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Africa

Mali: An Imposed Peace?

Africa Report N°226, 22 May 2015

A boy runs in front of a mural that reads "Peace", in Timbuktu July 24, 2013.

Fighting recently resumed in Mali, while a peace accord remains a façade. Both sides, with help from international mediators, need to re-open negotiations. They must go beyond prioritising security to include all belligerents and improve access to basic social services, jobs and justice.

Recent Reports

Mali: An Imposed Peace?, Africa Report N°226, 22 May 2015

Fighting recently resumed in Mali, while a peace accord remains a façade. Both sides, with help from international mediators, need to re-open negotiations. They must go beyond prioritising security to include all belligerents and improve access to basic social services, jobs and justice.

Congo: Is Democratic Change Possible?, Africa Report N°225, 5 May 2015

With the 2016 presidential elections approaching, tension in the Democratic Republic of Congo is increasing. President Kabila is nearing the end of his second term and political manoeuvring within the government to create conditions for a third term is mobilising popular opposition, testing the country’s fragile democratisation and stability. International pressure is now vital to find a peaceful way forward.

The Chaos in Darfur, Africa Briefing N°110, 22 Apr 2015

The two-year-old flare-up of violence in Darfur continues, adding 100,000 people this year to more than 2.5 million who have lost their homes since war began in 2003. Sudanese, regional and international peace processes have stalled. They should restart with parallel initiatives that take into better account all of Darfur’s communities and armed groups.

Elections in Burundi: Moment of Truth, Africa Report N°224, 17 Apr 2015

The ever-decreasing likelihood of a free and fair presidential election is in growing conflict with a popular desire for change in Burundi. To safeguard the Arusha principles agreed in 2000 to end Burundi’s civil war, the opposition and President Nkurunziza in particular must return to the path of democracy and dialogue.

Security Sector Reform in Guinea-Bissau: An Opportunity Not to Be Missed, Africa Briefing N°109, 19 Mar 2015

A legitimate civilian government, economic improvement and an army that has lost credibility are an opportunity for Guinea-Bissau. Regional and international partners meeting in Brussels on 25 March should commit to finance security sector reform to help the small state move beyond its history of military coups.

Sudan: The Prospects for “National Dialogue”, Africa Briefing N°108, 11 Mar 2015

President Bashir’s year-old promise of national dialogue is faltering through a lack of political will, factional manoeuvring, and looming elections. Though the threat of economic and political crisis has eased, renewed commitment to substantive, structured, broad-based dialogue is vital if Sudan is to escape the cycle of war and humanitarian crisis.

Sudan and South Sudan’s Merging Conflicts, Africa Report N°223, 29 Jan 2015

The conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan are increasingly merged. Halting drift toward a Uganda-Sudan proxy war on the Sudan-South Sudan border requires better coordination by regional organisations and more engagement by influential outside powers, notably China and the U.S., including via the UN Security Council. A UN-imposed arms embargo, improved border monitoring, and a UN panel of experts mandated to study the funding of South Sudan’s war are needed.

Sudan and South Sudan’s Merging Conflicts, Africa Report N°223, 29 Jan 2015

The conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan are increasingly merged. Halting drift toward a Uganda-Sudan proxy war on the Sudan-South Sudan border requires better coordination by regional organisations and more engagement by influential outside powers, notably China and the U.S., including via the UN Security Council. A UN-imposed arms embargo, improved border monitoring, and a UN panel of experts mandated to study the funding of South Sudan’s war are needed.

Burkina Faso: Nine Months to Complete the Transition, Africa Report N°222, 28 Jan 2015

Three months after Blaise Compaoré’s departure, Burkina Faso’s transition is moving forward in an uncertain context. The provisional government, with the help of its international partners, should initiate urgent reforms and ensure the October 2015 elections allow for peaceful, democratic change.

South Sudan: Jonglei – “We Have Always Been at War”, Africa Report N°221, 22 Dec 2014

South Sudan’s Jonglei state is emblematic of the regional, national and local challenges to peace and of the limitations of trying to resolve a conflict by engaging only two of the nearly two-dozen armed groups in the country.

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Elections in Burundi: Moment of Truth
Africa Report N°224
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Guinea’s Other Emergency: Organising Elections
Africa briefing N°106
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Mali: Last Chance in Algiers
Africa Briefing N°104
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The Central African Republic’s Hidden Conflict
Africa Briefing N°105
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African Regional Security

DOUALA, Cameroon (Feb. 22, 2010) Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training during The first multinational exercise in the Gulf of Guinea, Obangame 2010. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Gary Keen/Released)

Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training. Photo: U.S. Navy/Gary Keen

From the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), African states are joining together to collectively reinforce and give life to their peace and security architecture. Please see below for a full collection of our reports covering African regional security issues.


The Gulf of Guinea: The New Danger Zone: Africa Report N°195, 12 Dec 2012

Français

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (II): Southern Africa, Africa Report N°191, 15 Oct 2012

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (I): Central Africa, Africa Report N°181, 7 Nov 2011

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中文