23 June 2023

In a joint statement with Albania, France, Ukraine and the UK, the U.S. ambassador to the UN asserted that “Russia has not only procured hundreds of Mohajer and Shahed series UAVs from Iran in clear violation of [UNSC] Resolution 2231, but it is also now working with Iran to produce these weapons inside Russia. Russia has been using these UAVs in recent weeks to strike Kyiv, destroy Ukrainian infrastructure and kill and terrorise Ukrainian civilians”. She further emphasised that “Russia’s and Iran’s actions violate UN Security Council Resolution 2231. That resolution prohibits all countries, including permanent members of the Security Council, from transferring these types of weapons from Iran, absent advance Security Council approval. Approval was, of course, not given”. The ambassador went on to state: “Resolution 2231 does give the [UN] Secretary-General a mandate to carry out… investigations, and we have encouraged the UN to move forward on carrying out these investigations immediately”.

Subscribe to Crisis Group’s Email Updates

Receive the best source of conflict analysis right in your inbox.