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Homepage > Publication Type > CrisisWatch > CrisisWatch Database

CrisisWatch Database

Region / country

period from    to 

44 results found

Angola

  |  1 Oct 2011

Unchanged

Amid rising political tensions, police 3 Sept forcibly dispersed rare demonstration against President Dos Santos’s 32 year rule by hundreds of youth; attacked protesters again 8, 24 Sept. Ruling Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola 25 Sept mobilised tens of thousands to march in support for govt.



Angola

  |  1 Dec 2010

Unchanged

Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda-Armed Forces of Cabinda claimed responsibility for 9 Nov attack on military vehicle protecting convoy of Chinese miners in north, killing at least 1 soldier and driver. Over 650 reported raped since Sept as govt expelled thousands of people accused of being illegal immigrants from DR Congo (see DRC). 



Angola

  |  1 Feb 2010

Unchanged

Gunmen 8 Jan opened fire on Togo football squad in Cabinda exclave, killing 2 Togolese officials, 1 Angolan. 2 factions of 30-year insurgency Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (Flec), despite little reported activity for 2 years, claimed responsibility. Secretary-General of Flec splinter faction later announced attack was a mistake and aimed to target Angolan security guards. Authorities 11 Jan said 2 Flec members arrested for attack. Several civil rights activists also held incommunicado since attack.

Angola

  |  1 Oct 2008

Unchanged

Ruling MPLA won landslide victory in 5 Aug legislative elections; gained 82 per cent of vote and two-thirds parliamentary majority (needed to amend constitution). Opposition UNITA, with 10 per cent, conceded defeat. EU observers said vote an “advance for democracy” but fell short of international standards, citing disorganised polling in Luanda and govt monopoly over state media, institutions.

Angola

  |  1 Sep 2008

Unchanged

Campaigning began 5 Aug ahead of 5 Sept parliamentary elections, first since 1992. Opposition parties, rights groups accuse govt of extensive pre-poll abuses, including squeezing out opposition media and campaigning, interference in electoral commission. Founding UNITA member Jorge Valentim 19 Aug defected to ruling MPLA.

Angola

  |  1 Apr 2008

Unchanged

Last active faction of secessionist Front for the Liberation of the Cabinda Enclave (FLEC) reportedly killed 3 soldiers, 1 foreign worker in separate attacks in oil-rich Cabinda region 3 March. Group demanded resolution of Cabinda’s status, vowed ongoing fight against “domination” and Luanda-controlled foreign investment. Government dismissed FLEC claims; suggested attack criminal. Government 20 March announced plan to disarm civilians of civil war firearms.

Angola

  |  2 Jan 2008

Unchanged

President dos Santos announced 5-6 September 2008 date for parliamentary elections, first fixed date set since polls first agreed 2004.

Angola

  |  1 Apr 2007

Unchanged

Security cooperation deal signed with Zimbabwe, but Luanda denied reports of paramilitary police deployment to Harare to support crackdown there. It further denied reports Angolan troops supported DR Congo army during confrontations in Kinshasa that killed hundreds. In sign of renewed fighting in Cabinda, FLEC rebels claimed 12 army soldiers killed. President dos Santos, in power since 1979, said “natural candidate” for 2009 elections by MPLA party.

Angola

  |  2 Jan 2007

Unchanged

Government announced new delay in forthcoming elections, citing difficulties of voter registration process: legislative round now due 2008, presidential 2009. Limited voter registration began in November; due to end by June. Delay likely to increase tension with opposition parties, including UNITA, as dos Santos had in 2004 promised 2006 elections.

Angola

  |  1 Dec 2006

Unchanged

Voter registration began ahead of first elections since 1992. No date set yet for 2007 poll to select president and legislature. 63 members of opposition arrested in attempted protest over alleged government embezzlement of public funds.

Angola

  |  1 Nov 2006

Unchanged

UNITA opposition party called for government dialogue with factions of Cabindan society opposed to September peace treaty signed by FLEC-FAC faction. UN World Food Programme announced would end aid to continent’s second-largest oil producer by year-end.

Angola

  |  1 Sep 2006

Improved

Peace deal signed with Front for the Liberation of Cabinda Enclave separatists following July ceasefire, but smaller factions refused to sign. Parliament approved amnesty deal for separatists and pledged Cabindan integration into civil service and army.

