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CrisisWatch Database

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114 results found
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Haiti

  |  1 Apr 2014

Unchanged

President Martelly said long-delayed senatorial and municipal elections, initially due 2011, “could take place in summer”; opposition parties appeared sceptical of president’s commitment to polls. UN Independent Expert on Human Rights in Haiti 2 March said UN “should be first to honour” principle of compensation for victims of rights violations; victims’ lawyers demanding $100,000 compensation for every person who died, $50,000 for each who became ill from cholera epidemic blamed on UN peacekeepers; UN argued it is immune from such claims under Convention on Privileges and Immunities.

Haiti

  |  1 Oct 2013

Unchanged

Organization of American States said it is preparing to send mission to Haiti to help observe 2-year delayed partial Senatorial elections, but doubts remained on possibility to hold elections as promised before end-2013. Legislative proposals for impeachment of president and PM complicating hopes for compromise. Several thousand supporters of former president Aristide demonstrated against President Martelly in capital Port-au-Prince 30 Sept.

Haiti

  |  1 Sep 2013

Unchanged

Senate committee investigating death of judge Jean-Serge Joseph who had launched corruption investigation against President Martelly’s wife and son 8 Aug called for President Martelly to be charged with high treason and PM and justice minister to resign, stating executive had interfered with judicial process.

Haiti

  |  1 Aug 2013

Unchanged

President Martelly denied involvement in 13 July death of judge who had investigated corruption charges against his wife and son; Senate ordered investigation. Group of international scientists studying deadly cholera epidemic concluded UN peacekeepers most likely source.

Haiti

  |  1 Jun 2013

Unchanged

Victims of ongoing cholera epidemic 8 May gave UN 60-day deadline to begin talks on compensation or face legal action. Former President Aristide 8 May appeared in court as part of ongoing murder investigation into unsolved assassination of journalist Jean Léopold Dominique in 2000. UNSG Ban appointed Trinidadian diplomat Sandra Honoré as SRSG and head of MINUSTAH.

Haiti

  |  1 Mar 2013

Unchanged

Former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier 21 Feb filed last-minute appeal to avoid attending court hearing over allegations of crimes against humanity; court 24 Feb ordered Duvalier to appear before 28 Feb hearing; Duvalier complied. UN 21 Feb formally rejected compensation claims by victims of cholera outbreak which left nearly 8,000 dead.

Haiti

  |  30 Dec 2012

Unchanged

UN launched appeals to fight cholera epidemic that has killed almost 8,000 people and deal with aftermath of tropical storm Sandy. Bishop Pierre-André Dumas 20 Dec announced Religions for Peace would withdraw as mediator if executive and legislature fail to reach agreement by Christmas on electoral council to organise overdue polls; agreement reached 24 Dec.

Haiti

  |  1 Dec 2012

Unchanged

Police/MINUSTAH troops 13 Nov dispersed demonstrators protesting 10 Nov killing of student. 3 police killed by unknown gunmen in separate incidents in carrefour Gérald Bataille, Delmas 21, downtown Port-au-Prince. President Martelly urged EU to consider free-trade deal with Haiti during 20 Nov speech at European Parliament. Torrential rains 9-10 Nov left at least 16 dead in North department. Haitian National Police 22 Nov arrested some 30 people claiming to be military in possession of uniforms, military IDs, locally-made weapons in Bon Repos, north of capital. Govt 26 Nov launched Framework for Coordination of Foreign Development Aid.

Haiti

  |  1 Nov 2012

Unchanged
Thousands of opposition supporters marched in Port-au-Prince and other cities 30 Sept, 6, 8, 14, 17 Oct to demand President Martelly’s resignation. Police violently dispersed protest in Petit-Goâve 4 Oct. 1 person reportedly killed by gunshot during protest in Fort-Liberté 8 Oct; protesters clashed with police, later burned police station. UN Security Council 17 Oct renewed MINUSTAH mandate for another year. Hurricane Sandy left 51 reported dead, 200,000 displaced, estimates of millions of dollars in damages.

Haiti

  |  1 Oct 2012

Unchanged

Thousands demonstrated in Cap-Haïtien 20-21 Sept, 30 Sept to protest price increases, govt’s unfulfilled campaign promises. Superior Judiciary Council 25 Sept announced plan to repeat vote for electoral council representatives following controversy over initial nominations. President Martelly 27 Sept asked UNSG Ban for MINUSTAH troop reduction, redefinition of mandate with focus on development.

