ICC to bring charges against Kagame.

Rwanda

  |  1 Aug 2012

Unchanged

International pressure on Rwanda increased following UN report accusing govt of supplying weapons, ammunition, fighters to M23 rebellion in violation of UN arms embargo: U.S. 21 July announced cut to military aid; Netherlands, UK announced budget support suspension; Sweden, Germany froze aid late month.

Rwanda

  |  1 Jul 2012

Unchanged

President Kagame 18 June announced official end to community-based Gacaca courts. Govt continued to deny support to DRC mutineers; Kagame 19 June said Rwanda “scapegoat” for conflict in Kivus, 21 June called on DRC govt to take responsibility, stop blaming Kigali. FM 27 June said UN report accusing Kigali of backing mutiny incomplete, biased. Court 29 June postponed verdict in terrorism case against opposition leader Victoire Ingabire to 7 Sept.

Rwanda

  |  1 Jun 2012

Unchanged

Govt expressed security concerns following influx of over 7,000 refugees from N Kivu; 31 May accused UN of stirring regional tensions following report DRC fighters recruited in Rwanda. Police chief agreed to establishment of joint border security force to prevent infiltration by destabilising elements from DRC at meeting with Ugandan counterpart 19 May.

Rwanda

  |  1 May 2012

Unchanged

Opposition leader Victoire Ingabire 18 April withdrew from trial for genocide denial, terrorism citing lack of judicial independence, intimidation of defence witnesses. Court 27 April rejected appeal by Bernard Ntaganda, former leader of opposition PS-Imberakuri, upheld 4-year jail sentence. Supreme Court 5 April reduced sentences of 2 journalists amid continuing media reforms, clearing one of divisionism, genocide denial.

Rwanda

  |  1 Apr 2012

Unchanged

Opposition leader Charles Ntakirutinka freed after completing 10-year jail sentence for inciting civil disobedience, associating with criminals. 1 killed, 5 injured 23 March in suspected grenade attack in Musanze; 6 injured 30 March in 2 grenade attacks in Kigali.

Rwanda

  |  1 Mar 2012

Unchanged
High Court 16 Feb announced creation of international crimes chamber to try extradited suspects. Trial of Leon Mugesera, charged with planning, inciting genocide and recently deported from Canada, delayed 2 Feb to 2 April. Supreme Court 24 Feb confirmed life sentence for PDP-Imanzi party leader Deo Mushyayidi for links with rebel FDLR; party said trial politically motivated. Rwandan diplomat expelled 8 Feb from Sweden, accused of “spying” on political refugees.

Rwanda

  |  1 Feb 2012

Unchanged

2 killed, 16 wounded 3 Jan in Kigali grenade attack; 10 injured 24 Jan in grenade attack in Muhanga district. 19 accused of links with FDLR found guilty 13 Jan of launching grenade attacks since 2008; 10 sentenced to life. French court report 11 Jan exonerated President Kagame from involvement in death of former president Habyarimana that sparked 1994 genocide. Trial of opposition leader Victoire Ingabire delayed 16 Jan until 13 Feb. Supreme Court appeal of 2 journalists jailed for genocide denial began 30 Jan. Four top officers, including head of military intelligence, placed under house arrest 17 Jan, accused of indiscipline, illegally plundering Congolese minerals.

Rwanda

  |  2 Jan 2012

Unchanged

Gunman 1 Dec killed opposition journalist Charles Ingabire in Kampala; opposition Rwandan People’s Party leader claimed killing politically motivated.



Rwanda

  |  1 Dec 2011

Unchanged

Dutch Ambassador 14 Nov provided Rwandan prosecutor with documents to be used in trial of opposition United Democratic Forces (UDF)-INKINGI leader Victoire Ingabire; UDF-INKINGI 16 Nov protested in Brussels, denounced “political” trial.

Rwanda

  |  1 Nov 2011

Unchanged

Theogene Rudasingwa, former aide to President Kagame, 1 Oct accused Kagame of ordering 1994 attack against plane carrying former president Habyarimana. Opposition United Democratic Forces (FDU), whose leader Victoire Ingabire is currently on trial for supporting terrorism, 21 Oct alleged that Sylvain Sibomana, acting party SG, had vanished after being attacked by security forces.

