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CrisisWatch Database

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75 results found
Items 1 - 50 of 75 First   Previous   Next   Last

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Aug 2014

Unchanged

President 5 July created new “Haysimo” region with provincial capital of Taleh, following increased tensions with Puntland over Sool and Sanaag border regions. FM 3 July announced talks with Somali Federal Govt (SFG) planned for Aug.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jul 2014

Unchanged

Army 12 June captured Taleh town in disputed Sool region during “Khatumo 3” conference for election of self-declared Khatumo state of Somalia; Puntland President Gas 14 June declared Puntland ready to defend its borders. Disputes within ruling Kulmiye party have translated into ethnic tensions; party chair Musa Bihi of Habar Awal clan accused President Mohamed Silanyo of Habr Je’lo clan of betrayal after president allegedly backed out of deal to support party chair’s 2015 presidential bid. At least 1 killed in 3 explosions 28 May-2 June in Hargeysa, President Silanyo blamed opponents.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jun 2014

Unchanged

Kenya govt 17 May announced plans to open diplomatic liaison office in Hargeisa, approved Somaliland liaison office in Nairobi. Govt forces 17 May attacked Sah-dher town, disputed Sool region.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 May 2014

Unchanged

Tensions between Somaliland and Puntland intensified; Somaliland govt forces 15 April entered Taleh town in Sool region, capital of self-declared “Khatumo” state and part of disputed Somaliland-Puntland area; Puntland govt promised tough response to “aggression”; 60 Somaliland soldiers 21 April reportedly surrendered to Puntland forces in Sanaag region. Police 7 April shut down Haatuf and Somaliland Times newspapers in Hargeisa, reportedly for allegedly insulting ministers and MPs.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Apr 2014

Unchanged

President Silanyo 16 March visited Lasqoray town in disputed Sanaag region for first time since 1991 following visits to disputed Somaliland-Puntland areas by Puntland ministers; Puntland information minister said move “aggressive and provoking”. Govt began deployment of new forces in disputed Baran area, Sanaag 23 March. Puntland President Gas 24 March accused Somaliland of supporting Al-Shabaab in Galgala hideouts; UN SRSG Nicholas Kay called for “maximum caution and avoidance of confrontation”.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Mar 2014

Unchanged

Somaliland authorities reportedly strengthening military capacity in Laascaanood city, Sool region, in response to comments by Puntland.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Feb 2014

Unchanged

Separatist Somaliland regional administration and Somalia Federal Govt (SFG) 19 Jan signed accord after 3 days of meetings in Turkey: committed to meeting once every 3 months, formulated roadmap for continuation of talks. Opposition groups denounced agreement, threatened to open own talks with SFG.

 

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Aug 2013

Unchanged

Third round of talks between Somali Federal Govt and separatist Somaliland govt held 7-9 July; parties agreed to co-manage national airspace, failed to agree on travel restrictions on politicians; Somaliland 15 July lifted UN flight ban imposed earlier this year.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jul 2013

Unchanged

Somaliland president Silanyo and FM Mohamed Abdilahi Omar 13 June met UN SRSG for Somalia Nicholas Kay, discussed establishment of UNSOM office in Hargeisa; govt reiterated position that UNSOM’s mandate does not extend into Somaliland. Authorities 18 June refused landing to federal govt authorised flight from Mogadishu.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jun 2013

Unchanged

President Silanyo 7 May refused to participate in international London Conference on Somalia as conference did not recognise Somaliland statehood. Govt 14 May banned UN flights from landing in Somaliland airports following 13 May agreement between UNDP and Somalian govt allowing Somalia to take responsibility for airspace starting end-2013.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 May 2013

Unchanged

President Silanyo and Somalia President Sheikh 14 April met in Turkey, signed communiqué vowing to meet again in 3 months to discuss improving relations. Upper House 15 April extended Lower House term to July 2015 due to failure to enact election law, postponed elections for Upper House due in May 2014 to July 2016; terms already extended in 2010. Clan militia 16 April attacked Ainabo prison freeing clan leaders; police chief and 2 officers reportedly killed in gunfight.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Apr 2013

Unchanged

FM Mohamed Abdullahi Omar 7 March said Somalia govt not ready for arms embargo to be lifted, decision could bring insecurity to East Africa (see Somalia). President Silanyo 16 March said he will not participate in Second London Conference on Somalia citing lack of focus on Somaliland. Hargeisa court 20 March sentenced clan elder Rabi Yusuf Abdullahi to 2 years’ prison for participating in Aug 2012 meetings for formation of Somali govt. 1 killed 5 March in clashes between clan militias over Dec 2012 municipal election results in Harirad, Awdal.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Mar 2013

