The different roles women and men play in deadly conflicts and in efforts to prevent and resolve them remain under-researched and analysed. At Crisis Group, we seek to understand the relationship between conflict dynamics and gender identities, and to integrate all relevant perspectives in our analysis and policy prescriptions. We believe that proactively including women’s voices in the field of security and post-conflict reconstruction is critical to building resilient societies and shaping solutions for lasting peace. We have long advocated the full implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and subsequent resolutions on gender-based violence; greater gender diversity in political leadership and within security forces; and increased women’s participation in peace processes.
Al-Shabaab, Somalia’s Islamist insurgency, is diminished but still potent. One understudied source of its resilience is the support of women, active and passive, despite the movement’s stringent gender ideology. Understanding the range of women’s relationships to Al-Shabaab is critical to countering the group going forward.
Our work is informed by research that explores gender and conflict as ideas, political challenges and lived realities.
Too much of the public discussion around repatriating Western citizens, male or female, hinges on an assumption that letting them come home is equivalent to leniency or forgiveness.
While ending the insurgency and countering the militants’ appeal is obviously vital, it is also essential to recognise what precisely has guided women to join [Boko Haram] in the first place.
[Under sanctions] women, as organisers of family life, healthcare, education, will often carry the burden of trying to come up with alternatives for their families in all instances.
The crux of the recent crisis at the [U.S.-Mexico] border is that there are fewer male migrants in their 20s or 30s making the crossing, and many more families, newborns, children, and pregnant women escaping life-or-death situations as much as poverty.
Female peacekeepers can serve as role models for local women, improve relations with the host community, and facilitate information-gathering.