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Horn of Africa

South Sudan: Jonglei – “We Have Always Been at War”

Africa Report N°221, 22 December 2014

SPLA soldiers stand as a helicopter is seen after flying a trip to Bor, at Juba airport, South Sudan, January 25, 2014. The violence since mid-December 2013, the worst in South Sudan since it won its independence from Sudan in 2011, has killed thousands of people and driven more than half a million from their homes. REUTERS/Andreea Campeanu

South Sudan’s Jonglei state is emblematic of the regional, national and local challenges to peace and of the limitations of trying to resolve a conflict by engaging only two of the nearly two-dozen armed groups in the country.

Recent Reports

South Sudan: Jonglei – “We Have Always Been at War”, Africa Report N°221, 22 Dec 2014

South Sudan’s Jonglei state is emblematic of the regional, national and local challenges to peace and of the limitations of trying to resolve a conflict by engaging only two of the nearly two-dozen armed groups in the country.

Kenya: Al-Shabaab – Closer to Home, Africa Briefing N°102, 25 Sep 2014

One year after the Westgate attack, Al-Shabaab has become more entrenched and active in Kenya. Meanwhile, the country’s immediate post-Westgate unity has broken down in the face of increasing attacks, and the political elites, security services, and ethnic and faith communities are beset by mutual suspicion and recriminations.

Eritrea: Ending the Exodus?, Africa Briefing N°100, 8 Aug 2014

Eritrea’s youth exodus has significantly reduced the young nation’s human capital. While this has had advantages for the government – allowing the departure of those most dissatisfied and most likely to press for political change – the growing social and political impact of mass migration at home and abroad demands concerted domestic and international action.

Somalia: Al-Shabaab – It Will Be a Long War, Africa Briefing N°99, 26 Jun 2014

Despite military gains against Somalia’s Islamist group Al-Shabaab, the insurgents’ defeat will remain elusive until the Somali government and its international partners address longstanding social – often clan-based – grievances through parallel local and national processes, as the basis for the revival of conventional governmental authority.

South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name, Africa Report N°217, 10 Apr 2014

Refocusing international engagement as well as the peace negotiations is essential to stop South Sudan’s raging civil war from claiming ever more lives. 中文

Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (III): The Limits of Darfur’s Peace Process, Africa Report N°211, 27 Jan 2014

If Darfur is to have durable peace, all parties to the country’s multiple conflicts need to develop a more holistic means of addressing both local conflicts and nationwide grievances.

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Somalia: Puntland’s Punted Polls, Africa Briefing N°97, 19 Dec 2013

Puntland’s presidential election, scheduled for January, threatens to exacerbate clan tensions and polarise the population. To keep the regional state on the path of democratisation, deep investment from local, national and international actors will be crucial. 

Sudan: Preserving Peace in the East, Africa Report N°209, 26 Nov 2013

Unless the marginalisation of Sudan’s East is addressed, renewed war and further fragmentation of the country is a growing possibility.

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Ethiopia: Prospects for Peace in Ogaden, Africa Report N°207, 6 Aug 2013

The most credible attempt at talks to end decades of armed conflict in Ogaden may soon resume, but concerted efforts need to be made to guide them to a peaceful resolution.

Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (II): War in Blue Nile, Africa Report N°204, 18 Jun 2013

The war in Sudan’s Blue Nile state will grind on until the Khartoum government re-engages in national dialogue with opposition forces, including the Blue Nile rebels.

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