Unchanged

Security forces 5 Feb arrested Somalian parliamentarian originally from Somaliland, charged with treason for being elected to office in Somalia. Clan leader Rabi Yusuf Abdullahi who participated in Aug 2012 talks with Somalian govt arrested 12 Feb. President Silanyo 14 Feb declared ready for talks with Somalia, conditioned on independence for Somaliland. 3 Somaliland nationals working for UNFPA abducted 3 Feb by Khatumoo militiamen. Son of Faisal Ali Warabe, chairman of opposition party Justice and Welfare Party, arrested 16 Feb for connections with Al-Shabaab. 2 suspected of involvement in murder of Mufti in Garowe (see Somalia) arrested 18 Feb in Las Anod, Sool.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Feb 2013

Unchanged

1 killed, 3 wounded in Borama 30 Dec in protests against election results during VP Abdirahman Abdullahi Saylici’s visit. U.S. recognition of Somalia’s govt 21 Jan sparked political unrest in Somaliland, fears recognition represents setback to peace talks with Somalia and independence bid. Border clashes between Somaliland forces and Khaatumo State militia continued. Citing “specific threat to Westerners”, UK 27 Jan urged its citizens to leave Somaliland.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  30 Dec 2012

Unchanged

At least 3 killed, 7 injured in violent protests following 6 Dec release of preliminary district election results in Hargeisa; regional court validated vote late Dec following recount. Editor of Waaheen newspaper arrested 13 Dec, accused of publishing unsubstantiated allegations concerning rights violations.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Dec 2012

Unchanged

Local council elections held 28 Nov following peaceful campaign; Somali president congratulated Somaliland for democratic local elections. Tensions high, particularly in disputed Sool, Sanaag and Cayn region, claimed by Somaliland, Puntland and Khatumo State, pending announcement of results; media and electoral commission reported cancellation of election in certain disputed districts; fatalities reported in Hudun district following clashes between army and Khatumo militias.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Nov 2012

Unchanged

Journalist killed 23 Oct by gunmen in disputed Sool region amid growing concerns over harassment, arrest of journalists in Somaliland; UN SRSG Augustine Mahiga called for investigation. 4 wounded 23 Oct by landmine in Sool region; governor said al-Shabaab militants suspected.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jul 2012

Unchanged

5 govt delegates 20 June met with Somali govt representatives to discuss future of breakaway region; President Silanyo 28 June met with Somalia counterpart, agreed to continue dialogue, boost cooperation. Hargeisa head judge shot 11 June; Sool region Attorney General killed by gunmen late June. Skirmishes in breakaway Khatumo region continued.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jun 2012

Unchanged

Military court 17 May sentenced 17 civilians to death, 5 minors to life for 15 May clash with military that left 3 soldiers, 4 civilians dead. Deputy leader of opposition Democratic party Ali Borsed, opposition NDB leader Fowzia Haji Aden and opposition Jamhuriya party leader Mohamed Odawa arrested 1 May in Hargeisa, released several hours later; govt banned planned protests against electoral commission’s 20 April rejection of right to register their political parties.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 May 2012

Unchanged

At least 15 reportedly killed, dozens injured 1 April in clash between Somaliland forces and local militia in newly-declared breakaway Khatumo region; President Silanyo 2 April called for peace in region; FM Mohamed Abdullahi Omar 21 April said govt would not hold talks with Somalia’s Transitional Federal Govt (TFG) following inclusion of 2 Puntland ministers on dialogue committee appointed by TFG President Sharif.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Apr 2012

Unchanged

3 govt officials including senior presidential adviser arrested 10 March for misappropriation of food aid, dismissed from govt positions; President Silanyo 18 March dismissed 7 Ministers in cabinet reshuffle. At least 10 killed, scores injured mid-March when Gashamo district residents clashed with Ethiopian Zone Five new police. President Silanyo 3 March said govt ready to hold talks with leaders of self-proclaimed Khatumo state; at least 50 Somaliland soldiers reportedly defected to Khatumo 17 March.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Mar 2012

Unchanged

Fighters from newly declared Khaatumo state in disputed Ayn region 8 Feb clashed with army near Buhodle border town, 3 soldiers, 6 Khaatumo fighters killed, thousands of civilians displaced. 2 journalists arrested 20 Feb in ongoing media crackdown. Former president and opposition United People’s Democratic Party leader Riyale returned 16 Feb from Paris, where resident since loss in 2010 presidential polls, rejected 23 Feb London Conference; 18 Feb criticised govt offensive in Buhodle. Police 19 Feb arrested 2 reporters for Ogaal newspaper; 21 Feb arrested journalist Mohamed Abdirahman.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Feb 2012

