28 December 2023

The U.S., Germany, France and the UK condemned Iran for increasing the rate of producing uranium enriched up to 60 per cent, arguing that it had “no credible civilian justification and… carries significant proliferation-related risks”. Referring to “Iran’s decision to revert to the same cascade configuration as the one discovered by the IAEA in Fordow earlier this year”, the four governments asserted that “Iran’s delay in declaring this change… cast serious doubts on Iran’s willingness to cooperate with the IAEA in full transparency”. “These decisions demonstrate Iran’s lack of good will towards deescalation and represent reckless behaviour in a tense regional context”, they noted, calling on Iran “to immediately reverse these steps and deescalate its nuclear program”, in addition to cooperating with the IAEA. They further expressed their commitment “to a diplomatic solution and…determination that Iran must never develop a nuclear weapon”. In response, Iran’s diplomatic spokesperson said the U.S. and E3 “should take the necessary political decisions by abandoning the policy of issuing statements and fruitless pressure”, maintaining: “Enrichment at 60 per cent… has always been and will continue to be in accordance with the peaceful needs of the country and fully under the supervision of the IAEA”.

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