Haiti

  |  1 Sep 2012

Unchanged

PM Lamothe 6 Aug announced cabinet reshuffle, including replacement of Interior Minister Mayard-Paul, Environment Minister Toussaint, Education Minister Paul. 6 members of provisional electoral commission (CEP) representing executive, judicial branches (CSPJ) sworn into office 1 Aug amid objections from parliament, political parties, civil society groups alleging executive influence on CSPJ in nomination of representatives. President Martelly’s Chief of Staff Milfort mid-month formed new political party, Parti Haïtien Tèt Kale (PHTK); Martelly reportedly affiliated, but not member.

Haiti

  |  1 Aug 2012

Unchanged

President Martelly 3 July published presidential order appointing 9 members of Supreme Judiciary Council (CSPJ), elections announced for year-end; electoral council members yet to be named. Appeal hearing on human rights charges against Jean-Claude Duvalier set for 23 July reportedly postponed indefinitely. Clashes over 23 July land eviction in Marigot left 8 civilians, 5 policemen dead; Marigot residents called on MINUSTAH to investigate deaths.

Haiti

  |  1 Jul 2012

Unchanged

President Martelly 19 June released amended constitution giving Haitians residing abroad right to own land, vote in elections, bid for local public offices; amendments also provide for formation of permanent electoral council and constitutional council. Govt 6 June confirmed continuation of compensation to ex-soldiers despite May violence. At least 1,000 demonstrated 26 June in Port-au-Prince against govt plans to clear shantytowns.

Haiti

  |  1 Jun 2012

Improved

Following 6 months of increasing instability, FM Lamothe confirmed as new PM 3 May; political parties declined Lamothe’s invitation to form unity govt; opposition member Rodolphe Joazile appointed defence minister. Police with support of MINUSTAH began action against ad hoc military groups occupying state property since Jan; 2 former soldiers arrested 6 May; police 19 May shut down former military base in Lamentin. Some 50 people, including 2 U.S. citizens, arrested 18 May during march led by military that turned violent near presidential palace.

Haiti

  |  1 May 2012

Unchanged

Senate 10 April confirmed FM Laurent Lamothe new PM; Lower House vote awaited. Following 17 April occupation of Lower House by ad-hoc military groups, State Secretary for Public Security Reginald Delva 23 April announced solution to occupations imminent. Defence Minister Thierry Mayard-Paul 25 April announced military compensation plan; groups declared intention to continue occupation of public spaces until joint staff formed. Following killings of 3 police officers in 48 hours, including 1 killed following arrest of driver of MP Rodriguez Séjour, Haitian National Police threatened nationwide strike; 3 persons close to Séjour held by authorities. Haitian and Dominican Republic authorities launched investigations into alleged plot to destabilise Martelly govt. 

Haiti

  |  1 Apr 2012

Unchanged

President Martelly 1 March named FM Laurent Lamothe as PM; legislature confirmation date still not announced. Senate dual-nationality probe continued; Martelly 8 March presented 8 Haitian passports in attempt to end doubts over his nationality. Govt 15-day ultimatum ordering ad hoc military groups to vacate barracks/occupied buildings expired 16 March, Justice Minister Pierre Michel Brunache 22 March ordered police to turn groups out, use force if necessary. Leader of remobilised soldiers Commander Samson Chery 25 March said troops will resist if police given orders to evict them; member of govt panel on army reconstitution 31 March said panel urged president to appoint interim commander to control ex-soldiers.

Haiti

  |  1 Mar 2012

Deteriorated

PM Conille’s 24 Feb resignation amid reports of discord within top political leadership plunged country into renewed state of political uncertainty. Several thousand Aristide supporters demonstrated 29 Feb against President Martelly. Military-clad persons, some ex-army soldiers, occupied former military posts across country throughout month; made calls for reconstituting army; UN 16 Feb said police best body for providing security. Senate 14 Feb announced ultimatum ordering govt members to turn in travel documents for scrutiny of nationality within 48 hours or face impeachment. Clash between State University students and Martelly supporters 17 Feb in Port-au-Prince reportedly left several injured. Fanmi Lavalas party supporters demonstrated 7 Feb, burned photos of Martelly.

