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CrisisWatch Database

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Iran

  |  1 Aug 2014

Unchanged

Nuclear negotiations between Iran and P5+1 extended until 24 Nov after parties failed to reach comprehensive agreement before 20 July deadline. Non-stop bargaining 2-20 July failed to bridge differences, most importantly on extent of uranium enrichment: each party stuck to maximalist opening gambits wrongly assuming other side desperate for deal. FM Zarif 14 July signalled Iran prepared to maintain operating centrifuges at current level of 9,400 SWU until 2021 when fuel contract with Russia expires, then increase capacity to 190,000; P5+1 rejected idea as “unworkable”. Extension deal included agreement all parties will uphold obligations under Nov 2013 Joint Plan of Action. Iran additionally to convert 25kg of stockpile of 20% enriched uranium in oxidised form into fuel for Tehran Research Reactor, blend down stocks of material enriched to less than 2%; in exchange to be allowed access to further $2.8 billion of restricted assets.

Iran

  |  1 Jul 2014

Unchanged

Another round of nuclear negotiations between Iran and P5+1 held in Vienna 16-21 June: Iranian FM Zarif 18 June said drafting of agreement begun, “many differences” remain including extent of uranium enrichment. Russia, China sided with P5+1 counterparts in insisting Iran reduce number of centrifuges; Iran reportedly frustrated by move. Vienna negotiations followed series of high-level bilateral meetings, including direct U.S.-Iran talks in Geneva 9-10 June. Following Sunni jihadis surge in Iraq (see Iraq), President Rouhani’s deputy chief of staff said only Iran and U.S. can resolve crisis; U.S. Sec State Kerry suggested cooperation could be “constructive”. Deputy U.S. Sec State Bill Burns and Zarif 16 June discussed Iraq in Vienna; no conclusions reported, Iranian official reportedly said military cooperation off the table.

Iran

  |  1 Jun 2014

Unchanged

Fourth round of talks between Iran and P5+1 seeking comprehensive nuclear agreement held in Vienna 14-16 May, no progress achieved: U.S. and allies insisted Iran drastically scale back enrichment program, lengthening “breakout time” required for building nuclear bomb to at least 1 year; Iran insisted at least 19,000 centrifuges needed to meet country’s practical needs. Zarif and P5+1 lead negotiator Ashton held follow-up meeting in Istanbul 26-27 May. IAEA announced Iran offered additional information on past experiments with exploding bridgewire detonators, part of what IAEA considers “possible military dimensions” of nuclear program, after agency early month signalled dissatisfaction with information provided; Iran agreed to provide more information by 25 Aug, including on alleged large-scale high-explosives experimentation, studies on neutron transport. IAEA confirmed Iran continuing to live up to obligations under Nov interim agreement, cut stockpile of 20% enriched uranium by around 80%.

Iran

  |  1 May 2014

Unchanged

Another round of talks between Iran and P5+1 seeking comprehensive agreement on Iran’s nuclear program held in Vienna 7-9 April. Talks signalled end to first phase in which parties explained respective positions, ahead of second stage of negotiations; next round of talks to start 13 May. Iranian FM Zarif 9 April claimed Iran and P5+1 already in “50-60% agreement”, but significant disagreements remain, including on number of centrifuges to be allowed in Iran, scope of inspections and Iran’s ballistic missiles program. IAEA 17 April said Iran continuing to comply with Nov Joint Plan of Action (JPA), cutting stockpiles of 20% enriched uranium; construction of conversion plant needed for rendering uranium stockpiles unfit for enrichment to higher levels, as promised under JPA, delayed. Nuclear negotiations unaffected by other tensions including U.S. refusal to grant visa to Iran’s UN envoy over role in 1979 hostage crisis, European Parliament resolution condemning human rights situation in Iran. 4 Iranian border guards, held hostage for months by Sunni insurgent group Jaish al-Adl in Pakistani border area, freed 4 April after March execution of fifth hostage.

Iran

  |  1 Apr 2014

Unchanged

Second round of negotiations on comprehensive nuclear agreement between Iran and P5+1 held in Vienna 17-19 March, following expert-level talks early March. Escalating animosity between Russia and Western members of P5+1 over Ukraine crisis had no tangible impact, however Russian deputy FM Ryabkov subsequently threatened unspecified “retaliatory measures” against U.S. and EU in negotiations. Next round planned for 7-9 April. EU foreign policy chief Ashton 8-9 March visited Iran, first such visit since 2008; met with rights activists without govt approval, FM Zarif reportedly cancelled 17 March dinner ahead of Vienna talks to protest Ashton’s “uncoordinated” move. IAEA, monitoring compliance with Nov Joint Plan of Action (JPA), 20 March said Iran fulfilling obligations, govt to start conversion of enriched uranium stockpiles to below 5% 9 April. At least 14 border guards killed in attack near Pakistani border claimed by Sunni insurgent group Jaish al-Adl, 16 alleged “rebel” prisoners hanged by local authorities in apparent revenge killing; insurgents later reportedly killed 1 border guard held hostage since early Feb, 4 still in captivity.

Iran

  |  1 Mar 2014

Unchanged

Talks on final comprehensive agreement on Iran’s nuclear program 18-20 Feb in Vienna ended with agreement on timetable, framework agenda; next technical level meeting 3 March and political level 17 March in Vienna, EU HR/VP Ashton to visit Tehran 9-10 March. Although conflicting interpretations remain regarding path set out for coming talks by Nov Joint Plan of Action, IAEA 20 Feb reported Iran complying with confidence-building measures. Iran and IAEA 8-9 Feb agreed on additional steps to clarify aspects of nuclear program to be implemented by 15 May 2014, including access to uranium mine in Yazd, Ardakan concentration plant, information on Iran’s stated need for exploding-bridgewire detonators; first time aspect of what IAEA considers program’s “possible military dimensions” will be addressed. U.S. 6 Feb targeted businesses for evading sanctions, second such move since Nov deal; President Obama 11 Feb warned U.S. will come down hard on companies breaching sanctions. President Rouhani same day vowed to pursue peaceful nuclear technology “forever”; Supreme Leader Khamenei 17 Feb said not opposed to talks but predicted they will lead nowhere. Sunni insurgent group Jaish al-Adl abducted 5 Iranian soldiers on border with Pakistan; interior minister 17 Feb threatened troop incursion into Pakistan to retrieve them, Iran-Pakistan border commission 21 Feb agreed on joint efforts to track them down. Reuters 24 Feb reported Iran Nov 2013 signed deal to sell arms to Iraq breaching UN weapons embargo; govt denied claims.

