Tehran
26 December 2023

The IAEA informed member states that Iran had “increased its production of highly enriched uranium, reversing a previous output reduction from mid-2023… Since the end of November 2023, the rate at which Iran has been producing uranium enriched up to 60 per cent U-235 at these two facilities [Natanz and Fordow] has increased to approximately 9kg per month”. The head of the Atomic Energy Organisation of Iran maintained: “we have neither changed our work nor expanded our capacity… This is media propaganda”, while a White House official asserted: “Iran’s nuclear escalation is all the more concerning at a time when Iran-backed proxies continue their dangerous and destabilising activities in the region”.

Subscribe to Crisis Group’s Email Updates

Receive the best source of conflict analysis right in your inbox.