Haiti

  |  1 Feb 2012

Unchanged

President Martelly 1 Jan announced resumption of reconstitution of army; French FM Juppé 27 Jan said France ready to help build new security force to combat smuggling, secure borders; concerns over potential negative impact on development of Haitian National Police (HNP) remained unaddressed. Discord between executive and legislative continued over elections, formation of Electoral Council, publication of constitutional amendments, outstanding judicial appointments. Rare anti-Martelly protest 9 Jan demanded govt pay 36 months’ worth of public sector salary arrears, called for removal of president on grounds he holds other nationalities. Following 19 Jan installation of Supreme Court vice-president Jules Cantave, govt announced plans to swear in Superior Judiciary Council (CSPJ) Feb 2012. 7 HNP officers jailed 20 Jan over killing of at least 10 prisoners in aftermath of 2010 earthquake. Martelly 26 Jan announced possible decision to pardon Duvalier in interest of national reconciliation; judge announced 30 Jan Duvalier to face trial for corruption, not human rights violations.

Haiti

  |  2 Jan 2012

Unchanged

President Martelly 6 Dec published controversial order naming commission to reconstitute army, expected to present plan for reconstitution within 40 days. Martelly 30 Dec dismissed 9-person electoral council to make way for planned legislative, local elections. Police officer killed early Dec by unidentified assailants, bringing total number killed in 2011 to 30. Criticism of MINUSTAH continued as National Network for Defence of Human Rights accused Brazilian patrol of beating 3 men in Cité Soleil. UN OHCHR 27 Dec urged authorities to investigate, prosecute police suspected of unlawful killings and torture after 2 UN reports raised concerns that illegal use of force by police may have led to 9 deaths since Oct 2010. Car of rights activist Kettly Julien attacked by unidentified assailants 27 Dec.

Haiti

  |  1 Dec 2011

Unchanged

Increased political uncertainty as tensions continued in parliament over 27 Oct arrest of MP Arnel Bélizaire. Justice Minister Josué Pierre-Louis resigned 22 Nov; PM Conille and Interior Minister Thierry Mayard-Paul avoided confidence vote 23 Nov. Senator Moïse Jean-Charles demanded action be taken against President Martelly over case; Martelly denies involvement, 23 Nov wrote letter to Haitian people calling for peace and reconciliation. Martelly 18 Nov postponed publication of controversial decree to reinstate national army, announced creation of special commission to plan army reconstitution. Continued concerns over insecurity; National Coalition of Haitian Rights 15 Nov reported 98 killed, hundreds injured in gun violence since 1 Oct; victims include advisor to national palace, police officers. 7 injured by gunfire 28 Nov during violent demonstration in Cité Soleil calling for departure of city council head.

Haiti

  |  1 Nov 2011

Unchanged

Following months of political gridlock, Senate 5 Oct approved PM Garry Conille, 3rd candidate nominated by President Martelly; parliament 15 Oct approved new cabinet. Martelly 12 Oct met former Presidents Aristide and Duvalier in effort to promote reconciliation; discussed creation of council of former presidents to build national consensus. UNSC 14 Oct announced withdrawal of 2,750 MINUSTAH troops, returning to pre-earthquake total of 9,500; extended mandate until Oct 2012. Increasing concerns over Martelly’s announcement of 18 Nov decree on national army reinstatement; UN SRSG Mariano Fernandez 26 Oct said new army would require new agreement with UN. Fernandez expressed concern over 27 Oct arrest of MP Arnel Bélizaire; parliament 28 Oct called for resignation of Ministers of Justice and Interior, Sec State for Foreign Affairs, state prosecutor.

Haiti

  |  1 Oct 2011

Unchanged

Progress on nomination of new PM and selection of cabinet, as Chamber of Deputies 19 Sept unanimously approved President Martelly’s 3rd nominee for PM Garry Conille, despite questions over constitutionality of his candidacy. Concerns raised by parliamentarians and legal experts over Martelly’s unilateral designation of Directors General of some public institutions. Controversy over MINUSTAH as Uruguayan President apologised for alleged rape of Haitian male by 4 Uruguayan peacekeepers at UN base; UN began review of enforcement of zero-tolerance policy. Violent student protests in Port-au-Prince calling for withdrawal of MINUSTAH troops, also protests in Port Salut. Senate 18 Sept passed resolution for MINUSTAH’s withdrawal in 3 years and formation of a new army. National Defence and Security Committee 22 Sept presented preliminary strategy for creation of 3,500-strong army beginning 2012. Addressing UNGA 23 Sept Martelly said continued MINUSTAH presence needed. Increased fears over decline in security; former central chief of Judiciary Police Jean Denis Fortin found shot dead 3 Sept, public notary Emile Giordani kidnapped and killed late Aug.