Iran

  |  1 Feb 2014

Unchanged

P5+1 and Iran 10 Jan agreed on implementation of 6-month Joint Plan of Action (JPA) signed in Geneva in Nov. Plan took effect 20 Jan; IAEA confirmed Iran halted 20% uranium enrichment, also provided better access to IAEA inspectors, stopped installing new centrifuges, suspended construction of heavy water reactor in Arak; EU and U.S. initiated sanctions relief in return, in accordance with deal. Implementation agreement included specification that Iran gains access to $4.2bn of blocked assets in 8 instalments, first planned 1 Feb; also specified exact nature of JPA’s research and development provision. P5+1 and Iran to reconvene 18 Feb in Vienna for negotiations on final comprehensive agreement. IAEA 29 Jan inspected Gachin uranium mine in accordance with separate Nov Iran-IAEA agreement. U.S. Senate push to impose new sanctions appearing to lose momentum. Diplomatic row over “Geneva II” talks on Syria as UNSG Ban 19 Jan invited Iran to participate, 21 Jan withdrew invitation following U.S.; U.S. warned companies Iran still “not open for business” due to remaining sanctions. Violence in eastern border region continued; Baluchi Sunni separatist group Jaish al-Adl 25 Jan claimed attack on Revolutionary Guards killing 7.

Iran

  |  2 Jan 2014

Unchanged

Govt, P5+1 and IAEA 9-13 Dec met to discuss technical details of 24 Nov Geneva nuclear deal, but Iran pulled out of talks after U.S. 12 Dec blacklisted 19 companies linked to Iran’s nuclear program; Tehran said new sanctions “violated” the spirit of Geneva agreement. Talks further jeopardised after bipartisan group of U.S. senators 19 Dec introduced new sanctions bill that would strengthen existing sanctions if Iran breaks interim deal; President Obama threatened to veto bill if it passed. 100 hardline Iranian parliamentarians 25 Dec introduced bill obliging govt to increase uranium enrichment to 60% if U.S. introduces new sanctions. Head of Iranian negotiating team 1 Jan said sides had proposed 20 Jan for Geneva deal to go into effect. IAEA 8 Dec inspected Arak nuclear plant; govt and IAEA 12 Dec agreed to meet 21 Jan to discuss “practical steps” to improve transparency of nuclear program. Public row erupted between President Rouhani’s govt and Revolutionary Guards commander Ali Jafari: FM Zarif 3 Dec said U.S. could eliminate Iran’s defensive systems “with one bomb”; Jafari called comments “incorrect”, said govt “infected by Western doctrine” and “fundamental change must occur”. Nuclear chief Salehi 1 Dec said govt in talks with Russia to build another nuclear plant at Bushehr, construction to begin in 2014. Govt 5 Dec announced it executed 4 Ahwazi Arab political activists on charges of enmity against God and threatening national security. Upsurge in violence on Iran’s eastern and western borders: gunmen killed 15 Iranian and 3 Iraqi workers on gas pipeline near Balad Ruz village NE of Baghdad 13 Dec; 3 Revolutionary Guards killed in SE by roadside bomb believed to be planted by Baluchi Sunni separatist group Jaish al-Adl 18 Dec.

Iran

  |  1 Dec 2013

Improved

Govt and P5+1 countries 24 Nov reached historic interim agreement over Iranian nuclear program in Geneva after decade of deadlock; described as first step towards final negotiations on normalisation of Iran’s nuclear dossier. Agreement outlined mutual confidence-building measures to be executed over 6 months: Iran to restrict uranium enrichment, not install more centrifuges, freeze work on Arak heavy water reactor, and establish unprecedented transparency mechanisms in cooperation with IAEA; in return P5+1 will refrain from further sanctions, allow Iran to maintain current levels of oil export and establish channel for humanitarian trade, release over $4bn in Iranian oil sales revenue from frozen accounts and suspend restrictions on key sectors of economy. U.S. President Obama 24 Nov hailed deal as historic “first step” to “roll back” Iranian nuclear program; Iranian Supreme leader Ali Khamenei 24 Nov said talks served as “basis for further intelligent actions”; 3 Nov had warned Iranian hardliners not to obstruct negotiations. Saudi Arabia and Israel led opposition to deal, demanding complete dismantlement of Iran’s nuclear program. Tehran 12 Nov made separate agreement with IAEA, allowing IAEA inspections of Arak nuclear facility and Gachin uranium mine ahead of 11 Dec IAEA-Iran talks; govt 28 Nov invited IAEA to inspect Arak. Govt 4 Nov acknowledged death of Mohammad Jamali Paghalleh, Revolutionary Guard Corps general killed in Syria during firefight near Shiite Sayyida Zainab shrine in Damascus. Unidentified attacker 10 Nov shot and killed Safdar Rahmat Abadi, deputy industry minister. Iran executed 16 rebels 26 Oct in reprisal after Sunni group killed 14 guards near Pakistan border.

Iran

  |  1 Nov 2013

Unchanged

Govt continued diplomatic offensive at 15-16 Oct P5+1 talks in Geneva where FM Zarif and deputy FM Araqchi discussed nuclear program with UNSC P5 plus Germany; no details released, off-record U.S. negotiator called meetings “first true negotiations” on Iranian nuclear program. IAEA and Iranian representatives met 28-29 Oct to discuss IAEA investigation into “possible military dimensions” of Iranian nuclear program; 29 Oct jointly stated talks “very productive”, next meeting 11 Nov in Tehran. U.S. Sec State Kerry 3 Oct said it would be “diplomatic malpractice of the worst order” not to engage Iranian offer to negotiate nuclear program; 17 Oct announced it might offer Iran access to $billions in frozen funds if govt takes certain actions to curb nuclear program. 230 out of 290 MPs 2 Oct signed statement supportive of President Rouhani’s conciliatory UNGA speech in Sept. Supreme leader Khamenei 5 Oct expressed support for strategy but said some parts “improper”, possibly hinting at 27 Sept phone call between Rouhani and U.S. President Obama. On Syria, U.S. 7 Oct said Iran could join Geneva II peace conference if it publicly backed 2012 Geneva Communique calling for transitional govt; Iran called condition “unacceptable”. Baluchi Sunni group Jaish al-Adl 25 Oct killed 14 border guards in ambush near Saravan in retaliation for unspecified Iranian “massacre” in Syria and “cruel treatment” of Sunnis in Iran; govt 26 Oct executed 16 men allegedly linked to Jaish al-Adl.

