The death of President Saparmurat Niyazov of Turkmenistan from heart failure was announced on 21 December 2006.
01 July 2014
President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov 2 June threatened to dismiss Turkmenistan's border police chiefs after three border guards were shot by Taliban militants at Afghan frontier late May.
Sapamurad Niyazov's Turkmenistan, one of the world's most repressive regimes, has not responded to quiet diplomacy, modifying a few policies only when faced with a threat of sanctions or other punitive action.
More than a decade after their independence, each of the Central Asian states is on its own particular path of political and economic development. While most have achieved at least partial integration within the international community, one stands out as an exception: the remote former Soviet republic of Turkmenistan, on the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea.
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