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Protesters run after police fired tear gas during a protest against Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza and his bid for a third term in Bujumbura, Burundi, on 19 May 2015. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

Burundi: Peace Sacrificed?

Africa Briefing N°111, 29 May 2015

All is in place for a violent confrontation in Burundi. The failed coup on 13 May has intensified opposition to President Pierre Nkurunziza’s push for a third term in office. After ten years of peace, Burundi is in danger of reopening the fault lines that once led the country into civil war.

Nepal’s Political Faultlines
A man walks along the street near a collapsed house following Saturday's earthquake in Kathmandu, Nepal 1 May 1 2015. REUTERS/Navesh Chitrakar

26 May 2015: Nepal's earthquakes have ripped apart the lives of hundreds of thousands of people and the landscape in which they live, but they could also open up Nepal’s political and diplomatic faultlines. International Crisis Group worked regularly on Nepal from 2003-2012, publishing 33 reports in the period leading up to and following the 2006 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the country’s decade-long civil war. Since 2012, Crisis Group has maintained a watching brief on the country. In this log-form essay, Anagha Neelakantan, who was deputy director of Crisis Group's Asia program until 2013, described the political consequences of the Earthquake and advises that the reconstruction efforts have to be handled with care, if the humanitarian disaster is not to presage dangerous political confusion.

Colombia Peace Process: Lurching Backwards

Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos (3rd L) speaks to official media following FARC's decision to suspend a unilateral ceasefire after a military airstrike and land attack killed 26 of its members on 22 May 2015. REUTERS/Efrain Herrera

26 May 2015: Colombia’s peace process faces its most serious crisis yet, after the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) suspended a five month old unilateral ceasefire. Instead of more measures to de-escalate the conflict ahead of a final peace agreement, there are now new risks that the confrontation will escalate, causing fresh humanitarian damage, crippling trust between the parties and further weakening public support for the process.

Somaliland’s Guurti Sparks a Crisis

Somaliland Independence Day celebrations, 18 May 2014. CRISIS GROUP/Claire Elder

21 May 2015: The self-declared Republic of Somaliland is often described as an island of stability in a sea of conflict. Much of the security enjoyed by its estimated 3.5 million people is attributed to a “hybrid” governance system marrying traditional authority with modern Western style democratic governance. But Somaliland’s main donors have expressed concern over recent developments that beg the question whether its mixed political arrangements are robust enough. In this blogpost, Claire Elder and Cedric Barnes from Crisis Group’s Horn of Africa Project discuss why a decision by the so-called Guurti – the Upper House of Elders – worries Somaliland’s international partners and risks causing a dangerous political and clan polarisation.

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