Rwanda

  |  1 Oct 2011

Unchanged

Trial began 5 Sept of Victoire Ingabire, former presidential candidate and leader of UDF-Inkingi opposition party, arrested April 2010, on charges of genocide denial, divisionism, working with terrorist group. Callixte Mbarushimana, executive secretary of Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda (FDLR) rebels, 16 Sept appeared before ICC on charges including 2009 murder, rape of Congolese civilians. French court 28 Sept rejected extradition request for Agathe Habyarimana, widow of ex-president, accused of planning 1994 genocide.

Rwanda

  |  1 Sep 2011

Unchanged

Rwandan court 11 Aug controversially acquitted Runyinya Barabwiriza, former adviser to President Habyarimana whose death sparked 1994 genocide, of planning and participating in genocide. Opposition National Democratic Congress denounced 18 July ICTR decision to transfer some detainees to Rwanda to be judged in gacaca courts, said Rwandan judicial system arbitrary, cannot guarantee fair trial.

Rwanda

  |  1 Aug 2011

Unchanged

At least 21 injured 12 July in grenade attack in SW town Kamembe, near border with DR Congo; officials allege attack orchestrated by exiled former intelligence chief Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa. President Kagame 15 July reshuffled military, intelligence leadership. 2 killed, around 25 injured 14-15 July during forced repatriation of 1,700 Rwandan refugees from Uganda.

Rwanda

  |  1 Jul 2011

Unchanged

Rwandan police 21 June arrested 5 men suspected of planning terrorist attacks in country; officials alleged men based in North Kivu, DRC, had links to former intelligence chief Lt Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa, other exiled opposition figures. Court 20 June postponed until Sept trial of opposition leader Victoire Ingabire to allow more time for defence preparations; followed 18 June denunciation of terror, genocide ideology charges as “politically motivated” by Ingabire’s Unified Democratic Forces party. Amnesty International 3 June called for review of genocide laws, said provisions being used to stifle dissent, free speech. International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 24 June sentenced ex-minister Pauline Nyiramasuhuko to life in prison for role in 1994 genocide.

Rwanda

  |  1 Jun 2011

Unchanged

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) 17 May handed down custodial sentences to 4 former senior military commanders, including ex-army chief Augustin Bizimungu, for their involvement in 1994 genocide. Congolese armed forces 26 May said Bernard Munyagishari, militia leader during genocide, arrested in North Kivu. UK police 12 May warned 2 Rwandan dissidents living in London of “imminent threat” of assassination by Rwandan govt; Rwanda said allegations “without foundation”. Opposition Rwandan National Congress same day called for resignation of President Kagame, alleging repression, extrajudicial killings.

Rwanda

  |  1 May 2011

Unchanged

During week-long commemoration of 1994 genocide, Justice Minister Tharcisse Karugarama 12 Apr announced UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to start examining evidence 16 May against Félicien Kabuga and Protais Mpiranya, wanted for role in genocide; both remain at large. Belgian authorities 18 Apr arrested Mathias Bushishi, former magistrate wanted for helping plan massacre of Tutsis.  East African Community 19 Apr appointed Health Minister Richard Sezibera as new secretary-general. National Geology and Mining Authority 21 Apr refuted claims by NGO Global Witness that govt does little to prevent illegal trade of minerals from DRC.

Rwanda

  |  1 Apr 2011

Unchanged

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) 29 March sentenced former mayor Jean Baptist Gatete to life in prison for role in 1994 genocide, found Gatete responsible for deaths of perhaps thousands of Tutsi civilians. Belgian authorities 25 March arrested 2 suspected Interahamwe, “Camarade” and “Bomboko”, accused of participating in genocide. Grenade detonated 1 March in Kigali injuring 12 people; police arrested 5 claiming FDLR and former security officers in exile in South Africa responsible. Security issues topped 8-9 March Great Lakes economic cooperation meeting in Kigali; participants adopted new declaration including formal joint DRC-Rwanda-Burundi military force.