Iran

  |  1 Oct 2013

Improved

New President Rouhani took unprecedented steps towards ending sanctions regime against Iran, negotiating nuclear program: 27 Sept spoke with U.S. President Obama in first direct talks between U.S. and Iranian leaders since 1979 revolution; 24 Sept visited New York for annual UNGA meeting, said Iran ready for “time-bound and results-oriented” nuclear talks; 23 Sept met with EU foreign policy chief Ashton. Hardliner Saeed Jalili replaced as chief negotiator 5 Sept when nuclear portfolio handed to FM Mohammad Zarif; Zarif declared nuclear program must remain peaceful and be conducted under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) supervision, 29 Sept said right to enrich “not negotiable” but prepared to negotiate aspects of nuclear program. U.S. Sec State Kerry 29 Sept said deal could be reached within 3-6 months. Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei 17 Sept endorsed Rouhani’s approach, calling for Iran to show “heroic leniency” in nuclear negotiations. Head of Revolutionary Guards General Mohammad Ali Jafari said Rouhani’s 27 Sept conversation with Obama “tactical error”, should have waited for U.S. to take practical steps showing no hostile intent towards Iran. Govt 18 Sept released 80 prisoners ahead of UNGA, including human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh and reformist politician Mohsen Aminzadeh; also used social media to suggest softer line on Israel. On Syria, Khamenei 5 Sept said chemical weapons “pretext” for U.S. invasion for which it would “suffer”; FM Zarif 10 Sept supported Russian proposal to place Syrian chemical weapons under international control. Ex-president Rafsanjani 1 Sept quoted by Iranian Labour News Agency as stating Syrian regime used chemical weapons; foreign ministry 2 Sept said remarks “distorted”. Russia 11 Sept agreed to supply Iran with S-300 anti-aircraft missiles and build additional nuclear reactor at Bushehr nuclear site.

Iran

  |  1 Sep 2013

Unchanged

President Rouhani sworn in 4 Aug, presented new cabinet consisting mainly of technocrats who served in Rafsanjani/Khatami administrations; parliament 15 Aug approved 15 of 18 nominees, rejected 3 minor candidates. Iran and U.S. 4 Aug both expressed desire to end Iranian nuclear program dispute: Rouhani called for end to “antagonism and aggression”, U.S. said would be “willing partner”. IAEA 28 Aug reported that Iran has slowed down several sensitive nuclear activities. Govt 27 Aug warned against U.S. military attack in Syria.

Iran

  |  1 Aug 2013

Unchanged

Following P5+1 meeting in Brussels, FM Salehi 17 July said Iran ready to hold nuclear talks in Aug after president-elect Rouhani assembles negotiating team. Rouhani 18 July said will improve relations with neighbours, EU member states; 17 July pledged support for Syrian govt. Israeli PM Netanyahu 14 July called Rouhani “wolf in sheep’s clothing,” called for increased sanctions, threat of military force, said Israel “won’t wait to act until it’s too late”. U.S. House of Representatives 31 July approved legislation which amounts to total oil embargo on Iran.

Iran

  |  1 Jul 2013

Unchanged

Hassan Rouhani, seen as moderate pragmatist, elected president 14 June, securing 50.7% of votes with approx 73% turnout, in largely unexpected result. Rouhani 17 June said Iran on path of reformation, called his election victory of moderation over extremism, promised “hope and prudence”, greater transparency on nuclear program and committed to build trust with West, 24 June said “ties with Russia will be key part of foreign policy”. Senior U.S. official 16 June said Rouhani’s election presents opportunity for renewed nuclear talks. State TV 16 June announced Ayatollah Khamenei issued “necessary guidelines” for President Rouhani in their first meeting. Ayatollah Khamenei 27 June said nuclear solution “easy” if West is serious about seeking an agreement. Head of Iran Atomic Energy Organisation 28 June said Iran to “press ahead with uranium enrichment program”. IAEA Chief 17 June said Iran making steady process in expanding its nuclear program despite sanctions. U.S. President Obama 3 June imposed sanctions on operations with Iranian currency; U.S. 4 June blacklisted 37 ostensibly private companies it alleged were controlled by Iran. UNSC 5 June extended Panel of Experts on Iran Sanctions mandate until July 2014. Iran State TV 20 June said location for new nuclear research reactor selected in Zarghan, S Iran.

Iran

  |  1 Jun 2013

Unchanged

IAEA-Iran nuclear talks 15 May failed as govt again refused IAEA access to nuclear sites. Iranian chief negotiator Saeed Jalili 16 May met with EU foreign policy chief Ashton, said Iran ready for nuclear talks with P5+1. IAEA quarterly report 23 May said Iran installed almost 700 advanced centrifuges in Natanz nuclear plant, compared to 180 in Feb; IR-40 reactor, which could provide second path to nuclear weapons through plutonium reprocessing, nearing completion. U.S. Congress 9 May imposed new sanctions on 4 Iranian companies; bill introduced 8 May proposed blocking Iran access to some $100bn in overseas banks. U.S. Treasury Dept 30 May announced exemptions from sanctions for U.S. companies supplying “Iranian people with communications equipment to communicate among themselves and with the outside world”. Iran 19 May executed two individuals accused of being Mossad and CIA agents. List of 8 presidential candidates approved by Guardian Council for 14 June elections published 21 May, all close allies of Supreme Leader Khamenei. President Ahmadinejad 22 May said he will appeal exclusion of his Chief of Staff Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei from final list; exclusion of former president Rafsanjani also controversial. Iranian General Ahmad Reza Pourdastan 5 May said Iran ready to offer training support to Syrian army.

Iran

  |  1 May 2013

Unchanged

P5+1 nuclear talks in Kazakhstan 5-6 April failed to achieve breakthrough, parties agreed to disband meeting, reconsider positions. U.S. Sec State Kerry said talks on nuclear program “cannot last forever”. President Ahmadinejad 9 April unveiled 2 new uranium mining facilities declaring “mastery over the entire nuclear fuel cycle”. Iranian ambassador to IAEA Ali Asghar Soltanieh 23 April said Iran would be “reliable partner” in Middle East if Western countries took “more cooperative approach” in nuclear talks. Former nuclear negotiator Hassan Rowhani, considered pragmatist, 11 April announced he will run for president in June elections. 6.1 magnitude earthquake hit SE 9 April, Gulf Cooperation Council called for inspections to nearby Bushehr nuclear plant, Iran media reported plant unaffected. Israeli Minister of Strategic and Intelligence Affairs 18 April said international community should issue deadline, timetable or military threat for Iran. U.S. Sec Defence 21 April signed arms deal with Israel, said agreement sends “clear signal to Iran that military action remains an option”. U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee 17 April passed bill supporting possible Israeli strike on Iran.