Unchanged

Clashes mid to late Jan between troops and local militia near Buhodle left scores dead; Puntland called military action “naked aggression”. At least 2 anti-Somaliland demonstrators killed, 12 injured 21 Jan by govt forces in Las’anod. 21 journalists arrested 15 Jan, released day later, following protest at increasing press repression, closure of HornCable TV station accused of broadcasting anti-govt propaganda; 4 journalists arrested mid-month remain in jail.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  2 Jan 2012

Unchanged

3 killed 12 Dec in area contested by Somaliland and Somalia’s Puntland region, in clashes between pro-Somaliland ethnic group and group supporting Puntland. Leader of newly-formed Hizbullah Party arrested 19 Dec for forming Islamist party in violation of constitution.



Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Dec 2011

Unchanged

2 police officers killed 3 Nov in clash with gunmen in Erigavo town, Sanaag, area claimed by both Somaliland and Puntland. Puntland govt 9 Nov accused Somaliland security forces of killing 4, wounding 13 in Erigavo district, Sanaag 5-6 Nov.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Oct 2011

Unchanged

4 journalists arrested, govt placed further restrictions on press; Committee to Protect Journalists 12 Sept called on govt to stop harassing journalists, support press freedom. Authorities 23 Sept announced capture of senior al-Shabaab commander Isse Sulub Ige.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Sep 2011

Unchanged

Fierce fighting erupted 6 Aug in Taleh area, Sool region after delegation led by MP Saleban Yusuf Ali Kore ambushed by Puntland troops, who reportedly arrested 19 officials.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Aug 2011

Unchanged

In Las Anod, Sool region, authorities 3 July detained up to 20 people including tribal elders following wave of attacks against officials. Female police officer gunned down 17 July by unknown assailants; tribal elders blamed authorities for insecurity.  

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jul 2011

Unchanged

Authorities 10 June agreed to discuss disputed Sool, Sanaag, Cayn (SSC) regions with Puntland; 24 June met with SSC militia at Widhwidh peace conference. 18 June grenade attack on police station killed 2 soldiers in Los Anod, Sool region.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jun 2011

Unchanged

Sool, Sanaag & Cayn (SSC) militia 26 May reportedly ambushed Somaliland forces near Gambadhe, Sool region, multiple casualties. Somaliland 24 May replaced Somali shilling with new currency.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Mar 2011

Deteriorated

Self-proclaimed Somaliland republic forces 7 Feb fought with rebel militia in Sool, Sanag, Cayn (SSC) region, claimed by both Somaliland and Puntland. Local media reported more than 30 killed, 60 injured, over 3,000 displaced and at least 150 soldiers defected citing “clan massacres” of Harti sub-clan, Dhulbahante. Follows Dec reports Puntland hired private security firm to train forces.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Aug 2010

Improved

Somaliland Defeated incumbent President Kahin 26 July peacefully transferred power to successful opposition candidate Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo, after National Election Commission (NEC) announced Silanyo, Kulmiye Party, won 26 June presidential election; results endorsed 11 July by Chief Justice. EU heads of mission praised peaceful elections, commended NEC.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jul 2010

Unchanged

1st presidential election since 2003 held 26 June. Despite some reports of violence in southeast, including killing of 1 electoral commission worker in Sool, international observers said vote free and fair, reported high turnout. Ruling UDUP party 30 June asked electoral commission to delay releasing results, saying vote suffered from “huge irregularities”. 

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jun 2010

Unchanged

26 June date for presidential election set by National Electoral Commission formally approved after President Kahin gave backing 13 May. At least 7 killed 21 May when Ethiopian army clashed with Somali residents in Buhudle district on Ethiopian-Somaliland border.

 

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 May 2010

Unchanged

National Electoral Commission (NEC) 13 Apr announced presidential elections to be held in June, after 2-year delay, as ruling UDUP party and opposition parties signed electoral code of conduct. NEC 28 Apr said voter list completed. Court 14 Apr sentenced to death 3 people accused of Nov-Jan string of bomb attacks on security forces.

