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Nigeria

Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform

Africa Report N°237, 6 June 2016

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Nigeria’s military is in distress. President Muhammadu Buhari’s over-due reforms aren’t yet enough to turn an under-resourced, over-stretched and corrupt army back into a professional force. A complete overhaul is needed, including accountability for human rights abuses, if Nigerians are not to be left at the mercy of Boko Haram and other armed groups.

Recent Reports

Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform, Africa Report N°237, 6 Jun 2016

Nigeria’s military is in distress. President Muhammadu Buhari’s over-due reforms aren’t yet enough to turn an under-resourced, over-stretched and corrupt army back into a professional force. A complete overhaul is needed, including accountability for human rights abuses, if Nigerians are not to be left at the mercy of Boko Haram and other armed groups.

Boko Haram on the Back Foot?, Africa Briefing N°120, 4 May 2016

Boko Haram is losing ground, resources and fighters. But defeating the group and preventing a future insurgency needs more than military success. The 14 May summit in Abuja is an opportunity for Nigeria and its Lake Chad basin neighbours to prepare and implement what's been long overdue: a holistic response to the extremist group.

Curbing Violence in Nigeria (III): Revisiting the Niger Delta, Africa Report N°231, 29 Sep 2015

The Niger Delta is rich in resources, but poverty, unemployment and pollution could reignite a rebellion that ended in 2009. Despite the Boko Haram insurgency in the North East, Nigeria must fulfil its promises of support for the southern delta’s economic development, social justice, and environmental regeneration.

Nigeria’s Dangerous 2015 Elections: Limiting the Violence, Africa Report N°220, 21 Nov 2014

Nigeria’s politics is sliding dangerously towards violence before, during and after the February 2015 elections. With only three months to the polls, mitigating bloodshed requires urgent improvements in security and electoral arrangements, as well as in political mind-sets.

Curbing Violence in Nigeria (II): The Boko Haram Insurgency, Africa Report N°216, 3 Apr 2014

In an environment of poverty, injustice and lack of political will for reform, Boko Haram is increasingly putting local and regional stability at risk. 中文

Curbing Violence in Nigeria (I): The Jos Crisis, Africa Report N°196, 17 Dec 2012

Unless addressed immediately, recurrent violence in Nigeria’s Plateau state will continue to fuel settler-indigene tensions and exacerbate intercommunal strife across the country. 中文

Lessons from Nigeria’s 2011 Elections, Africa Briefing N°81, 15 Sep 2011

Nigeria’s April elections may have broken somewhat its cycle of deeply flawed polls, but the country still must meet many and daunting challenges to ensure a stable and democratic future.

Nigeria’s Elections: Reversing the Degeneration?, Africa Briefing N°79, 24 Feb 2011

Despite some encouraging preparations, huge challenges remain in the short weeks before the April general elections at which Nigeria’s international reputation and faith in its own democracy are at stake.

Northern Nigeria: Background to Conflict, Africa Report N°168, 20 Dec 2010

Nigeria’s far north is not the hot bed of Islamic extremists some in the West fear, but it needs reinforced community-level peacebuilding, a more subtle security response, and improved management of public resources lest lingering tensions lead to new violence.

Nigeria: Seizing the Moment in the Niger Delta, Africa Briefing N°60, 30 Apr 2009

The report of the government-constituted Technical Committee on the Niger Delta, submitted to Nigeria’s President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua on 1 December 2008, offers an opportunity to reduce violent conflict significantly and begin longer-term regional development in the oil-rich region.

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The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm

Migrants sit on the open cargo of pick-up trucks, holding wooden sticks tied to the vehicle to avoid falling from it, as they leave the outskirts of Agadez for Libya, from where they will try to reach Europe, 1 June 2015. AFP/Issouf Sanogo

Africa Report N°227, 25 June 2015

The Sahel’s trajectory is worrying; poverty and population growth, combined with growing jihadi extremism, contraband and human trafficking constitute the perfect storm of actual and potential instability. Without holistic, sustained efforts against entrenched criminal networks, misrule and underdevelopment, radicalisation and migration are likely to spread and exacerbate.