Briefing the Security Council on the implementation of resolution 2231, a senior UN official noted that “the continued diplomatic efforts in Vienna offer a critical opportunity for both the U.S. and the Islamic Republic of Iran to return to the full and effective implementation of the [JCPOA]… This would be a welcome and crucial development”. She drew attention to the Secretary-General’s call that Washington “extend the waivers with regard to the trade in oil with the Islamic Republic of Iran, and fully renew waivers for nuclear non-proliferation projects”, while urging Iran to fully implement its nuclear commitments under the JCPOA. The U.S. envoy told the Council that “Iran continues its escalatory steps, including many that exceed the JCPOA’s nuclear limits”, while urging “Iran to refrain from taking further escalatory steps and to return to full implementation of all its JCPOA commitments”. He further asserted that “the U.S. is committed to ensuring Iran never acquires a nuclear weapon, and we believe diplomacy, in coordination with our allies and regional partners, is the best path to achieve that goal”, adding: “The last few rounds of discussions in Vienna have helped to crystallise the choices that need to be made by Iran and by the U.S. in order achieve a mutual return to compliance with the JCPOA”. The U.S. representative also underscored that “we will continue to use all the tools at our disposal to counter Iran’s destabilising activities in the region, and to promote implementation of other Security Council resolutions to address Iranian conventional weapons proliferation”.
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