The conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan are increasingly merged. Halting drift toward a Uganda-Sudan proxy war on the Sudan-South Sudan border requires better coordination by regional organisations and more engagement by influential outside powers, notably China and the U.S., including via the UN Security Council. A UN-imposed arms embargo, improved border monitoring, and a UN panel of experts mandated to study the funding of South Sudan’s war are needed.
01 July 2015
Kenyan President Kenyatta 29 May announced “merger” of IGAD peace process and SPLM reunification process. Delegation of five out of ten SPLM-Former Detainees (FDs) early June visited S ...
South Sudan’s Jonglei state is emblematic of the regional, national and local challenges to peace and of the limitations of trying to resolve a conflict by engaging only two of the nearly two-dozen armed groups in the country.
Following its oil interests and other opportunities to Juba, China is building a new relationship with South Sudan but finds itself drawn into a dangerous dispute that risks bringing the Sudans back to conflict.
Unity State, a territory of unique importance and complexity in the fragile new country of South Sudan, faces a perfect storm of political, social, economic, and security dilemmas.
Now that South Sudan’s self-determination has been realised, long-suppressed grievances and simmering political disputes have re-surfaced, threatening instability on the eve of independence.
As South Sudan’s critical self-determination referendum looms, the foundation for a constructive relationship between North and South is yet to be laid.
Sudan’s North and South must take political action to define their mutual boundary if they hope to avoid future complications, including a return to conflict.
If, as likely, South Sudan decides to secede from the North at its January 2011 self-determination referendum, it will need support from Sudan’s neighbours to ensure the decision is respected and new conflict is prevented.
Conflicts among tribes have claimed several thousand lives in South Sudan in 2009, with the worst violence in and around the vast, often impassable state of Jonglei. Violence often afflicts pastoral communities, but in this area it has taken on a new and dangerously politicised character.
South Sudan: No Sanctions without a Strategy
29 June 2015: As South Sudan’s civil war continues unabated and multiple peace processes and initiatives create little tangible progress, members of the UN Security Council are seeking to adopt sanctions against six generals. This would in effect punish past wrongdoing and risk compromising ongoing peace efforts.
Conflict Alert: Looming Military Offensives in South Sudan
29 October 2014
Conflict Alert: Halting South Sudan's Spreading Civil War
7 July 2014
Preventing Full-scale War between Sudan and South Sudan
18 Apr 2012
Stopping the Spread of Sudan’s New Civil War
26 Sep 2011
Sudan and South Sudan
29 April 2014: In this series of video interviews, Casie Copeland, Crisis Group's South Sudan Consulting Analyst and Jérôme Tubiana, Crisis Group's Sudan Senior Analyst discuss the escalating conflict in Sudan and South Sudan.
South Sudan Needs Respected Outside Mediation
18 December 2013: The scenario many feared but dared not contemplate looks frighteningly possible: South Sudan, the world’s newest state, is now arguably on the cusp of a civil war.
An Eyewitness Account of South Sudan's Independence
15 July 2011: In this audio slideshow, Crisis Group's Sudan Analyst Zach Vertin talks about his impressions from South Sudan's historic independence day on 9 July, and the challenges facing the new nation in the future.
Sudan: Sliding into a New Civil War?
28 October 2011: South Sudan obtained its independence, but Sudan’s crisis is far from being over. Fighting broke out in Southern Kordofan, Abyei, and finally in Blue Nile State. Fouad Hikmat, Crisis Group’s Special Advisor on Sudan and the African Union, explains why peace is still elusive in Sudan.
هل ينزلق السودان في حرب أهلية جديدة؟
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