Q&A

Q&A / Asia

Pakistan’s Mass Deportation of Afghans Poses Risks to Regional Stability

Pakistan has started repatriations that could force millions of Afghans back to their crisis-wracked home country. As Crisis Group expert Ibraheem Bahiss explains in this Q&A, the policy could bring further trouble to the region, notwithstanding Islamabad’s efforts to justify itself on security grounds.

Also available in پښتو, فارسی
Q&A / Asia

اخراج دسته جمعی افغان ها از سوی پاکستان برای ثبات منطقه ای خطراتی را به همراه دارد

پاکستان پروسه برگرداندن ‌به وطن را که می‌تواند میلیون‌ها افغان را به کشور بحران‌زده خود بازگرداندآغازکرده است. همانطور که ابراهیم باحث، کارشناس گروه بحران در این پرسش و پاسخ توضیح می دهد، علیرغم تلاش های اسلام آباد برای توجیه آن بر اساس دلایل امنیتی، این سیاست می تواند مشکلات بیشتری را برای منطقه به بار آورد.

Also available in English, پښتو
Q&A / Global

Understanding the Stakes of Climate Talks for Countries in Conflict

On 30 November, delegates gathered for the 28th iteration of the UN Climate Conference, where peace and security will be included on the thematic agenda for the first time. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Andrew Ciacci explains the significance of this step.

Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

With All Eyes on Gaza, Israel Tightens Its Grip on the West Bank

The Israeli army has locked down the West Bank since 7 October, staging several incursions into Palestinian cities, as settler violence also rises. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Tahani Mustafa looks at the consequences of this escalation.

Also available in العربية
Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

مع توجُّه كل الأنظار إلى قطاع غزة، تُحكم إسرائيل قبضتها على الضفة الغربية.

لقد أغلق الجيش الإسرائيلي الضفة الغربية منذ 7 تشرين الأول/أكتوبر، وأطلق عدة توغلات في المدن الفلسطينية، مع ارتفاع حدة العنف الذي يمارسه المستوطنون أيضاً. في هذه الجولة من الأسئلة والأجوبة، تنظر خبيرة مجموعة الأزمات تهاني مصطفى في تبعات هذا التصعيد.

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Q&A / Asia

A New Escalation of Armed Conflict in Myanmar

Fighting has intensified greatly in Myanmar in recent weeks. Having started in northern Shan State, it is now spreading elsewhere. As Crisis Group expert Richard Horsey explains in this Q&A, the military is under significant pressure on the battlefield, with worrying humanitarian implications.

Q&A / Asia

له پاکستان څخه د افغانانو ډله ییز اخراج د سیمې ثبات ته خطر پېښوي

پاکستان د افغانانو د بیرته ستنیدو لړۍ پیل کړې کوم کې چې به په میلیونونو افغانان بیرته خپل کړکیچ ځپلي هیواد ته ستانه شي. ابراهیم باحث د کرایسس ګروپ کارپوه په حیث د ځینو سوالونو په ځواب کې ددې پالیسيؤ په تشرېح کې وايي چې دا پالیسۍ به سیمې ته نورې ستونزې هم راولي، سره له دې چې اسلام آباد د امنیت په اساس د ځان توجیه کولو هڅې کوي.

Also available in English, فارسی
Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

Understanding the Risks of U.S.-Iran Escalation amid the Gaza Conflict

Terrible as the Gaza war’s toll has already been, it would get worse if sustained fighting were to erupt between the U.S. and Iran or its Middle East allies. Crisis Group experts Brian Finucane, Lahib Higel, Naysan Rafati and Ali Vaez lay out the dangers.

Also available in العربية
Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

مخاطر التصعيد الأميركي–الإيراني في ظل حرب غزة

مهما كانت حصيلة حرب غزة مروِّعة حتى الآن، فإنها ستصبح أسوأ إذا اندلع قتال مستمر بين الولايات المتحدة وإيران أو حلفائها في الشرق الأوسط. فيما يلي، يعرض خبراء مجموعة الأزمات برايان فينوكين، ولهيب هيغل، ونيسان رافاتي وعلي فايز هذه المخاطر.

