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Algeria

Algeria and Its Neighbours

Middle East and North Africa Report N°164, 12 October 2015

Foreign Minister of Algeria Ramtane Lamamra congratulates Bilal Agh Cherif (C, R), secretary general of The Coordination of the Movements of Azawad (CMA), after Cherif signed a preliminary peace agreement in Algiers, Algeria May 14, 2015.

Algeria has emerged as an indispensable broker of stability in North Africa and the Sahel. But, especially as it enters a generational transition in domestic politics, it needs better strategies to deal with financial pressures, a neighbourhood in turmoil, cross-border jihadi threats, and ongoing tensions with France and Morocco. It should also resolve a presidential succession that is paralysing institutions.

Recent Reports

Algeria and Its Neighbours, Middle East and North Africa Report N°164, 12 Oct 2015

Algeria has emerged as an indispensable broker of stability in North Africa and the Sahel. But, especially as it enters a generational transition in domestic politics, it needs better strategies to deal with financial pressures, a neighbourhood in turmoil, cross-border jihadi threats, and ongoing tensions with France and Morocco. It should also resolve a presidential succession that is paralysing institutions.

Islamism, Violence and Reform in Algeria: Turning the Page (Islamism in North Africa III), Middle East Report N°29, 30 Jul 2004

Algeria has been a case study in how not to deal with Islamist activism. Its experience dwarfs that of its neighbours in both scale of violence - over 100,000 deaths since 1991 - and number of Islamic organisations disputing the religious, political and military fields.

Algeria: Unrest and Impasse in Kabylia, Middle East/North Africa Report N°15, 10 Jun 2003

In late April 2001, lethal provocations by elements of Algeria’s National Gendarmerie triggered protracted and deadly rioting in Kabylia. That the unrest from Kabylia’s Black Spring continues to this day reflects the political system’s nation-wide failure to adopt reforms that address its deficit of democratic representation.

Diminishing Returns: Algeria's 2002 Legislative Elections, Middle East/North Africa Briefing N°1, 24 Jun 2002

Multiparty parliamentary elections are a comparatively recent innovation in Algeria, and in each instance to date the outcome has been overshadowed by the process that preceded or followed it.

Algeria's Economy: The Vicious Circle of Oil and Violence, Africa Report N°36, 26 Oct 2001

The crisis in Algeria, now a decade old, is not merely a consequence of the interruption of the December 1991 elections by an army-backed coup to keep the Front Islamique du Salut (FIS: Islamic Salvation Front) from power.

The Civil Concord: A Peace Initiative Wasted, Africa Report N°31, 9 Jul 2001

The civil war between the Algerian army and Islamist guerrillas, sparked by the refusal of the military to recognise the electoral victory of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in 1991, is not over. The Civil Concord Law, proposed by President Bouteflika in April 1999, approved by referendum in September the same year, and supported by the leaders of the FIS, has failed to convince the majority of the guerrillas to give up their arms and seek peace.

The Algerian Crisis: Not Over Yet, Africa Report N°24, 20 Oct 2000

Since December 1991, Algeria has been seized by a wave of violence, which achieved, between 1992 and 1998, the status of virtual civil war. That war was fought between, on the one hand, a military-backed regime and, on the other, a complex, clandestine opposition derived from the country’s banned umbrella Islamist movement, the Front Islamique du Salut (FIS – Jabha Islamiyya li’l-Inqadh).

Commentary

How should the U.S. respond to the protests in the Middle East?

, Hussein Agha
The Washington Post , 30 Jan 2011

Algeria's next move - After the voting

, Hugh Roberts
International Herald Tribune, 17 Apr 2004

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