Haiti

  |  1 Sep 2011

Unchanged

President Martelly yet to form govt or appoint PM: Senate 2 August rejected Martelly’s 2nd PM nominee Bernard Gousse. Co-chair of reconstruction committee IHRC Bill Clinton stressed urgency of forming govt to move forward with reconstruction. IHRC 18 Aug announced new $78mn housing project to resettle some 30,000 IDPs. Shootings in Port-au-Prince continued amid deteriorating security: shots fired 19 Aug at Justice and Public Security ministry, no injuries.

Haiti

  |  1 Aug 2011

Unchanged

PM Martelly 6 July announced 2nd PM nominee, former Justice Minister Bernard Gousse; likely to be rejected by Senate, where party of ex-president Préval (Inité) holds majority. Martelly yet to form govt. MINUSTAH 14 July announced operation involving 2,100 peacekeepers against resurgent gangs in Port-au-Prince slums. Martelly 22 July announced he will ask parliament to extend reconstruction commission IHRC’s mandate by 1 year, called on IHRC to prioritise resettlement of hundreds of thousands displaced by earthquake. 29 arrested after Martelly’s presidential motorcade attacked during 26 July visit to Cap-Haïtien. MP Dionald Polyte (Inité, Grande Anse) killed 25 July in allegedly accidental shooting by bodyguard; police said investigating incident.

Haiti

  |  1 Jul 2011

Unchanged

Parliament 21 June rejected President Martelly’s PM nominee Daniel-Gerard Rouzier; 42 voted against, most from ex-President Préval’s Inité party.

Haiti

  |  1 Jun 2011

Unchanged

President Martelly inaugurated 14 May; Martelly 20 May nominated economist Daniel-Gerard Rouzier as new PM. Provisional electoral commission (CEP) 11 May reversed results in 15 of 19 contested parliamentary seats previously awarded to Inité party in March election; U.S. criticised decision, said none of remaining seats should have gone to Inité. Independent report commissioned by UNSG Ban 4 May indicated Nepali UN peacekeepers likely source of 2010 cholera outbreak. UN OCHA warned rainy season could revive epidemic. Martelly 5 May said he wants MINUSTAH to leave between 2012 and 2015, to be replaced by restored national army he wants to create during his tenure. Ban 16 May appointed former Chilean FM Mariano Fernández new head of MINUSTAH. Parliament 9 May approved constitutional changes allowing diaspora to vote in national elections, run for local govt office.

Haiti

  |  1 May 2011

Unchanged

Provisional electoral council (CEP) 20 Apr declared Michel Martelly winner of March presidential run-off vote with 68%. Low 23% turnout; Martelly to be inaugurated 14 May. Martelly’s Repons Pezyizan party only won 3 seats in lower house, none in Senate, necessitating collaboration with ruling Inité party. U.S. 22 Apr questioned CEP’s declaration of 19 legislative candidates winners, most from Inité party, despite their low tallies in preliminary results; OAS-CARICOM observers 29 Apr recommended annulling final vote count for contested seats, accepting preliminary results. International Organisation for Migration 1 Apr reported some 680,000 left in post-earthquake camps, down from 1.5 million in July 2010, but said still desperate lack of housing.

Haiti

  |  1 Apr 2011

Unchanged

Delayed presidential runoff vote held 20 March; international observers said vote free and fair despite “isolated” violence that killed at least 2; preliminary results delayed until 4 April; final results due 16 April. Ex-President Aristide 18 March returned to Haiti after 7-year exile; U.S. criticised return as disruptive of election process. Aristide said ban of his Fanmi Lavalas (FL) party unfair; FL now likely to contest partial senate, local elections due in 2011.

Haiti

  |  1 Mar 2011

Unchanged

Provisional electoral council 3 Feb announced official results from 28 Nov presidential elections: Michel Martelly and Mirlande Manigat to contest 20 March run-off, leaving out governing Inite party candidate Jude Célestin, who accepted ruling; U.S., OAS praised decision. Analysts warned of possible renewed fraud in run-off unless technical capacity to organise election strengthened. Govt 7 Feb confirmed 3-month extension of President Preval’s term to 14 May. Govt 9 Feb issued diplomatic passport to ex-President Aristide, ousted in 2004 popular revolt; U.S. said Aristide’s return before run-off vote could be "distracting".