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Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

Settler Violence Rises in the West Bank during the Gaza War

Attacks by Israeli settlers on Palestinians in the West Bank are spiking with attention focused on Gaza. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Mairav Zonszein explains what is behind this dangerous phenomenon and what can be done to stop it.

Also available in العربية
Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

ارتفاع حدَّة عنف المستوطنين في الضفة الغربية خلال حرب غزة

يرتفع عدد هجمات المستوطنين الإسرائيليين على الفلسطينيين في الضفة الغربية على نحو كبير في الوقت الذي يتركز فيه الانتباه على قطاع غزة. في هذه الجولة من الأسئلة والأجوبة، تشرح خبيرة مجموعة الأزمات مايراف زونزيان ما يكمن وراء هذه الظاهرة الخطيرة وما يمكن فعله لوقفها.

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Q&A / Africa

Northern Mali: A Conflict with No Victors

Fighting has resumed between the Wagner Group-supported Malian army and a coalition of armed groups that signed the 2015 peace agreement, jeopardising the accord. Crisis Group experts Ibrahim Maïga and Ibrahim Yahaya Ibrahim explain what caused these clashes and what each side could lose.

 

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Q&A / Africa

Nord du Mali : une confrontation dont personne ne sortira vainqueur

Au Mali, les combats ont repris entre l’armée appuyée par Wagner et une coalition de groupes armés signataires de l’accord de paix de 2015, mettant en péril le processus de paix. Ibrahim Maïga et Ibrahim Yahaya Ibrahim expliquent les raisons de ces affrontements et ce que les deux belligérants ont à y perdre.

 

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Q&A / Europe & Central Asia

The Russians Fighting for Ukraine

In March, units reportedly affiliated with the Ukrainian armed forces but composed of Russian citizens and others began making armed incursions into regions of Russia along Ukraine’s border. In this Q&A, Crisis Group experts explain who these Russian combatants are and what they are doing.

Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

Catching Up on the Back-channel Peace Talks in Yemen

For over eighteen months, Saudi Arabia and Yemen’s Houthi rebels have been deep in discussions about a formal long-term ceasefire in their eight-year war. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Ahmed Nagi takes the temperature of the slow-moving talks.

Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

A Second October War in Israel-Palestine

On 7 October, Hamas carried out a massive assault on Israel, drawing immediate comparisons to the 1973 conflict, when the Egyptian and Syrian armies similarly breached Israeli defences. In this Q&A, Crisis Group lays out what happened and where the fighting may be headed.

Also available in العربية
Q&A / Middle East & North Africa

حرب تشرين ثانية في إسرائيل–فلسطين

في السابع من تشرين الأول/أكتوبر، شنّت حماس هجوماً هائلاً على إسرائيل، دفع إلى ظهور مقارنات فورية مع الصراع الذي نشأ عام 1973، عندما اخترق الجيشان المصري والسوري على نحو مماثل الدفاعات الإسرائيلية. في هذا العرض المكوَّن من أسئلة وأجوبة تقدم مجموعة الأزمات ما حدث والوجهة التي يمكن أن يتخذها القتال.

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Q&A / Africa

Massacre in Goma Clouds DR Congo’s Elections and UN Mission’s Future

On 30 August, elite troops slaughtered over 50 civilians planning to protest perceived foreign interference in the eastern DR Congo, three months ahead of elections. The government has asked the UN for an “accelerated” withdrawal. Crisis Group experts Richard Moncrieff and Onesphore Sematumba explain the stakes.

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Q&A / Africa

Le massacre de Goma assombrit la perspective des élections en RD Congo et l’avenir de la mission de l’ONU

Le 30 août, des troupes d’élite ont massacré plus de 50 civils qui se préparaient à protester contre ce qu’ils percevaient comme de l’ingérence étrangère dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo, trois mois avant les élections. Le gouvernement a demandé à l’ONU un retrait «accéléré». Les experts de Crisis Group, Richard Moncrieff et Onesphore Sematumba, expliquent les enjeux.

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Q&A / Africa

What to Expect from Zimbabwe’s Tilted Polls

Zimbabwe will hold elections on 23 August. As with past votes, the playing field is skewed in favour of the ruling party ZANU-PF. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Nicolas Delaunay lays out the stakes and assesses the risks of violence.

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