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Central Africa

Congo: Ending the Status Quo

Africa Briefing N°107, 17 December 2014

North Kivu governor Julien Paluku meets with N'tabo Taberi (CHEKA) alongside MONUSCO, 26 April 2014. PHOTO: Mustafa Kemal

A new consensus and strategy are urgently needed to tackle the numerous, brutal armed groups in eastern Congo and to save the February 2013 Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework (PSCF) in the Great Lakes region.

Recent Reports

Congo: Ending the Status Quo, Africa Briefing N°107, 17 Dec 2014

A new consensus and strategy are urgently needed to tackle the numerous, brutal armed groups in eastern Congo and to save the February 2013 Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework (PSCF) in the Great Lakes region.

The Central African Republic’s Hidden Conflict, Africa Briefing N°105, 12 Dec 2014

Away from the international spotlight, the Central African Republic’s rural areas are turning into fields of violence as war over territory and livestock hits a highly vulnerable population, with effects increasingly felt in neighbouring Cameroon and Chad.

Cameroon: Prevention is Better than Cure, Africa Briefing N°101, 4 Sep 2014

Cameroon’s apparent stability belies the variety of internal and external pressures threatening the country’s future. Without social and political change, a weakened Cameroon could become another flashpoint in the region.

The Central African Crisis: From Predation to Stabilisation, Africa Report N°219, 17 Jun 2014

To stabilise the Central African Republic (CAR), the transitional government and its international partners need to prioritise, alongside security, action to fight corruption and trafficking of natural resources, as well as revive the economy. 中文

The Security Challenges of Pastoralism in Central Africa, Africa Report N°215, 1 Apr 2014

Sensible, inclusive regulation of pastoralism that has mitigated tension in parts of the Sahel should be extended to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR), where conflicts have worsened with the southward expansion of pastoralism.

Fields of Bitterness (II): Restitution and Reconciliation in Burundi, Africa Report N°214, 17 Feb 2014

To avoid a revival of past ethnic tensions between Hutu and Tutsi, Burundi needs to find the right balance between land restitution and national reconciliation. 

Fields of Bitterness (I): Land Reform in Burundi, Africa Report N°213, 12 Feb 2014

Unless the government revives land governance reform in Burundi, long-term peacebuilding efforts will remain compromised.

Central African Republic: Better Late than Never, Africa Briefing N°96, 2 Dec 2013

As the Central African Republic (CAR) stares into an abyss of potentially appalling proportions, the international community must focus on the quickest, most decisive means of restoring security to its population.

Understanding Conflict in Eastern Congo (I): The Ruzizi Plain, Africa Report N°206, 23 Jul 2013

The Framework Agreement signed by the UN, African organisations and eleven countries and the deployment of an intervention brigade in North Kivu are positive steps, but conflicts in the Kivu region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo also require a bottom-up approach aimed at improving intercommunal relations and restoring peace at the local level.

Central African Republic: Priorities of the Transition, Africa Report N°203, 11 Jun 2013

The collapse of the state and the disappearance of security forces from a large part of the territory may turn the Central African Republic (CAR) into a source of instability in the heart of Africa. 中文

Eastern Congo: The ADF-NALU’s Lost Rebellion, Africa Briefing N°93, 19 Dec 2012

The fight against entrenched armed groups in eastern Congo such as the ADF-Nalu needs to switch from a military to an intelligence-based approach. The full briefing is only available in French.

中文

The Gulf of Guinea: The New Danger Zone, Africa Report N°195, 12 Dec 2012

Rising piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, which supplies around 40 per cent of Europe’s oil and 29 per cent of the U.S.’s, demands effective regional security cooperation and better economic governance to prevent the region becoming another Gulf of Aden. The full report is currently only available in French.

中文

Burundi: Bye-bye Arusha?, Africa Report N°192, 25 Oct 2012

Since the 2010 boycotted elections, Burundi is steadily drifting away from what was initially regarded as a peacemaking model, and violence from both the ruling party and the opposition is threatening stability.

中文

Eastern Congo: Why Stabilisation Failed, Africa Briefing N°91, 4 Oct 2012

The Kivus region of eastern Congo again faces escalating violence, including by a rebel force acting as a proxy of neighbouring Rwanda. To stop the repetitive cycle of rebellion and avoid large-scale killing, donors and African mediators need to move from crisis management to conflict resolution with the right set of pressures on Kigali and Kinshasa.

Black Gold in the Congo: Threat to Stability or Development Opportunity?, Africa Report N°188, 11 Jul 2012

Renewed oil interest in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) could nurture communal resentments, exacerbate deep-rooted conflict dynamics and weaken national cohesion.
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African Regional Security

DOUALA, Cameroon (Feb. 22, 2010) Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training during The first multinational exercise in the Gulf of Guinea, Obangame 2010. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Gary Keen/Released)

Military personnel from Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo and the U.S. conducting multinational maritime interdiction training. Photo: U.S. Navy/Gary Keen

From the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), African states are joining together to collectively reinforce and give life to their peace and security architecture. Please see below for a full collection of our reports covering African regional security issues.


The Gulf of Guinea: The New Danger Zone: Africa Report N°195, 12 Dec 2012

Français

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (II): Southern Africa, Africa Report N°191, 15 Oct 2012

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (I): Central Africa, Africa Report N°181, 7 Nov 2011

Français

中文

Podcast




The Lord's Resistance Army continues to pose a terrible threat to civilians across Central Africa. Crisis Group’s Central Africa Analyst Edward Dalby explains why the LRA moved into Darfur, how it could upset the fragile peace in north east Central African Republic and what the international community should be doing about it. Listen