Haiti

  |  1 Feb 2011

Unchanged

Post-election turmoil continued with uncertainty ahead of 2 Feb release of final results. OAS report leaked 12 Jan noted widespread fraud in Nov vote, recommended exclusion of 51,000 fraudulent votes, eliminating President Préval’s favoured candidate Jude Célestin and putting Mirlande Manigat and Michel Martelly in runoff. Despite intense U.S.-led international pressure, provisional electoral council (CEP) 18 Jan said will not alter official results, despite OAS recommendation. Ruling party Inité 26 Jan announced withdrawal of Célestin, but Célestin himself refused to pull out. CEP 29 Jan announced final results will be released 2 Feb, runoff to take place 20 March. Former dictator Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier 16 Jan made surprise return to Haiti, unclear why. Duvalier 18 Jan charged with corruption, embezzlement during his rule. UN OCHA 6 Jan said it had only received 25% of requested US$174mn aid to counter cholera epidemic. On anniversary of earthquake, aid groups sharply criticised slow rebuilding process, ineffectiveness of reconstruction commission: 1 million still displaced, only 5% of rubble cleared.

Haiti

  |  3 Jan 2011

Unchanged

Post-election confusion continued amid widespread accusations of fraud against President Préval. Preliminary results 8 Dec showed Mirlande Manigat and pro-govt candidate Jude Celestin heading for Jan run-off vote, but final results yet to be announced as OAS-led international panel reviewing numerous claims of fraud. Panel arrived 26 Dec, findings expected mid-Jan. At least 5 people killed in demonstrations against preliminary results 8 Dec, led by supporters of third-placed candidate Michel Martelly; Martelly trailed Celestin by 7,000 votes, despite preliminary and partial estimates showing him ahead of Celestin. Joint EU, OAS, UN statement 13 Dec urged govt to use “all legal means” to ensure credible election result. Close to 2,800 killed in cholera outbreak during month; UNSG Ban 17 Dec announced independent panel to investigate if disease originated with MINUSTAH peacekeepers.

Haiti

  |  1 Dec 2010

Deteriorated

12 of 18 presidential candidates, all tied to opposition, initially denounced "massive fraud" on morning of 28 Nov presidential, legislative elections. Of the 12, all but 2 – who exit polls indicated among leading candidates – later filed for annulment of vote; demonstrations across country as undetermined number unable to vote due to organisational problems. Govt claimed vote went "well", OAS and Caricom observers 29 Nov said vote valid despite "serious irregularities", criticised opposition move; final results expected from 5 Dec. Cholera epidemic worsened: close to 2,000 killed since Oct; 5 of 10 districts affected, first cases confirmed in Port-au-Prince early month. At least 3 civilians killed mid-month in violent anti-MINUSTAH demonstrations triggered by widespread rumours that cholera originated with Nepalese peacekeepers; protests started in Cap-Haitien and Hinche, spread to capital 18 Nov; UN denies rumours. UN 12 Nov warned more than 200,000 at risk of contracting disease, epidemic likely to last for months; requested US$164mn in aid over next year.

Haiti

  |  1 Nov 2010

Unchanged

Cholera epidemic starting mid month killed at least 330, infected 4,800; govt said stabilising by 25 Oct, but feared could still spread to overcrowded capital, including IDP camps. MINUSTAH 28 Oct “categorically denied” accusations that epidemic caused by poor sanitation at one of its bases. In response to growing post-earthquake violence and gang activity, MINUSTAH boosted police presence in worst-affected Port-au-Prince slums. UNSC 14 Oct renewed MINUSTAH mandate for 1 year.



 


 

Haiti

  |  1 Oct 2010

Unchanged

UN 1 Sept warned of violence in context of Nov elections, citing increased arms trafficking and gang control over IDP camps, 13 Sept announced program to curb spiralling gender-based violence in camps. Election campaign officially began 27 Sept amid continued controversy over electoral council’s independence. Political organisations and candidates from across political spectrum registered for elections; 4 groups along with Fanmi Lavalas factions announced intention to call for boycott. 24 Sept storm killed 6, affected 11,000 families, 162 IDP camps, Port-au-Prince.




