The Framework Agreement signed by the UN, African organisations and eleven countries and the deployment of an intervention brigade in North Kivu are positive steps, but conflicts in the Kivu region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo also require a bottom-up approach aimed at improving intercommunal relations and restoring peace at the local level.
01 July 2014
Clashes between Rwandan and Congolese troops at border in Kanyecheza, north of Goma/Gisenyi, killed up to 5 FARDC soldiers 11-12 June; Rwanda and DRC traded blame, Kigali reasserted allegation FARDC ...
The fight against entrenched armed groups in eastern Congo such as the ADF-Nalu needs to switch from a military to an intelligence-based approach. The full briefing is only available in French.
The Kivus region of eastern Congo again faces escalating violence, including by a rebel force acting as a proxy of neighbouring Rwanda. To stop the repetitive cycle of rebellion and avoid large-scale killing, donors and African mediators need to move from crisis management to conflict resolution with the right set of pressures on Kigali and Kinshasa.
The technical preparations for the presidential and legislative elections scheduled on 28 November and the beginning of the electoral campaign in the East of Congo have generated suspicion that risks developing into a crisis of confidence in the whole electoral process.
Faced with the dilemma of respecting the constitutional deadline and organising botched elections, or ignoring that deadline and sliding into a situation of unconstitutional power, the Congolese authorities have chosen the first option.
The attempt by Congo and Rwanda to end the deadly conflict in eastern Congo by a secret presidential deal and military force is failing and must be changed fundamentally by the Kinshasa government and the international community.
State building in the Democratic Republic of Congo is at risk of failing without a new impetus to support democratic consolidation in 2010.
The joint Congo (DRC)-Rwanda military push against the Rwandan Hutu rebels has ended with scant results. Fifteen years after the Rwanda genocide and the establishment of those rebels in the eastern Congo, they have not yet been disarmed and remain a source of extreme violence against civilians.
The deal struck by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda for renewed military and political cooperation is an important step forward, but is not sufficient to bring peace to the Kivus. Their five-week joint military operation did not produce significant results against the Rwandan Hutu rebels.
4 April 2010: A multimedia presentation on the renewed violence in DR Congo's North Kivu province, featuring an interview with Arica Program Director Francois Grignon, a timeline, interactive maps, and historical background.
La crise au CongoNov 2008: François Grignon, Directeur du programme Afrique de Crisis Group, analyse la crise actuelle en République démocratique du Congo.
DR Congo’s Goma: Avoiding a New Regional War
20 Nov 2012
DR Congo: Saving the Elections
8 Dec 2011
Conflict Risk Alert: DR Congo
27 Jan 2009
Joint NGO statement on DR Congo election 20 Dec 2011Read More
Urgent Media Release: DR Congo: Saving the Elections 8 Dec 2011Read More
DR Congo: As Electoral Campaign Starts, Congolese and International NGOs Call for Urgent Measures to Prevent Escalating Violence
28 Oct 2011Read More
RDC-Centrafrique : Conflits jumeaux ?
6 Jan 2013
Interview (in French) with Thierry Vircoulon, Project Director, Central Africa.
La situation dans l’Est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC)
20 Dec 2012
Presentation (in French/Dutch) to the Foreign Affairs Committee of Belgium with introduction by Thierry Vircoulon, Project Director, Central Africa.
L'enjeu des négociations de Kampala : Comment sortir du cycle des rébellions ?
12 Jan 2013: Thierry Vircoulon, Directeur du projet Afrique centrale, discute les solutions possibles pour améliorer la crise dans les Kivus, DR Congo.
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