10 October 2023

U.S. White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan, discussing the 7 October Hamas attack against Israel, assessed that “Iran is complicit in this attack in a broad sense because they have provided the lion’s share of the funding for the military wing of Hamas, they have provided training, they have provided capabilities, they have provided support and they have had engagement and contact with Hamas over years and years. And all of that has played a role in contributing to what we have seen. Now, as to the question of whether Iran knew about this attack in advance or helped plan or direct this attack, we do not… have confirmation of that”.

Subscribe to Crisis Group’s Email Updates

Receive the best source of conflict analysis right in your inbox.