After six months of worsening clashes, Libya is on the brink of all-out civil war and catastrophic state collapse. All parties must press the two rival authorities to join a national unity government, resolutely uphold the UN arms embargo, and persuade regional actors to stop fuelling the conflict.
02 March 2015
As deadly violence continued to rise, Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HoR) withdrew from UN-sponsored talks aimed at finding solution to political crisis. Armed group pledging allegiance to
Unless Libya breaks the cycle of violence and urgently reforms its justice system, there is a real risk of an increase in assassinations, urban violence and communal conflicts.
The violent death of the U.S. ambassador and three of his colleagues is a stark reminder of the challenges Libya still faces and should serve as a wake-up call for the authorities to urgently fill the security vacuum.
As a recent uptick in violence vividly illustrates, the fate of militias that ousted Qadhafi’s regime must be carefully addressed lest they jeopardise Libya’s transition.
The longer Libya’s military conflict persists, the more it risks undermining the anti-Qaddafi camp’s avowed objectives and the purpose claimed for NATO's intervention, that of protecting civilians.
July 2012: William Lawrence, Crisis Group's North Africa Project Director, discusses the 7 July elections in Libya and why their success will be crucial to the country's democratic transition.
Libya's Elections under Threat
3 Jul 2012
Libya: Ensuring a Smooth and Peaceful Transition into the Post-Qaddafi Era, 23 August 2011.
Achieving a Ceasefire, Moving toward Legitimate Government, 13 May 2011.
Open Letter to the UN Security Council on the Situation in Libya, 17 March 2011.
Media Release, A Ceasefire and Negotiations the Right Way to Resolve the Libya Crisis, 10 March 2011.
Media Release, Immediate International Steps Needed to Stop Atrocities in Libya, 22 Feb. 2011.
For more information on Crisis Group's work on the current situation in North Africa, see "Uprisings in the Arab World".
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