Angola

  |  1 Aug 2006

Improved

Government signed ceasefire agreement with Cabinda separatist umbrella group Forum for Dialogue, ending 30-year conflict and providing greater autonomy for enclave. Agreement includes immediate reduction of government troops in Cabinda, and amnesty for separatists to be approved by parliament.

Angola

  |  1 May 2006

Unchanged

Speculation surrounding health of President Dos Santos increased after he visited Brazil for second time in month. 3 soldiers killed in northeast in ambush by FLEC Cabinda separatists.

Angola

  |  1 Apr 2006

Unchanged

Government claimed negotiations held on “special status” of Cabinda enclave, but civil society and FLEC separatists denied talks took place.

Angola

  |  1 Mar 2006

Unchanged

President Eduardo Dos Santos indicated presidential elections to be postponed until 2007 to allow for infrastructure repair and voter registration.

Angola

  |  1 Feb 2006

Unchanged

UNITA president, Isaias Samakuva, told European Parliament human rights abuses in Angola now routine and troubled Cabinda province merits special attention.

Angola

  |  2 Jan 2006

Unchanged

Forced removal of residents from Luanda’s Cambamba suburbs raised concern of imminent land conflict.

Angola

  |  1 Oct 2005

Unchanged

Concern over increasing incidents of politically-motivated violence between ruling MPLA and opposition UNITA parties as Angola prepares for first post-war poll; parties agreed to hold simultaneous presidential/legislative elections mid-2006.

Angola

  |  1 Sep 2005

Deteriorated

National Electoral Commission took office 19 August; initial task to register voters for first post-war elections in 2006. Opposition party UNITA accused government of using position to campaign unfairly ahead of time. First repatriation in 2 years of Angolan refugees to northern Cabinda enclave began.

Angola

  |  1 Aug 2005

Deteriorated

Supreme Court ruled law barring President dos Santos from running in next election unconstitutional. Government troops reportedly undertaking major offensive against Cabindan FLEC separatist rebels.

Angola

  |  1 Jul 2005

Deteriorated

Debate continued over preparations for September 2006 elections. President Dos Santos asked Supreme Court to rule on constitutionality of electoral law.

Angola

  |  1 Jun 2005

Deteriorated

Clashes reported between government forces and separatists in oil-rich Cabinda province; FLEC separatists claimed 20 Angolan troops killed Buco Zau and Necuto regions; denied by provincial authorities. FLEC said Angolan forces massing Congo-Brazzaville and DR Congo in preparation for June offensive. Angolan reconstruction to cost $30b over next decade according to World Bank.

Angola

  |  1 May 2005

Unchanged

Opposition parties walked out of parliamentary commission, complaining National Electoral Commission, designed to oversee 2006 elections, controlled by ruling MPLA party; national assembly subsequently agreed electoral bill 26 April by 120 to 60 votes.

Angola

  |  1 Apr 2005

Unchanged

Rights groups claimed government providing inadequate aid to returnees; repatriation planned to end October 2005 – but refugees from oil-rich Cabinda unwilling to return.

  • “Coming home”, Human Rights Watch report, 17 Mar. 2005.
  • For background, see Crisis Group Africa Report N°61, Angola’s Choice: Reform or Regress, 7 Apr. 2003.

Angola

  |  1 Mar 2005

Unchanged

Army accused of continuing human rights abuse in oil-rich Cabinda province.

Angola

  |  1 Feb 2005

Unchanged

Debate began on preparations for scheduled September 2006 elections: key issues include voter registration, role of electoral commission, and concerns over highly-armed civilian population. Angola’s first justice ombudsman appointed; human rights activists criticised opaque process, forcing public hearing. Oil began to flow from Bomboco field in separatist Cabinda province; tens of thousands took part in autonomy march 31 January.

Angola

  |  1 Jan 2005

Unchanged

UNHCR announced 50,000 refugees repatriated in 2004, short of 90,000 objective. Human Rights Watch claimed large-scale human rights abuse Cabinda province following defeat of separatist insurgency.

Angola

  |  1 Dec 2004

Unchanged

Post-conflict recovery ongoing. Government promised clamp-down on diamond smuggling.

