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South Sudan

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process

Africa Report N°228, 27 July 2015

Photo courtesy of IGAD

Talks led by East Africa’s IGAD offer the best chance to end South Sudan’s spreading war. International partners must put aside their disillusionment and rally to the regional body’s new IGAD-PLUS mechanism to help mediators reach a deal.

Recent Reports

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process, Africa Report N°228, 27 Jul 2015

Talks led by East Africa’s IGAD offer the best chance to end South Sudan’s spreading war. International partners must put aside their disillusionment and rally to the regional body’s new IGAD-PLUS mechanism to help mediators reach a deal.

Sudan and South Sudan’s Merging Conflicts, Africa Report N°223, 29 Jan 2015

The conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan are increasingly merged. Halting drift toward a Uganda-Sudan proxy war on the Sudan-South Sudan border requires better coordination by regional organisations and more engagement by influential outside powers, notably China and the U.S., including via the UN Security Council. A UN-imposed arms embargo, improved border monitoring, and a UN panel of experts mandated to study the funding of South Sudan’s war are needed.

South Sudan: Jonglei – “We Have Always Been at War”, Africa Report N°221, 22 Dec 2014

South Sudan’s Jonglei state is emblematic of the regional, national and local challenges to peace and of the limitations of trying to resolve a conflict by engaging only two of the nearly two-dozen armed groups in the country.

South Sudan: A Civil War by Any Other Name, Africa Report N°217, 10 Apr 2014

Refocusing international engagement as well as the peace negotiations is essential to stop South Sudan’s raging civil war from claiming ever more lives. 中文

China’s New Courtship in South Sudan, Africa Report N°186, 4 Apr 2012

Following its oil interests and other opportunities to Juba, China is building a new relationship with South Sudan but finds itself drawn into a dangerous dispute that risks bringing the Sudans back to conflict.


South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State, Africa Report N°179 , 17 Oct 2011

Unity State, a territory of unique importance and complexity in the fragile new country of South Sudan, faces a perfect storm of political, social, economic, and security dilemmas.


Politics and Transition in the New South Sudan, Africa Report N°172, 4 Apr 2011

Now that South Sudan’s self-determination has been realised, long-suppressed grievances and simmering political disputes have re-surfaced, threatening instability on the eve of independence.


Negotiating Sudan’s North-South Future, Africa Briefing N°76, 23 Nov 2010

As South Sudan’s critical self-determination referendum looms, the foundation for a constructive relationship between North and South is yet to be laid.


Sudan: Defining the North-South Border, Africa Briefing N°75, 2 Sep 2010

Sudan’s North and South must take political action to define their mutual boundary if they hope to avoid future complications, including a return to conflict.

Sudan: Regional Perspectives on the Prospect of Southern Independence, Africa Report Nº159, 6 May 2010

If, as likely, South Sudan decides to secede from the North at its January 2011 self-determination referendum, it will need support from Sudan’s neighbours to ensure the decision is respected and new conflict is prevented.

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South Sudan: On the Brink of Renewed War

17 December 2015: A major breach of the agreement signed in Addis Ababa and Juba in August to end South Sudan’s now two-year old civil war is increasingly likely.

South Sudan: No Sanctions without a Strategy

29 June 2015: As South Sudan’s civil war continues unabated and multiple peace processes and initiatives create little tangible progress, members of the UN Security Council are seeking to adopt sanctions against six generals. This would in effect punish past wrongdoing and risk compromising ongoing peace efforts.

Conflict Alert

Conflict Alert: Looming Military Offensives in South Sudan
29 October 2014
Read more

Conflict Alert: Halting South Sudan's Spreading Civil War
7 July 2014
Read more

Preventing Full-scale War between Sudan and South Sudan
18 Apr 2012
Read more

Stopping the Spread of Sudan’s New Civil War
26 Sep 2011
Read more



Challenges for South Sudan and the Role of International Community

9 February 2016: International Crisis Group and the Embassy of Japan in Belgium co-hosted the event "From Prolonged Crisis to Sustainable Peace: Challenges for South Sudan and the Role of the International Community", on 17 November 2015 in Brussels to discuss how to support the August peace agreement to end South Sudan’s civil war.

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process

27 July 2015: Watch Crisis Group's South Sudan Analyst Casie Copeland explain how IGAD can overcome its challenges.

Sudan and South Sudan

29 April 2014: In this series of video interviews, Casie Copeland, Crisis Group's South Sudan Consulting Analyst and Jérôme Tubiana, Crisis Group's Sudan Senior Analyst discuss the escalating conflict in Sudan and South Sudan.

Media Release

South Sudan

South Sudan Needs Respected Outside Mediation

18 December 2013: The scenario many feared but dared not contemplate looks frighteningly possible: South Sudan, the world’s newest state, is now arguably on the cusp of a civil war.

Interactive Presentation

An Eyewitness Account of South Sudan's Independence

15 July 2011: In this audio slideshow, Crisis Group's Sudan Analyst Zach Vertin talks about his impressions from South Sudan's historic independence day on 9 July, and the challenges facing the new nation in the future. 


Sudan: Sliding into a New Civil War?

28 October 2011: 
South Sudan obtained its independence, but Sudan’s crisis is far from being over. Fighting broke out in Southern Kordofan, Abyei, and finally in Blue Nile State. Fouad Hikmat, Crisis Group’s Special Advisor on Sudan and the African Union, explains why peace is still elusive in Sudan. 

هل ينزلق السودان في حرب أهلية جديدة؟