Following its oil interests and other opportunities to Juba, China is building a new relationship with South Sudan but finds itself drawn into a dangerous dispute that risks bringing the Sudans back to conflict.
01 March 2014
Violence escalated ahead of rainy season despite 23 Jan ceasefire with reports of atrocities on both sides; tens of thousands fled fighting. Second round of talks between govt and “SPLM/A-in-O ...
Unity State, a territory of unique importance and complexity in the fragile new country of South Sudan, faces a perfect storm of political, social, economic, and security dilemmas.
Now that South Sudan’s self-determination has been realised, long-suppressed grievances and simmering political disputes have re-surfaced, threatening instability on the eve of independence.
As South Sudan’s critical self-determination referendum looms, the foundation for a constructive relationship between North and South is yet to be laid.
Sudan’s North and South must take political action to define their mutual boundary if they hope to avoid future complications, including a return to conflict.
If, as likely, South Sudan decides to secede from the North at its January 2011 self-determination referendum, it will need support from Sudan’s neighbours to ensure the decision is respected and new conflict is prevented.
Conflicts among tribes have claimed several thousand lives in South Sudan in 2009, with the worst violence in and around the vast, often impassable state of Jonglei. Violence often afflicts pastoral communities, but in this area it has taken on a new and dangerously politicised character.
South Sudan Needs Respected Outside Mediation
18 December 2013: The scenario many feared but dared not contemplate looks frighteningly possible: South Sudan, the world’s newest state, is now arguably on the cusp of a civil war.
Preventing Full-scale War between Sudan and South Sudan
18 Apr 2012
Stopping the Spread of Sudan’s New Civil War
26 Sep 2011
Sudan: Sliding into a New Civil War?
28 October 2011: South Sudan obtained its independence, but Sudan’s crisis is far from being over. Fighting broke out in Southern Kordofan, Abyei, and finally in Blue Nile State. Fouad Hikmat, Crisis Group’s Special Advisor on Sudan and the African Union, explains why peace is still elusive in Sudan.
هل ينزلق السودان في حرب أهلية جديدة؟
An Eyewitness Account of South Sudan's Independence
15 July 2011: In this audio slideshow, Crisis Group's Sudan Analyst Zach Vertin talks about his impressions from South Sudan's historic independence day on 9 July, and the challenges facing the new nation in the future.
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