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DR Congo

Congo: Ending the Status Quo

Africa Briefing N°107, 17 December 2014

North Kivu governor Julien Paluku meets with N'tabo Taberi (CHEKA) alongside MONUSCO, 26 April 2014. PHOTO: Mustafa Kemal

A new consensus and strategy are urgently needed to tackle the numerous, brutal armed groups in eastern Congo and to save the February 2013 Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework (PSCF) in the Great Lakes region.

Recent Reports

Congo: Ending the Status Quo, Africa Briefing N°107, 17 Dec 2014

A new consensus and strategy are urgently needed to tackle the numerous, brutal armed groups in eastern Congo and to save the February 2013 Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework (PSCF) in the Great Lakes region.

Understanding Conflict in Eastern Congo (I): The Ruzizi Plain, Africa Report N°206, 23 Jul 2013

The Framework Agreement signed by the UN, African organisations and eleven countries and the deployment of an intervention brigade in North Kivu are positive steps, but conflicts in the Kivu region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo also require a bottom-up approach aimed at improving intercommunal relations and restoring peace at the local level.

Eastern Congo: The ADF-NALU’s Lost Rebellion, Africa Briefing N°93, 19 Dec 2012

The fight against entrenched armed groups in eastern Congo such as the ADF-Nalu needs to switch from a military to an intelligence-based approach. The full briefing is only available in French.


Eastern Congo: Why Stabilisation Failed, Africa Briefing N°91, 4 Oct 2012

The Kivus region of eastern Congo again faces escalating violence, including by a rebel force acting as a proxy of neighbouring Rwanda. To stop the repetitive cycle of rebellion and avoid large-scale killing, donors and African mediators need to move from crisis management to conflict resolution with the right set of pressures on Kigali and Kinshasa.

Black Gold in the Congo: Threat to Stability or Development Opportunity?, Africa Report N°188, 11 Jul 2012

Renewed oil interest in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) could nurture communal resentments, exacerbate deep-rooted conflict dynamics and weaken national cohesion.

Congo: The Electoral Process Seen from the East, Africa Briefing N°80, 5 Sep 2011

The technical preparations for the presidential and legislative elections scheduled on 28 November and the beginning of the electoral campaign in the East of Congo have generated suspicion that risks developing into a crisis of confidence in the whole electoral process.

Congo: The Electoral Dilemma, Africa Report N°175, 5 May 2011

Faced with the dilemma of respecting the constitutional deadline and organising botched elections, or ignoring that deadline and sliding into a situation of unconstitutional power, the Congolese authorities have chosen the first option.


Congo: No Stability in Kivu despite Rapprochement with Rwanda, Africa Report N°165, 16 Nov 2010

The attempt by Congo and Rwanda to end the deadly conflict in eastern Congo by a secret presidential deal and military force is failing and must be changed fundamentally by the Kinshasa government and the international community.

Congo: A Stalled Democratic Agenda, Africa Briefing N°73, 8 Apr 2010

State building in the Democratic Republic of Congo is at risk of failing without a new impetus to support democratic consolidation in 2010.


Congo: A Comprehensive Strategy to Disarm the FDLR, Africa Report N°151, 9 Jul 2009

The joint Congo (DRC)-Rwanda military push against the Rwandan Hutu rebels has ended with scant results. Fifteen years after the Rwanda genocide and the establishment of those rebels in the eastern Congo, they have not yet been disarmed and remain a source of extreme violence against civilians.

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A burnt car sits on January 22, 2015 in Kinshasa on the fourth day of violent protests against President Joseph Kabila. AFP/PAPY MULONGO

DRC Protests: The Government’s Election Law Must be Revised – or Withdrawn

23 January 2015
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Joint NGO statement on DR Congo election
20 Dec 2011
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Urgent Media Release: DR Congo: Saving the Elections
8 Dec 2011
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DR Congo: As Electoral Campaign Starts, Congolese and International NGOs Call for Urgent Measures to Prevent Escalating Violence
28 Oct 2011
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Interactive Presentations

DR Congo Conflict Map
Fighting in Eastern DR Congo
18 Jan 2013:
Please see our interactive map for updates on fighting in Eastern DR Congo. This map will be updated and revised in light of new information from the conflict area.

Congo Re-erupts
4 April 2010:
A multimedia presentation on the renewed violence in DR Congo's North Kivu province, featuring an interview with Arica Program Director Francois Grignon, a timeline, interactive maps, and historical background.


La crise au Congo
Nov 2008:
François Grignon, Directeur du programme Afrique de Crisis Group, analyse la crise actuelle en République démocratique du Congo.

Conflict Alert

DR Congo’s Goma: Avoiding a New Regional War
20 Nov 2012
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DR Congo: Saving the Elections
8 Dec 2011
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Conflict Risk Alert: DR Congo
27 Jan 2009
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RDC-Centrafrique : Conflits jumeaux ?
6 Jan 2013
Interview (in French) with Thierry Vircoulon, Project Director, Central Africa.


La situation dans l’Est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC)
20 Dec 2012 
Presentation (in French/Dutch) to the Foreign Affairs Committee of Belgium with introduction by Thierry Vircoulon, Project Director, Central Africa.

Latest Podcast

DR Congo Podcast

L'enjeu des négociations de Kampala : Comment sortir du cycle des rébellions ?

12 Jan 2013: Thierry Vircoulon, Directeur du projet Afrique centrale, discute les solutions possibles pour améliorer la crise dans les Kivus, DR Congo.