Iran

  |  1 Apr 2013

Unchanged

Following late Feb talks with Iran, P5+1 arms control experts met in Istanbul 18 March to draft proposal detailing possibility of relieving sanctions in exchange for Iran suspending some nuclear activities, to be presented to 5-6 April meeting in Kazakhstan. Russian Deputy FM Sergei Ryabkov 21 March said P5+1 talks are “real progress” but “not sufficient to talk of irreversible trend”. U.S. President Obama 15 March declared Iran is “1 year from developing nuclear weapons”, U.S. will first pursue diplomatic means to prevent Iran from developing nuclear arsenal but “all options are on the table”. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei 21 March said Iran will “destroy Israeli cities if attacked”. NATO cyber warfare centre 24 March declared U.S.-Israel 2009 cyber attack on Iran an illegal act of force. International Energy Agency 19 March reported Iran’s crude oil production capacity significantly reduced due to sanctions.

Iran

  |  1 Mar 2013

Unchanged

At first Iran-P5+1 talks in 8 months 26-27 Feb, negotiators offered Iran limited sanctions relief in exchange for Tehran curbing most sensitive aspects of nuclear activities; Iran said negotiations “turning point”; further talks scheduled. New U.S. sanctions took effect 6 Feb; next day Iran rejected U.S. offer of direct talks saying it would not negotiate under pressure of sanctions. Foreign Ministry 12 Feb said country ready for “comprehensive agreement” with IAEA including visit to Parchin military complex if nuclear rights recognised; IAEA-Iran talks 13 Feb failed again to reach deal. IAEA 21 Feb confirmed Iran had started to install new generation of centrifuges at Natanz enrichment plant; U.S. called it “yet another provocative step”. EU Court 5 Feb ruled sanctions on Iranian Bank Saderat should be lifted due to insufficient evidence bank involved in nuclear program. Currency reached all-time low, registering more than 21% drop in 2 weeks against US$. President Ahmadinejad 3 Feb accused parliament speaker Ali Larijani’s family of corruption; rival politicians 17 Feb apologised to Ayatollah Ali Khamenei for public feud.

Iran

  |  1 Feb 2013

Unchanged

11 journalists arrested 27 Jan, accused of cooperation with foreign-based media. EU 15, 22 Jan offered to resume negotiations over nuclear crisis. Iran rejected terms; Iranian FM Ali Akbar Salehi 23 Jan proposed different venues but UNSC P5+1 disagreed. Iran-IAEA meeting 16-17 Jan failed to secure agreement on resolving outstanding issues; next meeting scheduled for 13 Feb. Iran 23 Jan reportedly told IAEA it plans to accelerate Uranium enrichment. U.S. 2 Jan broadened sanctions targeting Iran’s energy, shipping sectors. Central Bank disclosed record 27.4% inflation for 2012. Iran 28 Jan launched monkey into space, increasing concerns over nuclear technology.

Iran

  |  30 Dec 2012

Unchanged

Govt 4 Dec announced capture of U.S. surveillance drone; U.S. rejected claim. Iranian National Security Committee member 12 Dec said Iranian experts now capable of manufacturing copies of advanced U.S. drone captured last year. U.S. and Iran stated willingness to re-engage in stalled P5+1 talks. U.S. 13, 21 Dec and EU 21 Dec announced new additions to sanctions list. Iran 25 Dec reported recent cyber attack, accused Israel and U.S. of planting malware.

Iran

  |  1 Dec 2012

Unchanged

Iranian warplanes 1 Nov fired at U.S. surveillance drone claiming it had entered Iranian airspace; U.S. officials maintain it was in international airspace. Iran 23 Nov formally accused U.S. Navy of “illegal and provocative acts” near its coastline and of violating its airspace in letters to UNSG Ban and UNSC. U.S. 8 Nov unveiled new sanctions targeting top Iranians and national bodies related to media and internet censorship. MPs 21 Nov withdrew motion calling for questioning of President Ahmadinejad regarding Iran’s economic problems following public intervention by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Iran

  |  1 Nov 2012

Unchanged

Police 3 Oct violently dispersed demonstrators protesting currency depreciation; 50 people reportedly arrested. EU 15 Oct approved additional sanctions for govt’s non-compliance over nuclear program. Judiciary 21, 24 Oct blocked President Ahmadinejad’s request to visit his press advisor imprisoned last month.

Iran

  |  1 Oct 2012

Unchanged

P5+1 FMs met at sidelines of 27 Sept UNGA meeting to discuss nuclear program. IAEA resolution 13 Sept expressed “serious concern” about Iranian uranium enrichment. UN 19 Sept reported potential sanctions violations; Iranian nuclear chief Abbasi 20 Sept admitted govt submitted false data, reportedly to mislead foreign intelligence. Iran, DPRK 1 Sept signed cooperation deal; deputy nuclear chief Mohammad Ahmadian same day reported Bushehr nuclear power plant at full capacity. UK, France, Germany 7 Sept called for further strengthening of EU sanctions; Canadian govt same day announced closure of embassy in Iran, expulsion of Iranian diplomats citing Iran’s support for Syrian regime, failure to comply on nuclear issue, embassy staff safety. Authorities 29 Sept condemned removal of Mahedeen-e-Khalq (MEK) militant group from U.S. terrorism list, accused Washington of “double standards”. Head of Revolutionary Guards Gen Jafari 17 Sept said elite Quds Force members providing non-military assistance in Syria. Govt 17 Sept called for halt to violence in Syria, no foreign intervention. Faezeh Hashemi, political activist and daughter of former President Rafsanjani, arrested 23 Sept, serving 6 month sentence for “spreading propaganda against regime”; brother Mehdi Hashemi arrested 24 Sept for anti-state activity following return from self-imposed exile since 2009 elections.

Iran

  |  1 Sep 2012

Unchanged

U.S. military chief Gen Martin Dempsey 15 Aug claimed Iran building, training Syrian militia to prop up President al-Assad’s forces; govt 9 Aug appealed to Turkey, Qatar during Tehran conference on Syria to help release 48 Iranian Shiites taken hostage in Syria. Iranian security chief Jalili 7 Aug held talks with Assad, pledged support; Iran 9 Aug hosted 30-nation conference in effort to kick-start peace talks. Military 4 Aug test-fired new short-range missile. Increase in poultry price, govt’s slow relief response to earthquakes in Azerbaijan province mid-month triggered riots in several cities. UNSG Ban attended Iran-hosted Non-Aligned Movement triennial summit 29-31 Aug, requested better cooperation with IAEA, condemned anti-Israeli statements; Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei pledged Iran will never build atomic weapons. IAEA 30 Aug said Iran recently doubled number of nuclear centrifuges.

