After six months of worsening clashes, Libya is on the brink of all-out civil war and catastrophic state collapse. All parties must press the two rival authorities to join a national unity government, resolutely uphold the UN arms embargo, and persuade regional actors to stop fuelling the conflict.
01 September 2015
Residents of Sirte mid-Aug clashed with Islamic State (IS) fighters in city; at least twenty reportedly killed, though some claim as many as 100. Both Tobruk and Tripoli-based govts denounced IS and ...
Unless Libya breaks the cycle of violence and urgently reforms its justice system, there is a real risk of an increase in assassinations, urban violence and communal conflicts.
The violent death of the U.S. ambassador and three of his colleagues is a stark reminder of the challenges Libya still faces and should serve as a wake-up call for the authorities to urgently fill the security vacuum.
As a recent uptick in violence vividly illustrates, the fate of militias that ousted Qadhafi’s regime must be carefully addressed lest they jeopardise Libya’s transition.
The longer Libya’s military conflict persists, the more it risks undermining the anti-Qaddafi camp’s avowed objectives and the purpose claimed for NATO's intervention, that of protecting civilians.
The Libyan Political Dialogue: An Incomplete Consensus, 16 July 2015.
Libya: Ensuring a Smooth and Peaceful Transition into the Post-Qaddafi Era, 23 August 2011.
Achieving a Ceasefire, Moving toward Legitimate Government, 13 May 2011.
Open Letter to the UN Security Council on the Situation in Libya, 17 March 2011.
Media Release, A Ceasefire and Negotiations the Right Way to Resolve the Libya Crisis, 10 March 2011.
Media Release, Immediate International Steps Needed to Stop Atrocities in Libya, 22 Feb. 2011.
For more information on Crisis Group's work on the current situation in North Africa, see "Uprisings in the Arab World".
The Limits of the Islamic State in Libya
27 May 2015: After returning from the frontlines, Crisis Group's Libya Senior Analyst Claudia Gazzini speaks to our Director of Communications and Outreach Hugh Pope to report her major findings on the presence of the Islamic State in the country.
Libya's Elections under Threat
3 Jul 2012
Africa Report N°227, 25 June 2015
The Sahel’s trajectory is worrying; poverty and population growth, combined with growing jihadi extremism, contraband and human trafficking constitute the perfect storm of actual and potential instability. Without holistic, sustained efforts against entrenched criminal networks, misrule and underdevelopment, radicalisation and migration are likely to spread and exacerbate.
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