Tracking Conflict Worldwide
Outlook for This Month November 2005
Conflict Risk Alerts
Trends for Last Month October 2005
Twelve conflict situations around the world deteriorated in October 2005, according to the new issue of CrisisWatch,* released today. Tensions rose between Ethiopia and Eritrea over their disputed border, risking a return to war. In Sudan, rebel disunity, growing violence and deteriorating Sudan-African Union relations marred the sixth round of talks on Darfur. Israeli-Palestinian relations worsened amid a surge of violence. Rioting inmates took control of prisons across Kyrgyzstan, destabilising the already fragile government. Syria was shaken by the release of a long-awaited UN report on the assassination of former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri, which implicated top-ranked Syrian and Lebanese security officials. In India, terrorists killed 59 in Delhi while ethnic violence escalated in the northeast. And in the North Caucasus, a major attack by Chechen rebels and local fighters in the town of Nalchik killed approximately 140. The situations also deteriorated in Afghanistan, Bolivia, Iran, the Republic of Congo, and Thailand.
Six conflict situations improved in October 2005. Generally free and fair elections were held in Somaliland, while Liberians turned out in large numbers - and largely peacefully - to choose a new president. Sierra Leone's president stated intention to repeal a libel law used to silence media and anti-corruption efforts continued. Bosnia & Herzegovina made promising steps towards EU integration after agreement was finally reached to establish a single police force. Positive developments continued in Northern Ireland as the Loyalist Volunteer Force paramilitary group announced its stand-down following the Independent Monit