Iran

  |  1 Aug 2012

Unchanged

Israel accused Iranian Revolutionary Guards of orchestrating 19 July suicide bombing of Israeli tour bus in Bulgaria, warned of forceful reaction; Tehran denied involvement. U.S. Sec of State Clinton 16 July warned “all elements of American power” to be used to prevent Iranian acquisition of nuclear weapon. EU 1 July initiated oil embargo; U.S. same day placed sanctions on Iranian Central Bank, 12 July blacklisted 15 entities involved in Iranian weapons program, circumventing sanctions. Experts from P5+1, Iran met in Istanbul 3 July; deputies of European, Iranian chief negotiators 24 July met in Istanbul. Iranian Parliamentary committee 3 July submitted draft law blocking shipments of oil through Hormuz Straits to countries supporting sanctions, same day conducted medium-range missile tests. Former interior minister Abdollah Nouri 12 July called for popular referendum on fate of nuclear program. Several hundred protesters 23 July protested in Neishabour against rising prices due to sanctions, chanted anti-govt slogans.

Iran

  |  1 Jul 2012

Unchanged

IAEA 8 June said lack of progress in talks with Iran “disappointing”. Chinese President Hu Jintao 8 June urged Iranian flexibility over nuclear issue, cooperation with IAEA. Iranian Ambassador to IAEA 12 June said sanctions made country more determined to continue nuclear activities. 18-19 June talks between P5+1, Iran in Moscow ended without breakthrough; EU foreign policy head Ashton said discussions to continue on technical level. Washington Post 19 June reported U.S., Israel collaborating on new “Flame” computer virus targeting Iranian nuclear program. Parliament 5 June re-elected conservative Ahmadinejad rival Ali Larijani as speaker.

Iran

  |  1 Jun 2012

Unchanged

Talks resumed 14-15 May with IAEA in Vienna; during 21-22 May visit to Tehran IAEA head Amano said deal on resolving outstanding issues close; Israeli PM Netanyahu warned West against “bowing down” to Iran. 23-24 May talks between Iran and P5+1 ended without agreements on curbing Iran’s enrichment programs or lifting sanctions; talks to resume 18-19 June in Moscow. IAEA 25 May reported 27% enriched uranium at Fordo nuclear site. U.S. envoy to Israel Dan Shapiro said U.S. plans to attack Iran exist should diplomacy fail. U.S. Senate 22 May tightened Iranian sanctions. Iran President Ahmadinejad suffered further setback in 2nd round of parliamentary elections held 4 May after supporters won only 13 of 65 seats. Diplomatic row erupted over proposed union between Bahrain, Saudi Arabia; Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani said Bahrain should be integrated into Iran.

Iran

  |  1 May 2012

Unchanged

P5+1 negotiations resumed 14 April in Istanbul after 15-month freeze; U.S. said talks positive. Ayatollah Khamenei 2 April reiterated fatwa against production, use of nuclear weapons; U.S. Secretary of State Clinton reacted positively, requested Tehran take practical steps as proof; Israeli army chief Lt Gen Gantz 25 April said Iran not building nuclear bomb, international pressure working. Nuclear chief Abbasi 10 April signalled Iran’s willingness to revive version of 2009/2010 uranium enrichment deal; FM Salehi 16 April expressed willingness to resolve all nuclear issues in next round of talks if West lifted sanctions. Tension with UAE increased following 17 March visit by President Ahmadinejad to disputed islands of Abu Musa; GCC described move as provocation, violation of UAE sovereignty. Parliament started discussions on amending internal rules of procedure to ease process of impeaching president, 17 April cancelled televised speech by President Ahmadinejad.

Iran

  |  1 Apr 2012

Unchanged

U.S. President Obama 2 March said Iranian nuclear weapon unacceptable but warned against pre-emptive strike against Iran, 4 March said U.S. preferred diplomacy but “won’t hesitate to use force”. Israeli PM Netanyahu 6 March said little time to stop Iranian nuclear plans, 9 March warned of possible strike on Iranian nuclear facilities within months. U.S. Secretary of State Clinton 31 March announced resumption of P5+1 talks 13-14 April, said window for talks closing; U.S. 30 March introduced new sanctions on foreign banks trading Iranian oil. Conservative allies of Ayatollah Khamenei solidified control over parliament in 2 March legislative elections; authorities claimed 61% turnout. President Ahmadinejad 14 March questioned by parliament, insisted recent foreign/domestic policy decisions legal, denied challenging authority of Ayatollah Khamenei. Authorities 7 March jailed reformist leader Ali Shakouri-Rad for spreading “lies”, “propaganda” against state. Supreme Court 5 March overturned death sentence against alleged U.S. CIA spy Mirzai Hekmati.

Iran

  |  1 Mar 2012

Unchanged

Israel accused Iran of organising “terrorist campaign” against Israeli targets in India, Georgia, Thailand mid-Feb (see Israel). Tension continued over nuclear program: Israel defence minister Barak 3 Feb warned time running out to halt Iranian nuclear program; Ayatollah Khamenei responded warning any attack will meet forceful response. U.S. President Obama 6 Feb said U.S. focussed on diplomatic solution but no option off table, froze assets of Iranian govt, Central Bank. U.S. carrier Abraham Lincoln 14 Feb passed through Strait of Hormuz despite Iranian warnings. Iran 15 Feb loaded first domestically-made nuclear fuel in reactor, unveiled more efficient enrichment centrifuges at Natanz facility. UK FM Hague 18 Feb warned nuclear Iran could lead to “new cold war”, nuclear arms race in region. U.S., E.U. expressed cautious optimism following Iran mid-month letter to EU High Representative Ashton offering resumption of nuclear talks. Iranian authorities 20 Feb suspended oil exports to France, Britain; same day announced new military drills; 21 Feb warned of pre-emptive strikes if national interests endangered. IAEA 24 Feb reported Iran stepped-up uranium enrichment in recent months, failed to cooperate during 20-22 Feb visit to clarify “possible military dimensions” of nuclear program, denied access to Parchin site.