 

Haiti

  |  1 Sep 2010

Unchanged

Provisional electoral council (CEP) 20 Aug rejected 15 of 34 candidates for 28 Nov presidential election, including hip hop star Wyclef Jean and several other candidates linked to diaspora; CEP facing mounting criticism over perceived bias towards President Préval. In surprise move, Préval 7 Aug endorsed head of govt construction company Jude Célestin as official candidate of ruling INITE party over ex-PM Jacques Édouard Alexis. Ex-President Aristide’s Fanmi Lavalas (FL) party for first time facing prospect of split vote as several ex-FL members bidding for president under different banners. Post-earthquake reconstruction commission IHRC 17 Aug announced US$1.6bn in rebuilding projects, first major lot of projects announced since commission created March.


 

Haiti

  |  1 Aug 2010

Unchanged

6-month anniversary of Jan earthquake marked by mounting criticism of slow reconstruction process: UN said only 10% of US$2.5bn needed for reconstruction had been disbursed through 30 June; reconstruction commission IHRC yet to propose specific rebuilding projects. IMF 21 July cancelled Haiti’s US$268mn debt, approved new 3-year US$60mn loan. Some 72 parties registered for Nov presidential and legislative elections; several, including banned Fanmi Lavalas of ex-President Aristide, continued to condition their participation on President Préval resigning or restructuring Provisional Electoral Council (CEP); Préval rejected calls.



 

Haiti

  |  1 Jul 2010

Unchanged

Aid agencies warned vast majority of camps holding some 1.5m displaced by Jan earthquake still not prepared for ongoing hurricane season. UN, national police 18 June arrested 30 in Port-au-Prince camp amidst reports of heightened insecurity, sexual violence within camps. UNSC 4 June agreed to temporarily increase police contingent by 680 officers. Amid international pressure President Préval 30 June scheduled presidential, parliamentary elections for 28 Nov, but did not restructure Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) despite opposition calls for dismissal of its members. Late month U.S. Senate report expressed concern with slow pace of rebuilding effort, called on President Préval to be more actively involved.

Haiti

  |  1 Jun 2010

Unchanged

Amid rising political tensions, govt officials and aid agencies continued to warn heavy rains could trigger floods, landslides affecting 1.3m IDPs left homeless by Jan earthquake. Police in Port-au-Prince 11 May fired tear gas at 2,000 demonstrators calling for President Préval to stand down in largest political protests since earthquake; followed parliament vote to allow Préval to stay in office for 3 months after mandate ends Feb 2011 if successor not elected by then. Préval 18 May promised to step down at end of his term as originally scheduled. Govt, UN 26 May announced joint commission of inquiry into alleged killing of prisoners by police in post-quake Les Cayes riot.

Haiti

  |  1 May 2010

Unchanged

Provision of safe shelter for 1.3m IDPs from Jan earthquake continued to pose major challenges to govt, UN and relief agencies. UN mid-month started moving thousands out of “high risk” camps endangered by approaching rainy season, but response remains uneven. President Préval 13 Apr pledged to hold legislative, presidential elections before end 2010 in line with constitution; UN, OAS to evaluate govt’s capacity to stage elections Apr-May. Parliament approved bill 16 Apr to extend state of emergency, imposed after earthquake, for further 18 months; and to create Interim Haiti Reconstuction Commission (IHRC) to oversee post-quake reconstruction. Opposition criticised: said bill undermines transparency of upcoming elections; IHRC, comprising both nationals and internationals, violates country’s sovereignty. U.S. military 19 Apr confirmed end of formal relief mission to Haiti 1 June, but will leave 500 soldiers for humanitarian assistance. PM Bellerive 28 Apr endorsed UNSG recommendation for 18-24 month “scaling up” of MINUSTAH activities.

Haiti

  |  1 Apr 2010

Improved

Donors pledged US$5.3bn in short-term aid over next 2 years at 31 March UN-led donors conference, additional US$3.7bn in long-term aid; UNSG Ban said donations “far exceeded expectations”. U.S. State Sec Clinton 9 March urged Haiti to hold delayed legislative elections “as soon as possible”; President Preval yet to set new election date. Préval mid-month confirmed he will not stand for presidential re-election after end of his term Feb 2011. U.S. troops started withdrawal 7 March, 10,000-strong MINUSTAH to take over security.

