The international order has been thrown into turmoil as the era of U.S. primacy fades and shifting power relations revive great power politics. Disruptive regional powers and a divided Security Council are hindering UN peacemaking. The changing nature of conflict, coupled with an increasingly complex geopolitical landscape, affect the capacity of regional organisations like the African Union to maintain peace and security. Today’s conflicts are seldom fought or solved without outside influence, and while multilateral diplomacy is under siege, it remains undefeated. In our work, we advocate at the global and regional levels for the importance of multilateralism in conflict prevention and resolution.
The Security Council has an opening to rethink its approach to DR Congo with this month’s mandate renewal of the UN peacekeeping mission. The council should prioritise local conflict resolution and bolstering President Tshisekedi’s efforts to improve regional relations to combat over 100 armed groups ravaging the east.
There is no doubt that Russia is much more actively engaged on African issues in the Security Council than was the case five years or 10 years ago.
The South Sudan peace process is at serious risk of derailing following the UNSC visit to Juba. The strategy to simply pressure on Nov 12 deadline has already failed. It’s time to pivot.
This is a case where the UN should aim to be ‘best supporting actor’ rather than the star, bringing economic expertise to back up the AU’s work on Sudan’s transition.
Trump likes to present himself as a peacemaker — he clearly isn't succeeding in that when it comes to dealing with Iran — so the Korean issue is the one that he will strongly emphasize.