 

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Mar 2010

Unchanged

Recently formed electoral commission moved forward with registration process over month, hiring national registrar and announcing new procedures for reviewing and addressing previous registration fraud. Officials in Hargeysa 20 Feb appealed to international community to provide humanitarian aid for hundreds of thousands affected by prolonged drought.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Feb 2010

Unchanged

Parliament’s upper house closed 11 Jan following scuffles between MPs over committee positions. Police 11 Jan reported they had foiled attack on Hargeisa mosque; 4 policemen killed and several wounded in 13 and 24 Jan attacks by unidentified gunmen in Las Anod near Puntland border.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Sep 2009

Unchanged

Tensions between President Riyale and opposition continued to rise ahead of 27 Sept elections. Govt late July announced recently completed voter registration lists would be discarded due to technical problems jeopadizing reliability, rejected order from parliament to reinstate lists. Thousands demonstrated against move in capital Hargeisa 19 Aug; at least 37 arrested, including 2 opposition party officials. U.S. early month urged Riyale to reconsider discarded lists.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jan 2009

Unchanged

Govt 4 Dec offered use of ports for antipiracy efforts. President Riyale 24 Dec expressed concerns over security implications of troop withdrawal from Somalia in meeting with Ethiopian PM Meles.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Dec 2008

Unchanged

New rebel group Somali Unity Defense Alliance (SUDA) 10 Nov claimed responsibility for recent guerrilla attacks on Somaliland security forces, aiming to regain three regions currently under Somaliland control. Authorities 17 Nov announced second postponement of voter-registration due to security concerns after late-Oct bombings.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Nov 2008

Deteriorated

Over 25 killed, scores injured in coordinated suicide car bombings in Hargeisa 29 Oct, targeting Ethiopian embassy, UN offices and presidential palace; foreign workers being evacuated. Same-day car bombings believed to be connected hit security services in Bossasso, Puntland, killing at least 3. U.S. suggested al-Qaeda responsible, operating through Al-Shabaab; Muslim cleric arrested 30 Oct in Bossaso. 1 killed, 1 wounded 25 Oct after police fired on crowd in Borama during voter registration for March 2009 general elections; registration halted following 29 Oct attacks.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Sep 2008

Unchanged

Somaliland interior minister 11 Aug claimed militants with links to Al-Shabaab organising outside Burao in south; claim dismissed by opposition. Police 26 Aug arrested journalist reporting on opposition party convention.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Aug 2008

Unchanged

Mid-month standoff after Somaliland troops seized strategic coastal town Las Qoray in disputed Sanaag region; Puntland threatened retaliation, amid reports Somalia arming Puntland. Police 7 July reportedly killed 3 while dispersing protest against local administration decision in Somaliland capital Hargeisa.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jun 2008

Unchanged

Political deadlock over President Dahir Riyale’s 1-year term extension ended 20 May with govt-opposition agreement to hold local elections 15 Dec, presidential elections 15 Mar 2009.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 May 2008

Unchanged

Somaliland parliament granted President Dahir Riyale 1-year term extension 10 Apr ahead of May elections; bomb exploded in parliament building 9 Apr, no casualties. 2 reported killed in 27 Apr police crackdown on rioters.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Apr 2008

Unchanged

Somaliland created 6 new provinces 22 March ahead of April elections, redrew boundaries of disputed Sool and Sanaag. Puntland VP accused Somaliland of “fomenting war”. Somaliland President Riyale pardoned 78 prisoners from neighbouring Puntland.

 

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Mar 2008

Unchanged

German aid worker temporarily abducted 12 Feb. Somaliland government reported 5 gunmen, all from rival Puntland region, arrested; Puntland dismissed claims. Reports of Somaliland troop incursions into disputed Sanaag region 25 Feb. U.S. Assistant Sec. State for Africa Jendayi Frazer visited 3 Feb, fuelling rumour of U.S. recognition as state; U.S. said waiting on initial AU action.

 

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Feb 2008

Unchanged

Puntland reported at least 10 killed in 12-13 Jan clashes near Las Anod, in disputed Sool region, between militias allied to rival Somaliland and Puntland administrations. Soldiers reportedly fired on opposition demonstrators at pro-Somaliland independence protests in Hargeisa and Berbera.

 

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Jan 2008

Unchanged

Administration ordered 24 Somali journalists who fled Mogadishu to Somaliland capital Hargeysa to leave 4 December. President Dahir Rayale Kahin released 3 senior opposition politicians 18 December, imprisoned 5 months for forming “unauthorised” party.

Somaliland (Somalia)

  |  1 Dec 2007

Unchanged

Dhulbahante elders from Sool, Sanaag and Ayn regions rejected Somaliland administration at clan conference 17-22 November, amid reports Somaliland separatist troops moving deeper into Sool and closer to Puntland capital Garowe. 1 civilian reported killed as troops re-entered Las Anod, Sool’s captured capital, 7 November.

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CrisisWatch N°132

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