Iran

  |  1 Feb 2012

Unchanged

Month saw increased tensions with West, as IAEA and Iranian officials 9 Jan confirmed Iran producing 20% enriched uranium at Fordo plant near Qom, prompting new Western sanctions. Tehran 3 Jan warned U.S. aircraft carrier USS Stennis should not return to Persian Gulf; Iranian nuclear scientist Ahmadi Roshan killed in 11 Jan car bomb attack blamed by Tehran on U.S. and Israeli intelligence services; Tehran court 9 Jan sentenced U.S.-Iranian man to death for spying for CIA. U.S. warned Iran’s threat to close Strait of Hormuz would provoke U.S. response; U.S., UK, France 22 Jan deployed aircraft carrier and 6 warships through Hormuz. Tehran indicated willingness to return to nuclear talks, called on U.S. to negotiate “without conditions”. EU FMs 23 Jan agreed to impose embargo on Iranian oil exports, freeze central bank assets, starting 1 July; Iran threatened to pre-empt embargo by halting exports to Europe immediately. FM Salehi 18 Jan warned countries in region not to put themselves in “dangerous position” after Saudi Arabia expressed willingness to increase oil output in light of sanctions. IAEA conducted inspection visit 29-31 Jan; IAEA, Tehran described talks as positive, IAEA planning another visit in near future.

Iran

  |  2 Jan 2012

Unchanged

Govt rejected U.S. President Obama’s request 12 Dec for return of captured surveillance drone. Tehran’s chief prosecutor 13 Dec said 15 people indicted for spying for U.S., Israel. Intelligence minister Moslehi 12 Dec visited Riyadh to improve strained relations following alleged Iranian plot to kill Saudi ambassador to U.S.. Navy 24 Dec began 10-day exercise in Strait of Hormuz; 27 Dec threatened to close Strait if West imposed further oil sanctions. U.S. 31 Dec issued new sanctions against Central Bank and financial sector. Rial fell to lowest ever value against dollar due to inflation, sanctions.

Iran

  |  1 Dec 2011

Unchanged

IAEA report 8 Nov said Iran appeared to have worked on designing an atomic bomb, may still be conducting secret research. President Ahmadinejad 9 Nov denied report, vowed not to retreat “one iota” on nuclear program. U.S., Britain and Canada 21 Nov announced new sanctions on financial and energy sectors to pressure Tehran to halt nuclear program; Russia dismissed sanctions as “unacceptable”, would damage chances for renewing negotiations. UK embassy stormed 29 Nov by protesters after announcement of unilateral British sanctions; all Iranian diplomats expelled from UK.  

Iran

  |  1 Nov 2011

Unchanged

U.S. 11 Oct said it broke up Iranian plot to assassinate Saudi Arabian ambassador in Washington; Iran denied accusations. EU 10 Oct expanded sanctions against Iran because of continued rights abuses. UN special rapporteur on human rights 17 Oct report said rights abuses in Iran are increasing; Iran rejected findings. FM Salehi 21 Oct visited Ankara, pledged cooperation in operation against Kurdish militants (see Turkey). President Ahmadinejad 22 Oct criticised Syrian regime’s killing of protesters but warned against international intervention. U.S. Sec State Clinton 23 Oct warned Iran not to exploit U.S. troop withdrawal from Iraq (see Iraq); 27 Oct said Iran is morphing into military dictatorship.

Iran

  |  1 Oct 2011

Unchanged

Head of Iran’s atomic energy agency 5 Sept offered to allow international inspectors “full supervision” of country’s nuclear activities for next 5 years, but on condition sanctions are lifted. First nuclear power plant, Russian-built Bushehr, officially launched 12 Sept, will begin full operations Dec. President Ahmadinejad at UNGA 22 Sept sought to revive 2009 nuclear swap offer, said Tehran would stop producing 20% enriched uranium if guaranteed fuel for medical research reactor; U.S dismissed offer. 2 U.S. citizens jailed Aug for spying released 21 Sept on bail, allowed to return home. Military 2 Sept resumed operations against Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) militants along Iraqi border, military official 5 Sept said at least 30 militants killed. PJAK called immediate, unilateral ceasefire and for negotiations; Iran rejected call.

Iran

  |  1 Sep 2011

Unchanged

FM Salehi 17 Aug said Tehran ready to resume negotiations over its nuclear program under Russian proposal. Senior IAEA official mid-month visited main atomic sites, first visit since 2008. Revolutionary Guards commander Rostam Ghasemi, currently under international sanctions, named oil minister 3 Aug. Security forces 1 Aug killed 3 militants, arrested 4 suspected of 29 July gas pipeline blast in West Azerbaijan. Authorities 20 Aug jailed 2 U.S. tourists for 8 years for spying; 23 Aug sentenced alleged Israeli spy to death for murder of nuclear scientist. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei 27 Aug pardoned 100 prisoners to mark Eid al-Fitr, including some arrested during 2009 post-election protests. Salehi 27 Aug called on Syrian President Assad to recognise people’s “legitimate” demands.



Iran

  |  1 Aug 2011

Unchanged

Military 16 July launched offensive against Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) militants along Iraqi border; several PJAK militants and Iranian soldiers killed in ongoing clashes. Attack came 1 week after Tehran accused Kurdistan regional govt of supporting PJAK militants; military 28 July said assault will continue until Iraq deploys troops to secure border (See Iraq). FM Salehi 12 July met IAEA chief Amano, said Iran ready to work with agency if it ends investigation into nuclear weapons program allegations; Amano rejected condition. Govt blamed U.S., Israel for 23 July killing of Iranian scientist in Tehran; both rejected accusation.

Iran

  |  1 Jul 2011

Unchanged

Govt 14 June condemned any foreign action against Syrian govt crackdown on anti-regime protesters. EU 24 June imposed sanctions on 3 Revolutionary Guard commanders for supporting Assad regime’s crackdown. Opposition groups reported security forces 12 June attacked pro-reform demonstrators, arrested hundreds in Tehran marking anniversary of 2009 disputed presidential election. Leader of Iranian dissident group based in Iraq 18 June called on UN to protect group following April assault by Iraqi security forces that killed 34. Iranian nuclear chief Abbasi 20 June accused IAEA head Amano of pro-U.S. bias, said agency should focus on nuclear safety rather than “baseless and marginal issues”.