Rwanda

  |  1 Mar 2011

Unchanged

Kigali High Court 11 Feb handed down 4-year prison term to opposition leader Bernard Ntaganda for alleged “divisionism”, “endangering state security” and organising non-authorised demonstration June 2010.  Opposition Forces démocratiques unifiées (FDU), Rwanda National Congress (RNC) 2 Feb established mechanism of coordination to counter govt repression; emphasised non-violent nature of endeavour. Court 4 Feb sentenced 2 journalists Agnès Uwimana Nkusi and Saidath Mukakibibi, arrested July 2010, to 17, 7 years respectively for “defaming top officials”, “stirring ethnic divisions” and “inciting civil disobedience”.

Rwanda

  |  1 Feb 2011

Unchanged

Military court 14 Jan sentenced in absentia 4 exiled former allies of President Kagame found guilty of threatening state security, promoting ethnic divisions. Former director of external intelligence Patrick Karegeya and former chief of staff Kayumba Nyamwasa received 20 and 24 years; authorities 18 Jan issued international arrest warrants. French prosecutors 25 Jan confirmed transfer to The Hague of executive secretary and International Criminal Court indictee Callixte Mbarushimana, after Oct arrest. Great Lakes conference ended 21 Jan in Kigali with announcement of 2011 Action Plan; prompted speculation of military cooperation between Rwanda, Burundi and DRC to prevent formation of alleged FDLR-Mai Mai Yakatumba, Cheka-Rwandan exiles rebel alliance in eastern Congo. Kagame met Burundian President Nkurunzima 22 Jan to discuss border security, economic issues. Kigali grenade attack 28 Jan killed 2, injured at least 28; police made 4 arrests. Human Rights Watch 24 Jan annual World Report criticised West’s failure to exert pressure on “favourite African autocrats”, highlighted Kagame.

Rwanda

  |  3 Jan 2011

Unchanged

Following Nov summons to appear before military court, exiled former allies of ruling Rwandan Patriotic Front  and military officers General Kayumba Nyamwasa and Colonel Patrick Karegeya 11-12 Dec established new political party Rwanda National Congress during meeting in U.S.. Pro-govt media 6 Dec quoted excerpts of UN Expert Panel 29 Nov report linking Nyamwasa, Karegeya to east Congo-based armed groups; both men 29 Dec denied allegations.  During early Dec visit to Belgium, President Kagame 6 Dec boycotted European development conference, cancelled appointments with PM Yves Leterme, govt members after Belgian King Albert II refused to meet him.

Rwanda

  |  1 Dec 2010

Unchanged

Army 18 Nov confirmed ex-army chief of staff Lieutenant-General Faustine Kayumba Nyamwasa and 3 other former high-level officials summoned to appear in military court before 15 Dec on charges of forming terrorist group, ethnic divisionism, spreading harmful propaganda; summons follows  Aug release of their report criticising President Kagame.

 

Rwanda

  |  1 Nov 2010

Unchanged

Police 14 Oct arrested opposition United Democratic Forces leader Victoire Ingabire on charges of forming terrorist group; 26 Oct denied bail. 3 opposition parties 25 Oct called on UNSC to press for release of all “political prisoners” including Ingabire and Bernard Ntaganda, founding president of Social Party Imberakuri. Govt welcomed 11 Oct arrest in Paris of FDLR leader and ICC indictee Callixte Mbarushimana (see DRC). During mid-month China visit defence minister James Kaberebe and Chinese counterpart Liang Guanglie agreed to enhance military cooperation.

Rwanda

  |  1 Oct 2010

Unchanged

Following Aug poll victory, President Kagame sworn in for second term 6 Sept. UNSG Ban in Kigali 7 Sept to discuss UN mapping report detailing rights violations committed in DRC 1993-2003. Kagame 26 Sept withdrew threat to pull out 3,500 Rwandan troops from international peacekeeping operations; FM Mushikiwabo 30 Sept presented to UN 7 objections to report. 4 senior former RPF allies now in exile, including Kayumba Nyamwasa and Patrick Karegeya, released report late Aug warning of chaos unless Kagame shares more power with majority Hutu; called on international community to exert pressure to end rights violations, avert conflict.

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