Q&A / Europe & Central Asia

The Russians Fighting for Ukraine

In March, units reportedly affiliated with the Ukrainian armed forces but composed of Russian citizens and others began making armed incursions into regions of Russia along Ukraine’s border. In this Q&A, Crisis Group experts explain who these Russian combatants are and what they are doing.

Catching Up on the Back-channel Peace Talks in Yemen

For over eighteen months, Saudi Arabia and Yemen’s Houthi rebels have been deep in discussions about a formal long-term ceasefire in their eight-year war. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Ahmed Nagi takes the temperature of the slow-moving talks.

A Second October War in Israel-Palestine

On 7 October, Hamas carried out a massive assault on Israel, drawing immediate comparisons to the 1973 conflict, when the Egyptian and Syrian armies similarly breached Israeli defences. In this Q&A, Crisis Group lays out what happened and where the fighting may be headed.

Also available in العربية

حرب تشرين ثانية في إسرائيل–فلسطين

في السابع من تشرين الأول/أكتوبر، شنّت حماس هجوماً هائلاً على إسرائيل، دفع إلى ظهور مقارنات فورية مع الصراع الذي نشأ عام 1973، عندما اخترق الجيشان المصري والسوري على نحو مماثل الدفاعات الإسرائيلية. في هذا العرض المكوَّن من أسئلة وأجوبة تقدم مجموعة الأزمات ما حدث والوجهة التي يمكن أن يتخذها القتال.

Also available in English
Q&A / Africa

Massacre in Goma Clouds DR Congo’s Elections and UN Mission’s Future

On 30 August, elite troops slaughtered over 50 civilians planning to protest perceived foreign interference in the eastern DR Congo, three months ahead of elections. The government has asked the UN for an “accelerated” withdrawal. Crisis Group experts Richard Moncrieff and Onesphore Sematumba explain the stakes.

Also available in Français
Q&A / Africa

Le massacre de Goma assombrit la perspective des élections en RD Congo et l’avenir de la mission de l’ONU

Le 30 août, des troupes d’élite ont massacré plus de 50 civils qui se préparaient à protester contre ce qu’ils percevaient comme de l’ingérence étrangère dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo, trois mois avant les élections. Le gouvernement a demandé à l’ONU un retrait «accéléré». Les experts de Crisis Group, Richard Moncrieff et Onesphore Sematumba, expliquent les enjeux.

Also available in English
Q&A / Africa

What to Expect from Zimbabwe’s Tilted Polls

Zimbabwe will hold elections on 23 August. As with past votes, the playing field is skewed in favour of the ruling party ZANU-PF. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Nicolas Delaunay lays out the stakes and assesses the risks of violence.

Q&A / Africa

The Fallout in Chad from the Fighting in Darfur

War in Sudan’s Darfur region has triggered a refugee crisis in eastern Chad and raised concerns that turmoil could spread. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Enrica Picco draws upon research at the Chad-Sudan border to explain the challenges facing N’Djamena. 

Also available in Français
Q&A / Africa

Retombées au Tchad des combats qui sévissent au Darfour

La guerre dans la région soudanaise du Darfour a déclenché une crise des réfugiés dans l’est du Tchad, dont les effets pourraient se propager. Dans ce Q&A, Enrica Picco, experte de Crisis Group, s’appuie sur ses recherches à la frontière entre le Tchad et le Soudan pour expliquer les défis auxquels N’Djamena est confrontée.

Also available in English
Q&A / Africa

The Attempted Coup in Niger: Avoiding Armed Conflict

On 26 July, high-ranking Nigerien officers announced on national television that they had overthrown President Mohamed Bazoum, who was democratically elected in 2021. In this Q&A, Crisis Group analysts lay out the reasons for the coup as well as the stakes going forward.

Also available in Français
Q&A / Africa

Tentative de coup d’État au  Niger : éviter la confrontation armée

Depuis le 26 juillet 2023, un groupe d’officiers supérieurs nigériens ont annoncé à la télévision nationale avoir mis fin au régime de Mohamed Bazoum, élu démocratiquement en 2021. Dans ce Q&A, les analystes de Crisis Group expliquent les raisons et les enjeux de cette tentative de coup d’État.

Also available in English

Landmark Amazon Summit Needs to Grapple with Crime as well as Climate

On 8 and 9 August, the presidents of eight countries will meet in Brazil to discuss means of countering the threats facing the Amazon rainforest. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Bram Ebus explains that inter-governmental cooperation and a regional security strategy will be essential.

Also available in Español

Histórica cumbre sobre el Amazonas debe abordar tanto el crimen como el clima

Los presidentes de 8 países se encontrarán en Brasil, el 8 y 9 de agosto, para buscar maneras de contrarrestar las amenazas que enfrenta la selva amazónica. En estas preguntas y respuestas, el experto de Crisis Group Bram Ebus explica que la cooperación intergubernamental y una estrategia de seguridad regional serán esenciales.

Also available in English
Q&A / Asia

Thai Establishment Thwarts Popular Will with Post-election Moves

Despite winning big at the polls on 14 May, Thailand’s Move Forward has been blocked from forming a government. In taking this step, as Crisis Group expert Matt Wheeler explains in this Q&A, the party’s conservative opponents are nudging the country toward turmoil.

Q&A / Asia

Ethnic Clashes Roiling Manipur Pose Test for India’s Modi

Inter-communal clashes have erupted in India’s Manipur state, near Myanmar. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Praveen Donthi delves into what caused the unrest and what New Delhi could do to stop it.

Q&A / Global

What Future for UN Peacekeeping in Africa after Mali Shutters Its Mission?

At Bamako’s request, the UN Security Council has begun drawing down the UN peacekeeping operation in Mali. In this Q&A, Crisis Group experts Richard Gowan and Daniel Forti explore the implications for blue helmet missions elsewhere on the continent.


Why the War in Ukraine May Be a Long One

Sixteen months after Russia’s full-scale invasion, its attacks on Ukrainian cities continue, while Ukraine’s counteroffensive slowly advances. With NATO leaders convening soon, Crisis Group experts explain in this Q&A why a lengthy war may loom and what that means for NATO members and other states.

Q&A / Gender and Conflict

Strengthening the Response to Conflict-Related Sexual Violence

The UN Security Council will soon consider the Secretary-General’s annual report on sexual violence in conflict. In this Q&A, Crisis Group experts Cristal Downing and Floor Keuleers discuss causes and consequences of such violence – and the importance of sexual and reproductive health care for survivors.

Haitians Turn to Mob Justice as the Gang Threat Festers

7 July marks the second anniversary of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse’s assassination. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Diego Da Rin explains why insecurity has gripped Haiti since the murder and why some Haitians have turned to self-defence groups to fend off rising gang power.


Also available in Français, Español

Les Haïtiens recourent à la justice populaire alors que la menace des gangs s’intensifie

Le 7 juillet marque le deuxième anniversaire de l’assassinat du président haïtien Jovenel Moïse. Dans ce Q&A, Diego Da Rin, expert de Crisis Group, explique pourquoi l’insécurité paralyse Haïti depuis cet assassinat et pourquoi certains Haïtiens se sont tournés vers des groupes d’autodéfense pour lutter contre la montée en puissance des gangs.


Also available in English, Español

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