Iran

  |  1 Jun 2011

Unchanged

EU 23 May, U.S. 25 May extended sanctions against Iran to pressure Tehran to end nuclear program. IAEA report 24 May said it had new information alleging “possible military dimensions” to Iran’s nuclear program, director general Amano requested access to establish peaceful nature. Bahrain 23 May halted deal to import Iranian natural gas because of “blatant” interference in domestic affairs. President Ahmadinejad 14 May sacked 3 cabinet ministers, appointed caretaker ministers, including himself as interim oil minister, without seeking parliamentary approval; constitutional watchdog 20 May ruled self-appointment illegal. Govt 21 May said 30 people arrested as part of suspected CIA spy-ring. UN report 12 May accused Iran of exporting banned weapons to Syria; Syria denied allegations.

Iran

  |  1 May 2011

Unchanged

President Ahmadinejad 4 Apr called on Saudi Arabia to withdraw troops from Bahrain; Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) previous day condemned Iranian attempt to aggravate sectarian tensions (see Bahrain). U.S. 14 Apr accused Iran of helping Syria suppress anti-govt protests; Iran and Syria both rejected claims (see Syria). FM Salehi 9 Apr praised Iraq for 8 Apr deadly raid on camp of Iranian exiles considered terrorists by Tehran (see Iraq). Supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei 17 Apr rejected resignation of Intelligence Minister Moslehi in rare public disagreement with Ahmadinejad, who had earlier accepted resignation. Security forces 21 Apr killed 4 militants of “extreme” Wahhabi religious group in western Kurdistan province.

Iran

  |  1 Apr 2011

Unchanged

Head of IAEA 7 March criticised Iran for lack of cooperation; U.S. 9 March warned military aspects to Iran’s nuclear work “increasingly apparent”. Opposition 2 March said at least 79 arrested in 1 March rallies; security forces 8 March forcefully dispersed anti-govt demonstration in central Tehran. UNHCR 24 March established special rapporteur for Iran, Tehran criticised post as “politically motivated”. Govt 21 March called for immediate withdrawal of all foreign forces from Bahrain (see Bahrain). NATO officials 9 March said weapons cache including 48 rockets intercepted in Afghanistan en route from Iran to Taliban; foreign ministry 15 March denied reports. Turkey 19 March confiscated material illegal under UN sanctions in cargo plane en route from Tehran to Syria. 2 police officers killed 24 March by suspected militants in Kurdistan province.

Iran

  |  1 Mar 2011

Unchanged

Several activists and journalists detained ahead of 14 Feb anti-govt rallies, opposition leaders Mehdi Karoubi and Mir Hossein Mousavi late month placed in “safe house” by authorities for “own safety”. Security forces 14-15 Feb clashed with thousands of anti-govt protesters supporting successful uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt in Tehran; 2 killed, dozens wounded, hundreds detained in first mass opposition demonstration since Dec 2009. Pro-govt supporters clashed with opposition members 16 Feb at funeral of student killed in 14 Feb protests. Tens of thousands in 18 Feb pro-regime “hatred” rally in Tehran, demanded opposition leaders be sentenced to death for “rebellion”. 2 naval ships 22 Feb entered Suez Canal, first time since 1979 Islamic Revolution, bound for Syria on training mission; Israel denounced move as provocation (see Israel/OPT).

Iran

  |  1 Feb 2011

Unchanged

No progress during 21-22 Jan second round of nuclear talks between Iran and P5+1 in Istanbul; no further talks planned. Acting FM Ali Akbar Salehi 8 Jan announced Iran will make own fuel for nuclear reactor later this year, making any nuclear swap deal “lose its meaning”; Salehi approved by parliament as new FM 30 Jan. IAEA envoys, mainly from non-aligned nations, 16 Jan visited Natanz uranium enrichment plant; counterparts from China, Russia and the West either not invited or rejected offer. Israel PM Netanyahu 11 Jan said sanctions hurting Iran but only “credible” military threat led by U.S. can stop nuclear program. U.S. Sec State Clinton 19 Jan said Washington considering further unilateral sanctions over Iran’s nuclear programme. Intelligence services 10 Jan said  Mossad-linked suspects arrested in Jan 2010 assassination of nuclear physicist. Around 70 Christians detained in post-Christmas crackdown targeting groups authorities described as “hardliners”.

Iran

  |  3 Jan 2011

Unchanged

2 day nuclear talks 6-7 Dec in Geneva between Iran and P5+1 ended with agreement to hold more talks Jan in Istanbul; President Ahmadinejad 8 Dec said prepared to discuss possible nuclear fuel swap but no slowdown in atomic program. President Ahmadinejad 13 Dec fired FM Mottaki, 18 Dec named Salehi new acting FM; foreign ministry said nuclear and foreign policies will not change. 39 people killed 15 Dec in suicide bomb attack by Sunni Jundullah rebel group on mosque in southeastern city Chabahar; 11 people linked to group executed 20 Dec. Security forces 19 Dec deployed in Tehran for fear of repeat of 2007 rationing riots as fuel prices surged 400% following 18 Dec start of cuts to energy and food subsidies. U.S. 21 Dec imposed new sanctions on Iran aimed at 3 companies linked to Revolutionary Guards. Senior Revolutionary Guards commander 2 Jan announced 2 “Western drone reconnaissance” shot down.

  • “Thank you and goodbye”, Economist, 16 Dec. 2010.

Iran

  |  1 Dec 2010

Unchanged

EU foreign policy chief Ashton 30 Nov said Iran agreed to meet 6-7 Dec in Geneva reopening P5+1 discussion on nuclear program, rejected Tehran’s preferred venue Istanbul. President Ahmedinejad 10 Nov said right to nuclear capabilities non-negotiable; same day accused IAEA of leaking information to U.S., justification for refusal to allow inspectors unannounced access to nuclear facilities. Govt 23 Nov refuted reports uranium enrichment activities halted; nuclear chief 27 Nov said Bushehr nuclear power plant operational by Jan 2011. 2 car bombs 29 Nov in Tehran killed senior nuclear scientist, wounded another; Interior Minister Najjar accused CIA and Mossad of “terrorist act”. U.S. Sec Defence Gates 8 Nov rejected Israeli PM Netanyahu’s demand U.S. mount credible military threat against Iran, said options not limited to military. President Ahmedinejad 9 Nov accused Expediency Council, headed by rival Hashemi Rafsanjani, of acting in violation of constitution.