Haiti

  |  1 Mar 2010

Unchanged

Govt 9 Feb raised Jan earthquake death toll to 230,000, President Préval 21 Feb said final toll could reach 300,000; more than 1m displaced. Inter-American Development Bank 16 Feb estimated reconstruction cost at US$14bn; UN 18 Feb launched US$1.44bn aid appeal. U.S. 13 Feb announced it will cut troops to 13,000 after security situation had stabilised. Opposition during month repeatedly accused Préval of ineffectiveness, passivity in recovery work; called for govt dismissal or formation of consensus govt. Legislative elections remain indefinitely postponed, raising questions of democratic institutions’ legitimacy as parliamentary terms expire May.

Haiti

  |  1 Feb 2010

Deteriorated

Up to 200,000 feared dead in devastating 12 Jan earthquake, several hundred thousand others displaced. Some 13,500 U.S. troops deployed amidst reports of growing violence, deteriorating security in scramble for limited aid resources, but situation stabilising end-month. Widespread damage to infrastructure and govt institutions, largely reversing progress made on institutional strengthening in recent years. UNSC 19 Jan authorised additional 3,500 troops, police to MINUSTAH peacekeeping mission; some 100 UN staff, including mission leadership, killed in earthquake. President Préval 27 Jan said 28 Feb parliamentary elections delayed, no new date set.

Haiti

  |  4 Jan 2010

Unchanged

Opposition groups continued protests against Provisional Electoral Council’s (CEP) alleged partiality in favour of new presidential platform, Inité. Claimed ban of 16 parties from Feb parliamentary elections, including ex-President Aristide’s Fanmi Lavalas party, politically motivated, threatened election boycott. UN independent expert on Haiti 30 Nov said Lavalas ban “justified”; MINUSTAH urged CEP clarification.*

* Entry revised 7 January.

Haiti

  |  1 Dec 2009

Unchanged

Ex-Planning Minister Jean-Max Bellerive 11 Nov sworn in as new PM after early month confirmation by Congress, Senate; followed Senate’s 30 Oct dismissal of PM Pierre-Louis for “inefficiency in office.” National electoral council 26 Nov banned 16 parties, including influential Lavalas, from participating in Feb 2010 parliamentary elections over registration protocol issues.

Haiti

  |  1 Oct 2009

Unchanged

UN Special Envoy to Haiti Bill Clinton 9 Sept called on donors to fulfil pledges, said only US$21m of total $760m pledged at April donors conference disbursed. Quorum ensured in Senate after 11 new senators sworn in 4 Sept.

Haiti

  |  1 Sep 2009

Unchanged

Protestors clashed with UN peacekeepers in eastern town Lascahobas 6 Aug; UN denied local media reports that 2 protesters killed. Parliament 4 Aug voted to more than double minimum wage; preceded by days of violent Port-au-Prince demonstrations demanding tripling of minimum wage.

Haiti

  |  1 Aug 2009

Unchanged

World Bank, IMF 30 June cancelled US$1.2b of Haiti’s debt; followed earlier cancellation by Inter-American Development Bank. Opposition OPL party late month claimed fraud in official results from June Senate elections, urged its deputies, senators to boycott all govt proceedings.

Haiti

  |  1 Jul 2009

Unchanged

President Preval’s Lespwa party won 5 of 11 seats in 21 June Senate run-off elections; preceded by occasional violence, at least 2 killed; turnout very low. 1 civilian killed 18 June as demonstrators clashed with MINUSTAH peacekeepers after funeral of ex-President Aristide ally in Port-au-Prince; UN denied reports peacekeepers shot at demonstrators.

Haiti

  |  1 Jun 2009

Unchanged

Senate run-off elections postponed to 21 June due to preparation delays. 4 opposition senators early month said will seek to block victors in run-off, alleged fraud in Apr first-round elections. Floods killed dozens during month, country on alert as more storms anticipated. Bill Clinton 18 May named UN Special Envoy to Haiti.

Haiti

  |  1 May 2009

Unchanged

19 Apr senate elections marked by low estimated 11.3% turnout, occasional violence: poll suspended in Central dept after 1 poll supervisor shot. No 1st round election victory, 2nd round announced for 7 June; ruling Lespwa party qualified for participation in all 9 constituencies. Donors pledged US$324m in aid over next 2 years at 14 Apr conference, including US$41m budget support.

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