Angola

  |  1 Nov 2004

Unchanged

Dispute threatening access of World Food Program to Angola resolved 25 October as suspended aid flights resumed. Deepwater oil reserves discovered off coast of Republic of Congo and Angola’s separatist Cabinda province.

Angola

  |  1 Oct 2004

Unchanged

Embattled separatist factions in oil-rich Cabinda province agreed merger 8 September. Cabindan separatists hoped step will force substantive negotiations with Luanda. UN began voluntary repatriation program for Angolan refugees with air-lift from Namibia; process to be completed before rainy season makes transport impossible.

Angola

  |  1 Sep 2004

Improved

Angolan government announced election planned for September 2006, but conditional on series of technical and constitutional steps to provide electoral framework. UNITA former rebel movement welcomed long-awaited move and returned to electoral commission 26 August, but criticised earlier prevarication and late election date.

Angola

  |  1 Aug 2004

Unchanged

Moves towards renewed talks on setting election date between government and UNITA despite fears SPLA government hoping to delay till outside limit of 2006, as suggested by Council of Republic Presidential advisers; UNITA calling for 2005 date. Meanwhile, Angola signed up to regionally-backed African Peer Review Mechanism.

Angola

  |  1 Jul 2004

Unchanged

Luanda government launched $370 million social/economic plan for troubled Cabinda province 3 June, meeting with local scepticism. UNITA welcomed governing MPLA moves toward renewed dialogue on 2005 elections, but questioned conditions MPLA says must be fulfilled before ballot can go ahead.

Angola

  |  1 Jun 2004

Unchanged

President Dos Santos visited Washington D.C., insisting “there is no war” in Angola’s tiny but oil-rich Cabinda province, but sources on ground claim ongoing tension between as many as 30,000 Angolan troops and separatist FLEC-FAC forces. Opposition UNITA party walked out of talks on 2005 election 12 May, blaming government stalling. In positive move 20 May, Angola promised 45-day suspension of expulsion of illegal Congolese (DRC) diamond miners which had destabilised DR Congo/Angola relationship.

Angola

  |  1 May 2004

Deteriorated

Security forces raping and killing illegal Congolese diamond miners and families, with tens of thousands expelled, according to UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Expelled miners later attacked Angolan refugees in DR Congo. In positive move towards greater transparency, government agreed to share some oil revenue information with IMF.

Angola

  |  1 Apr 2004

Unchanged

Rebels in oil rich Cabinda peninsula claimed 4 March 47 government soldiers killed in clashes in prior weeks - government denied.

Angola

  |  1 Mar 2004

Unchanged

Government official said national elections may not be held for 2 years. Main opposition party, UNITA, accused government of deliberately delaying electoral process. Government set up new body to regulate loosely controlled diamond industry.

Angola

  |  1 Feb 2004

Unchanged

Human Rights Watch report claimed more than U.S.$4 billion in oil revenue disappeared from Angolan government coffers from 1997-2002, roughly equal to entire sum government spent on social programs in same period. Government rejected claims.

Angola

  |  1 Jan 2004

Unchanged

President dos Santos re-elected as head of ruling MPLA party – allowing him to run again in national elections to be held after 2004. Six Angolan workers for CARE killed by landmine 12 December.

  • “Dos Santos at the helm”, IRIN, 17 Dec. 2003.
  • For background, see ICG Africa Report N°61, Angola’s Choice: Reform or Regress, 7 Apr. 2003.

Angola

  |  1 Dec 2003

Unchanged

Delivery of humanitarian assistance impeded by landmines, poor roads and approaching wet season. DR Congo and Congo-Brazzaville military chiefs offered full co-operation to Angola to deal with secessionists in oil rich province of Cabinda. Continued human rights abuses by Angolan army alleged in Cabinda, denied by government.

Angola

  |  1 Nov 2003

Unchanged

UN World Food Programme says Angola has moved from crisis mode to recovery, and that about 3.8m people have returned to their areas of origin.

Angola

  |  1 Oct 2003

Unchanged

Continued fighting between government and separatist rebels in oil-rich Cabinda enclave.

Angola

  |  1 Sep 2003

Unchanged

Following death of UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi in February 2002, UNITA has demobilised but most of its ex-combatants yet to be reintegrated into civilian life. National elections planned for 2004 or 2005. Millions displaced during war still not resettled.

 
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