Iran

  |  1 Oct 2010

Unchanged

IAEA chief 13 Sept said cannot confirm all Iranian nuclear activity peaceful, Tehran barring inspectors. Amid worsening relations between Iran and IAEA, Tehran 20 Sept said IAEA in crisis of “moral authority and credibility”. U.S., EU urged Iran to return to negotiations; President Ahmadinejad said ready for nuclear talks. Iran 26 Sept admitted nuclear programme affected by computer worm, accused U.S. of launching cyber war; 28 Sept said activation of Bushehr nuclear plant delayed by months, denied link with virus. Former president Rafsanjani 13 Sept criticised Ahmadinejad for not overcoming impact of sanctions. U.S. 29 Sept ordered new sanctions on Iranian officials for alleged human rights abuses. Defection of 2 Iranian diplomats in protest against regime announced 13 Sept. 22 Sept bomb attack on military parade in W Mahabad killed 12. In cross-border raid in Iraq, Iran 25 Sept reportedly killed 30 Kurdish fighters it blamed for bombing; raid denied by Kurdish rebels. Opposition websites reported 1 Sept attack on opposition leader Mehdi Karrubi’s house by Basij militia, 16 Sept attack on opposition leader Hossein Musavi’s office by security forces. Bans on 2 major opposition parties, 2 newspapers announced late month. Rights activist Shiva Nazar-Ahari sentenced to 6 years’ prison 18 Sept on charges including “warring against God”. Blogger Hossein Derakhshan sentenced to 19 years prison 28 Sept.

“UN clashes with Iran over barred inspectors”, Reuters, 13 Sept. 2010.

Iran

  |  1 Sep 2010

Unchanged

Start-up of Russian-built and supervised Bushehr nuclear plant, country’s first reactor, began 21 Aug. U.S. Chairman of Joint Chiefs of staff Mullen 1 Aug said U.S. has plan to attack Iran if necessary. U.S. 3 Aug announced further sanction measures. Iran 16 Aug said it will start building 10 uranium enrichment sites in March 2011, signed new law requiring govt to continue 20% uranium enrichment. Supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei 18 Aug said no talks on nuclear programme with U.S. until sanctions and military threats revoked. President Ahmadinejad 20 Aug said ready for immediate nuclear fuel swap talks, reportedly said Iran would stop 20% uranium enrichment if it receives fuel supply for research reactor. Nuclear chief Salehi 30 Aug said country would produce fuel for research reactor in 1 year. Press 18 Aug banned from publishing news on opposition leaders. 3 judiciary officials reportedly suspended 15 Aug over mistreatment of prisoners following disputed June 2009 elections. Assassination attempt against Ahmadinejad reported 4 Aug, denied by state media.

Iran

  |  1 Aug 2010

Unchanged

U.S. President Obama 1 July signed new sanctions on Iran, targeting financial and energy sectors; criticised by China 6 July. Russian President Medvedev 12 July said Iran acquiring ability to build nuclear bomb; FM Mottaki rejected claim. Atomic Energy Organization 7 July announced 1st nuclear power plant to open by late Sept. Parliament passed bills 18 July requiring govt to continue uranium enrichment to 20%, 19 July authorising govt to retaliate against countries inspecting Iranian cargo transporters under new UN sanctions. Following Istanbul talks with Turkish, Brazilian counterparts FM Mottaki 25 July announced readiness to reopen negotiations on nuclear program with P5+1 powers in Sept. EU 26 July imposed further sanctions, criticised by Russia 27 July, China 30 July. President Ahmadinejad 27 July said Iran will resume negotiations on nuclear program, but with conditions. Turkish FM Davutoğlu 28 July reported Iran will stop 20% uranium enrichment if fuel swap deal agreed; U.S. same day expressed readiness to follow up on fuel swap, resume P5+1 talks. Nuclear chief Salehi 30 July said ready for immediate talks with Vienna group on fuel swap deal. At least 27 killed in twin suicide bombs at Shi’ite mosque in Sistan-Baluchestan province; claimed by Sunni Jundallah group 16 July in retaliation for June execution of Abdulmalik Rigi. Police detained 40 following bombings, 16 July killed 6 in several incidents in province. Iran blamed West and Israel for attacks. Merchants in Tehran on strike from 6 July following reports of planned tax increase; 1 trader reportedly killed 7 July during police and militia raid on main bazaar.

Iran

  |  1 Jul 2010

Unchanged

UNSC 9 June approved 4th round of sanctions on Iran; Turkey and Brazil voted against, Lebanon abstained. Sanctions include tougher arms embargo, increased rules on financial transactions, travel bans, asset freezes. Iran same day said uranium enrichment to continue; President Ahmadinejad 15 June said fuel swap deal still possible, 16 June said country to expand nuclear programme, 28 June said no talks on nuclear programme until late Aug and only on certain conditions to “punish” West for sanctions. U.S., EU approved new sanctions implementing and building on UNSC measures. Iran 21 June banned 2 UN nuclear inspectors from country over “untruthful” report, 23 June said it had enriched 17kg uranium to 20%. Opposition leaders Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Mehdi Karrubi called off protest plans for 12 June anniversary of 2009 disputed election in face of govt warnings. Sporadic demonstrations 12 June reported across country, but generally calm amid large security presence in Tehran and other cities. State media reported 13 members of terrorist group arrested 13 June. Abdulmalik Rigi, alleged leader of Sunni insurgent group Jundallah, executed 20 June. Govt launched air and artillery attacks on Iraqi Kurdistan May-June including alleged 3 June Iranian troop incursion (see Iraq). State newspaper 10 June claimed 3 policemen killed in PJAK bomb attack, western Iran.


Iran

  |  1 Jun 2010

Unchanged

President Ahmadinejad 17 May signed new nuclear fuel swap deal with Brazilian President Lula, Turkish PM Erdogan. Per agreement Iran to deposit 1.2t low-enriched uranium in Turkey in exchange for 120kg research reactor fuel to be provided within 1 year by U.S., Russia, France, IAEA, pending their consent. U.S., EU 17 May expressed “serious concerns” over agreement but no formal rejection; China 18 May welcomed deal. After compromise agreement between P5+1 countries, U.S. 18 May submitted draft resolution to UNSC on further UN sanctions against Iran. Iranian parliamentary speaker Ali Larijani 23 May said no fuel swap to occur if sanctions are imposed. IAEA report 31 May said Iran continuing uranium enrichment, increasing stockpile. Police 25 May said will confront any “illegal” demonstrations on 1-year anniversary of disputed elections 12 June. Iranian security forces 5 May reportedly killed 5 members of PJAK Kurdish guerrilla group in Kermanshah. 5 pro-Kurdish activists hanged in Tehran 9 May on convictions of membership of armed opposition groups, involvement in bombings. Iranian Kurds 9 May reportedly rallied in large numbers to protest executions.


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