Gas discoveries in the eastern Mediterranean over the past decade have served as a source of both conflict and cooperation among littoral states. It has led to new levels of engagement among Greece, Egypt, Israel and the Republic of Cyprus, but exacerbated Turkey’s regional rivalries, particularly with Athens and Nicosia. The reserves led to tensions between Israel and Lebanon, expanded economic engagement between Israel and Jordan, and further entrenchment in Israel’s control over Palestine. Crisis Group’s expertise on the shifting geopolitics of the region puts us in a unique position to identify and advance policies for these sources of instability.
In mid-2020, Turkey and Greece put their Mediterranean fleets on high alert, dramatically raising tensions in their long-running dispute over air, water, rock and now seabed gas deposits as well. Talks have been frustrating but remain the best way to contain the risk of conflict.
Originally published in Transatlantic Academy