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Africa

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa

Africa Report N°234, 14 April 2016

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The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has a formidable record in its efforts to promote peace in a particularly turbulent region. Still, reform is essential to give the organisation new impetus, and is ever more urgent as insecurity worsens throughout the Sahel and Lake Chad regions.

Recent Reports

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa, Africa Report N°234, 14 Apr 2016

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has a formidable record in its efforts to promote peace in a particularly turbulent region. Still, reform is essential to give the organisation new impetus, and is ever more urgent as insecurity worsens throughout the Sahel and Lake Chad regions.

Chad: Between Ambition and Fragility, Africa Report N°233, 30 Mar 2016

Ahead of Chad’s presidential election on 10 April popular discontent is rising amid a major economic crisis, growing intra-religious tensions and deadly Boko Haram attacks. The regime that portrays itself as spearheading the fight against regional jihadism could see all sorts of violent actors gain influence at home if it pursues exclusionary politics and denies its people a viable social contract.

Sudan’s Islamists: From Salvation to Survival, Africa Briefing N°119, 21 Mar 2016

Sudan's government is in survival mode. As it drifts away from its former radical Islamist ideology toward a new foreign policy pragmatism, Western powers should encourage Khartoum to solve the internal wars that have done so much damage to the country and blocked the normalisation of external relations with this increasingly active player in the Middle East.

Zimbabwe: Stranded in Stasis, Africa Briefing N°118, 29 Feb 2016

Zimbabwe has not escaped its chronic crisis. Infighting over who will succeed the ailing 92-year-old President Robert Mugabe is stifling efforts to tackle insolvency, low rule of law, rampant unemployment and food insecurity. Zimbabwe needs international help to recover, but what it needs most is a leadership willing to act on much-needed reforms.

Ethiopia: Governing the Faithful, Africa Briefing N°117, 22 Feb 2016

Ethiopia’s struggle with domestic religious radicalisation has shifted toward top-down intervention, a policy that has contained violence but is generating new risks. Political accommodation and compromise are vital to defuse faith-based radicals’ opposition to what they perceive as overly secular rule by the dominant party.

Burkina Faso: Transition, Act II, Africa Briefing N°116, 7 Jan 2016

Burkina Faso’s democratically elected new government faces great challenges to deliver on justice, socio-economic needs and regional security. To succeed, authorities must resist the temptation to establish a new one-party hegemony. Instead, they should engage in social dialogue and political reconciliation, military reform, and friendly relations with neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire.

Mali: Peace from Below?, Africa Briefing N°115, 14 Dec 2015

Hesitant steps toward peace in Mali have been helped by the recent pacts signed in Anefis by pro-government armed groups and by rebel representatives. While not sufficient or without risks, they are rooted in local initiatives and tackle issues left out of June’s Bamako accord. This offers a serious opportunity to put the peace process back on track.

Kenya’s Somali North East: Devolution and Security, Africa Briefing N°114, 17 Nov 2015

Clan politics, poor services, growing corruption and disarray in the security forces are undermining Kenya’s newly formed north-eastern counties, allowing the violently extremist Al-Shabaab movement to infiltrate over the border from Somalia. To build security and capitalise on devolution’s potential, national government and county elites alike must become more pragmatic and inclusive.

The Politics behind the Ebola Crisis, Africa Report N°232, 28 Oct 2015

West Africa is still paying the price for its poor response to the Ebola epidemic. Where an early response could have prevented the worst, failures on all levels allowed Ebola to spread, exposing a deep rift between the population and political class of the countries affected. Unless all actors learn from the crisis, a similar disaster may be just a matter of time.

Somaliland: The Strains of Success, Africa Briefing N°113, 5 Oct 2015

Somaliland’s clan-based democracy has consolidated a state-like authority, kept the peace and attracted donors. But the territory now needs to reform its political bodies, judicial institutions and international engagements to protect itself from continued fragility in neighbouring Somalia – which rejects Somaliland’s independence claims – and civil war in nearby Yemen.

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Podcasts

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Extremism in Africa

14 April 2015: In this podcast, Crisis Group’s Africa program discusses radical extremist groups in Africa, from Boko Haram in Nigeria, to Al Shabaab in Somalia.

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Statement

 

Statement on Ebola and Conflict in West Africa
23 Sept 2014
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African Regional Security

DOUALA, Cameroon (Feb. 22, 2010) Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training during The first multinational exercise in the Gulf of Guinea, Obangame 2010. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Gary Keen/Released)

Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training. Photo: U.S. Navy/Gary Keen

From the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), African states are joining together to collectively reinforce and give life to their peace and security architecture. Please see below for a full collection of our reports covering African regional security issues.


The Gulf of Guinea: The New Danger Zone: Africa Report N°195, 12 Dec 2012

Français

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (II): Southern Africa, Africa Report N°191, 15 Oct 2012

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (I): Central Africa, Africa Report N°181, 7 Nov 2011

Français

中文