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Africa

Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform

Africa Report N°237, 6 June 2016

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Nigeria’s military is in distress. President Muhammadu Buhari’s over-due reforms aren’t yet enough to turn an under-resourced, over-stretched and corrupt army back into a professional force. A complete overhaul is needed, including accountability for human rights abuses, if Nigerians are not to be left at the mercy of Boko Haram and other armed groups.

Recent Reports

Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform, Africa Report N°237, 6 Jun 2016

Nigeria’s military is in distress. President Muhammadu Buhari’s over-due reforms aren’t yet enough to turn an under-resourced, over-stretched and corrupt army back into a professional force. A complete overhaul is needed, including accountability for human rights abuses, if Nigerians are not to be left at the mercy of Boko Haram and other armed groups.

South Sudan’s South: Conflict in the Equatorias, Africa Report N°236, 25 May 2016

The 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan reached a milestone with the formation of a transitional government in Juba in April. Yet fault lines like those in the Equatorias remain outstanding. A committed, inclusive political response is vital to stop low-level conflicts continuing indefinitely.

Burundi: A Dangerous Third Term, Africa Report N°235, 20 May 2016

The current political crisis has reopened the wounds of Burundi’s past. Hardliners now dominant in the government brutally stifle dissent, fuel ethnic hatred, and undermine the Arusha accord that framed Burundi’s peace for the past decade. The international community should push toward real dialogue, and prepare to intervene if violence escalates.

Boko Haram on the Back Foot?, Africa Briefing N°120, 4 May 2016

Boko Haram is losing ground, resources and fighters. But defeating the group and preventing a future insurgency needs more than military success. The 14 May summit in Abuja is an opportunity for Nigeria and its Lake Chad basin neighbours to prepare and implement what's been long overdue: a holistic response to the extremist group.

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa, Africa Report N°234, 14 Apr 2016

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has a formidable record in its efforts to promote peace in a particularly turbulent region. Still, reform is essential to give the organisation new impetus, and is ever more urgent as insecurity worsens throughout the Sahel and Lake Chad regions.

Chad: Between Ambition and Fragility, Africa Report N°233, 30 Mar 2016

Ahead of Chad’s presidential election on 10 April popular discontent is rising amid a major economic crisis, growing intra-religious tensions and deadly Boko Haram attacks. The regime that portrays itself as spearheading the fight against regional jihadism could see all sorts of violent actors gain influence at home if it pursues exclusionary politics and denies its people a viable social contract.

Sudan’s Islamists: From Salvation to Survival, Africa Briefing N°119, 21 Mar 2016

Sudan's government is in survival mode. As it drifts away from its former radical Islamist ideology toward a new foreign policy pragmatism, Western powers should encourage Khartoum to solve the internal wars that have done so much damage to the country and blocked the normalisation of external relations with this increasingly active player in the Middle East.

Zimbabwe: Stranded in Stasis, Africa Briefing N°118, 29 Feb 2016

Zimbabwe has not escaped its chronic crisis. Infighting over who will succeed the ailing 92-year-old President Robert Mugabe is stifling efforts to tackle insolvency, low rule of law, rampant unemployment and food insecurity. Zimbabwe needs international help to recover, but what it needs most is a leadership willing to act on much-needed reforms.

Ethiopia: Governing the Faithful, Africa Briefing N°117, 22 Feb 2016

Ethiopia’s struggle with domestic religious radicalisation has shifted toward top-down intervention, a policy that has contained violence but is generating new risks. Political accommodation and compromise are vital to defuse faith-based radicals’ opposition to what they perceive as overly secular rule by the dominant party.

Burkina Faso: Transition, Act II, Africa Briefing N°116, 7 Jan 2016

Burkina Faso’s democratically elected new government faces great challenges to deliver on justice, socio-economic needs and regional security. To succeed, authorities must resist the temptation to establish a new one-party hegemony. Instead, they should engage in social dialogue and political reconciliation, military reform, and friendly relations with neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire.
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Podcasts

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Extremism in Africa

14 April 2015: In this podcast, Crisis Group’s Africa program discusses radical extremist groups in Africa, from Boko Haram in Nigeria, to Al Shabaab in Somalia.

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Central African Republic: The roots of violence
Africa Report N°230
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Cameroon: The Threat of Religious Radicalism
Africa Report N°229
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The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm
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Elections in Burundi: Moment of Truth
Africa Report N°224
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Statement on Ebola and Conflict in West Africa
23 Sept 2014
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African Regional Security

DOUALA, Cameroon (Feb. 22, 2010) Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training during The first multinational exercise in the Gulf of Guinea, Obangame 2010. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Gary Keen/Released)

Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training. Photo: U.S. Navy/Gary Keen

From the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), African states are joining together to collectively reinforce and give life to their peace and security architecture. Please see below for a full collection of our reports covering African regional security issues.


The Gulf of Guinea: The New Danger Zone: Africa Report N°195, 12 Dec 2012

Français

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (II): Southern Africa, Africa Report N°191, 15 Oct 2012

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (I): Central Africa, Africa Report N°181, 7 Nov 2011

Français

中文