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Africa

Burkina Faso: Transition, Act II

Africa Briefing N°116, 7 January 2016

burkina-7jan15Burkina Faso’s democratically elected new government faces great challenges to deliver on justice, socio-economic needs and regional security. To succeed, authorities must resist the temptation to establish a new one-party hegemony. Instead, they should engage in social dialogue and political reconciliation, military reform, and friendly relations with neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire.

Recent Reports

Burkina Faso: Transition, Act II, Africa Briefing N°116, 7 Jan 2016

Burkina Faso’s democratically elected new government faces great challenges to deliver on justice, socio-economic needs and regional security. To succeed, authorities must resist the temptation to establish a new one-party hegemony. Instead, they should engage in social dialogue and political reconciliation, military reform, and friendly relations with neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire.

Mali: Peace from Below?, Africa Briefing N°115, 14 Dec 2015

Hesitant steps toward peace in Mali have been helped by the recent pacts signed in Anefis by pro-government armed groups and by rebel representatives. While not sufficient or without risks, they are rooted in local initiatives and tackle issues left out of June’s Bamako accord. This offers a serious opportunity to put the peace process back on track.

Kenya’s Somali North East: Devolution and Security, Africa Briefing N°114, 17 Nov 2015

Clan politics, poor services, growing corruption and disarray in the security forces are undermining Kenya’s newly formed north-eastern counties, allowing the violently extremist Al-Shabaab movement to infiltrate over the border from Somalia. To build security and capitalise on devolution’s potential, national government and county elites alike must become more pragmatic and inclusive.

The Politics behind the Ebola Crisis, Africa Report N°232, 28 Oct 2015

West Africa is still paying the price for its poor response to the Ebola epidemic. Where an early response could have prevented the worst, failures on all levels allowed Ebola to spread, exposing a deep rift between the population and political class of the countries affected. Unless all actors learn from the crisis, a similar disaster may be just a matter of time.

Somaliland: The Strains of Success, Africa Briefing N°113, 5 Oct 2015

Somaliland’s clan-based democracy has consolidated a state-like authority, kept the peace and attracted donors. But the territory now needs to reform its political bodies, judicial institutions and international engagements to protect itself from continued fragility in neighbouring Somalia – which rejects Somaliland’s independence claims – and civil war in nearby Yemen.

Curbing Violence in Nigeria (III): Revisiting the Niger Delta, Africa Report N°231, 29 Sep 2015

The Niger Delta is rich in resources, but poverty, unemployment and pollution could reignite a rebellion that ended in 2009. Despite the Boko Haram insurgency in the North East, Nigeria must fulfil its promises of support for the southern delta’s economic development, social justice, and environmental regeneration.

Central African Republic: The roots of violence, Africa Report N°230, 21 Sep 2015

In Central African Republic, the conflict between armed groups is now compounded by a conflict between armed communities. The roadmap to end the crisis including elections late 2015 presents only a short-term answer and risks exacerbating existing tensions. The transitional authorities and their international partners must address crucial issues by implementing a comprehensive disarmament policy and reaffirming that Muslims belong within the nation.

Cameroon: The Threat of Religious Radicalism, Africa Report N°229, 3 Sep 2015

​Religious intolerance is a growing but seriously underestimated risk in Cameroon, both between and inside the major faiths. To halt the spread of violent extremism in the country, Cameroon needs to bring all sects into a new social compact and within the bounds of a charter for religious tolerance.

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process, Africa Report N°228, 27 Jul 2015

Talks led by East Africa’s IGAD offer the best chance to end South Sudan’s spreading war. International partners must put aside their disillusionment and rally to the regional body’s new IGAD-PLUS mechanism to help mediators reach a deal.

The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm, Africa Report N°227, 25 Jun 2015

The Sahel’s trajectory is worrying; poverty and population growth, combined with growing jihadi extremism, contraband and human trafficking constitute the perfect storm of actual and potential instability. Without holistic, sustained efforts against entrenched criminal networks, misrule and underdevelopment, radicalisation and migration are likely to spread and exacerbate.

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Podcasts

africa-podcast-14apr15

Extremism in Africa

14 April 2015: In this podcast, Crisis Group’s Africa program discusses radical extremist groups in Africa, from Boko Haram in Nigeria, to Al Shabaab in Somalia.

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Latest Translations

Central African Republic: The roots of violence
Africa Report N°230
Now available in English
Cameroon: The Threat of Religious Radicalism
Africa Report N°229
Now available in English
The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm
Africa Report N°227
Now available in French
Elections in Burundi: Moment of Truth
Africa Report N°224
Now available in English

Statement

 

Statement on Ebola and Conflict in West Africa
23 Sept 2014
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African Regional Security

DOUALA, Cameroon (Feb. 22, 2010) Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training during The first multinational exercise in the Gulf of Guinea, Obangame 2010. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Gary Keen/Released)

Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training. Photo: U.S. Navy/Gary Keen

From the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), African states are joining together to collectively reinforce and give life to their peace and security architecture. Please see below for a full collection of our reports covering African regional security issues.


The Gulf of Guinea: The New Danger Zone: Africa Report N°195, 12 Dec 2012

Français

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (II): Southern Africa, Africa Report N°191, 15 Oct 2012

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (I): Central Africa, Africa Report N°181, 7 Nov 2011

Français

中文